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Yellow-tufted Pipit - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: African Rock Pipit

Anthus crenatus

Identification

Length 17-18 cm (6¾-7 in)
This Pipit has a plain brown back and distinctive pale eyebrow. The wings are brown with yellow markings (visible only at close range) and the breast is buffy brown with slight streaking (also only visible at close range).
The lower mandible has a yellowish base; the rest of the bill is dark brown.

Similar species

Long-billed Pipit, African Pipit, Mountain Pipit (clearly streaked backs), Buffy Pipit (pinkish base to bill, and rarely in rocky habitats), and Plain-backed Pipit (more distinctly marked breast and no yellow wing markings).

Distribution

South African interior (south of 26° S) and Lesotho.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Rocky and bushy hills and mountains.

Behaviour

Diet

Locally common, but seldom seen unless singing from a perch on a rock, as it spends much of the day on the ground, where it forages for insects, spiders and seeds.

Breeding

November to January. The nest is a cup of grass under or against a grass tuft or rock. Two to three eggs are laid and young are fed by both adults.

Vocalisation

Best identified by voice, a loud, repeated "whee-tsrreeu", markedly different from the calls of other Pipits.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533

Recommended Citation

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