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Black-backed Puffback

From Opus

MalePhoto © by Leon Location: Pretoria, South Africa.  June 2004.
Photo © by Leon
Location: Pretoria, South Africa. June 2004.
Dryoscopus cubla


[edit] Identification

Length 17-18cm; Weight 19-36g.
Eyes yellow, orange or red; bill black; legs and feet grey.
Size smaller than Fiscal Shrike; tail relatively short; mainly black-and-white.
Male: Above black; rump grayish white; no white eyebrow; wings black-and-white; below white; tail black. Named from the loose feathers on the male's rump and lower back.
Female: Similar to male, but less intensely black; white areas more buff or grayish white. She has a white supercilium where the male as an all black cap to below the eye.
Immature: Deep buff olive where adults white.

Displaying MalePhoto © by Alan MansonMkhuze GR, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, September 2009
Displaying Male
Photo © by Alan Manson
Mkhuze GR, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, September 2009

[edit] Distribution

Africa south of 5°N.2

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies[1]

Dryoscopus cubla has five subspecies:

  • D. c. affinis:
  • D. c. nairobiensis:
  • D. c. hamatus:
  • D. c. okavangensis:
  • D. c. cubla:
FemalePhoto © by njlarsenGreater Kruger area, South Africa, August 2011
Photo © by njlarsen
Greater Kruger area, South Africa, August 2011

[edit] Habitat

Woodland, thicket and forest.

[edit] Behaviour

Male's Display: The male puffs out the white rump feathers "to form a remarkable white ball, then bows, droops vibrating wings, and spreads tail. He makes short 'butterfly' flights with the puff expanded, and may drop vertically through the air with raised wings. Courting birds audibly click their wings" (Zimmerman et al. 1996).

[edit] Diet

The diet includes invertebrates, eaten on the wing.

[edit] Breeding

They nest in a tree or shrub and 2-3 cream eggs are laid.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Sinclair I & Ryan P. 2003. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0620207299

[edit] External Links


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