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Azara's Spinetail

From Opus

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(Imp sizes. Some extra information. References updated)
 
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==Identification== ==Identification==
[[Image:603657834065 AzarasSpinetail2.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Immature<br >Photo by {{user|Robert_Scanlon|Robert_Scanlon}}<br />Nr Cali, Colombia, March 2006]] [[Image:603657834065 AzarasSpinetail2.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Immature<br >Photo by {{user|Robert_Scanlon|Robert_Scanlon}}<br />Nr Cali, Colombia, March 2006]]
-18cm<br />+15–17 cm (6-6¾ in)<br />
-Rufous cap and wings, grey forehead and throat, buffy underparts. Small dark scaly patch on throat.<br />+*Rufous cap and wings
 +*Grey forehead and throat
 +*Pale [[Topography#Heads|supercilium]]
 +*Brownish-grey face
 +*Buffy underparts
 +*Small dark scaly patch on throat.<br />
This is the most numerous and common Spinetail in its range. This is the most numerous and common Spinetail in its range.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
Line 20: Line 25:
*''S. a. fruticicola'': *''S. a. fruticicola'':
:*Northern [[Peru]] (La Libertad, Cajamarca, San Martín and Amazonas) :*Northern [[Peru]] (La Libertad, Cajamarca, San Martín and Amazonas)
- 
*''S. a. infumata'': *''S. a. infumata'':
:*Northerln-central [[Peru]] (San Martín, Huánuco and Junín) :*Northerln-central [[Peru]] (San Martín, Huánuco and Junín)
Line 32: Line 36:
:*Andes of north-western [[Argentina]] (Jujuy and Tucumán) :*Andes of north-western [[Argentina]] (Jujuy and Tucumán)
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-Dry forest and moist montanes, mostly from 1500m to 3000m.+Montane evergreen forest edges, secondary forests and dense undergrowth, mostly from 1500m to 3000m.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
Furtive and difficult to locate visually in the dense shrub it prefers, although its voice is often heard. Travels alone or in pairs, staying close to ground. Furtive and difficult to locate visually in the dense shrub it prefers, although its voice is often heard. Travels alone or in pairs, staying close to ground.
 +====Diet====
 +Their diet consists mostly of arthropods, with the addition of moth larvae and small seeds. They are usually seen in pairs, though sometimes they feed in mixed species flocks.
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thAug14}}#Avibase+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#Avibase
 +#Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)
{{ref}} {{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Synallaxis+azarae}} {{GSearch|Synallaxis+azarae}}
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Synallaxis]] [[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Synallaxis]]

Current revision

Photo by Gerald Friesen East Andes slope, San Isidro road, Ecuador, April 2018
Photo by Gerald Friesen
East Andes slope, San Isidro road, Ecuador, April 2018
Synallaxis azarae

Contents

[edit] Identification

ImmaturePhoto by Robert_ScanlonNr Cali, Colombia, March 2006
Immature
Photo by Robert_Scanlon
Nr Cali, Colombia, March 2006

15–17 cm (6-6¾ in)

  • Rufous cap and wings
  • Grey forehead and throat
  • Pale supercilium
  • Brownish-grey face
  • Buffy underparts
  • Small dark scaly patch on throat.

This is the most numerous and common Spinetail in its range.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Nine subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • S. a. elegantior:
  • S. a. media:
  • S. a. ochracea:
  • Subtropical south-western Ecuador and north-western Peru
  • S. a. fruticicola:
  • Northern Peru (La Libertad, Cajamarca, San Martín and Amazonas)
  • S. a. infumata:
  • Northerln-central Peru (San Martín, Huánuco and Junín)
  • S. a. urubambae:
  • South-eastern Peru (Cuzco)
  • S. a. azarae:
  • Andes from southern Peru (Puno) to central Bolivia (south to northwestern Santa Cruz)
  • S. a. samaipatae:
  • Andes of southern Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Chuquisaca and Tarija)
  • S. a. superciliosa:
  • Andes of north-western Argentina (Jujuy and Tucumán)

[edit] Habitat

Montane evergreen forest edges, secondary forests and dense undergrowth, mostly from 1500m to 3000m.

[edit] Behaviour

Furtive and difficult to locate visually in the dense shrub it prefers, although its voice is often heard. Travels alone or in pairs, staying close to ground.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of arthropods, with the addition of moth larvae and small seeds. They are usually seen in pairs, though sometimes they feed in mixed species flocks.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)

[edit] External Links

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