- Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Male 26Â·5 cm (10Â½ in):
- Yellow head, neck and breast
- Black around the eye to base of bill
- Rest of body black
- White wing patches
- There is a rare orange/red headed variant
Females 21Â·5 cm (8Â½ in)
- Smaller and browner overall, except for a yellow throat and upper breast. Lower breast streaked with white. Lacks white wing patches.
Breeding range extends from British Columbia to the Great Lakes region, and throughout the western and central U.S. Resident populations can be found along the U.S. west coast.
Winters in the southern U.S. and Mexico.
This is a monotypic species.
Freshwater marshes and lakes with reeds are areas for nesting and roosting, during fouraging often spreads into farmland.
Their diet consists of seeds from weeds and crops; and also insects.
Loud, with a variety of calls.
Click on photo for larger image
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)
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