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Yellow-tufted Honeyeater

From Opus

Photo © by NeilCapertee Valley, New South Wales, Australia, September 2003
Photo © by Neil
Capertee Valley, New South Wales, Australia, September 2003
Lichenostomus melanops

Includes: Helmeted Honeyeater

Contents

[edit] Identification

Helmeted HoneyeaterPhoto © by keith hTonimbuk, Victoria, September 2009
Helmeted Honeyeater
Photo © by keith h
Tonimbuk, Victoria, September 2009

16·5–21 cm (6½-8¼ in)

  • Olive-brown upperparts
  • Yellowish-grey underparts
  • Black face mask
  • Bright yellow ear tufts and sides of the throat
  • Down-curved bill

Sexes similar
Young birds are duller and paler, with yellow areas washed green

[edit] Distribution

Eastern and south-eastern mainland Australia.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Photo © by Greg McKayBendigo, Victoria, Australia, January 2015
Photo © by Greg McKay
Bendigo, Victoria, Australia, January 2015

There are 3 subspecies[1]

  • L. m. meltoni:
  • L. m. melanops:
  • Eastern New South Wales (about Lismore to Jervis Bay)
  • L. m. cassidix: Helmeted Honeyeater is much larger, with brighter plumage
  • South-central Victoria (Yellingbo district of West Gippsland)

[edit] Habitat

Open dry sclerophyll forests and woodlands dominated by eucalypts; often near water. They sometimes visit gardens. L. m. cassidix is found in narrow patches of tall forest along streams or in swamps.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The main diet consists of arthropods (mostly insects with some spiders); occasionally snails. They also eat nectar from eucalypt flowers.

[edit] Breeding

They breed in colonies. Pairs are monogamous and the pair are sometimes assisted with feeding and nest cleaning by 'helpers'. They construct a tightly woven, cup-shaped nest. The females do most of the incubation, with both parents, and any helpers, feed the young. Two or three broods may be raised in a season.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2018)
  3. Birds in Backyards

[edit] External Links

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