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Brown-crested Flycatcher

From Opus

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-[[Image:Brown-crested_Flycatcher.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|Leslie|Leslie}} <br />[[Santa Ana Wildlife Refuge]], [[Texas]], April 2004]]+[[Image:Brown-crested_Flycatcher.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo &copy; by {{user|Leslie|Leslie}} <br />[[Santa Ana Wildlife Refuge]], [[Texas]], April 2004]]
;[[:Category:Myiarchus|Myiarchus]] tyrannulus ;[[:Category:Myiarchus|Myiarchus]] tyrannulus
'''Includes Wied's Crested Flycatcher''' '''Includes Wied's Crested Flycatcher'''
==Identification== ==Identification==
 +[[Image:Brown-crested_flycatcher_cr_by_costaricafinca.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo &copy; by {{user|costaricafinca|costaricafinca}} <br />Guanacaste, [[Costa Rica]], November 2008]]
19cm 19cm
*Olive-brown upperparts *Olive-brown upperparts
Line 22: Line 23:
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>==== ====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>====
-This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|polytypic]] species which consists of 7 subspecies:+This is a [[Dictionary_P-S#P|polytypic]] species which consists of 7 subspecies:
*''M. t. magister'': '''Wied's Crested Flycatcher'''<sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup> *''M. t. magister'': '''Wied's Crested Flycatcher'''<sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup>
:*South-western [[US]] through western [[Mexico]] to Oaxaca; Tres Marías Islands :*South-western [[US]] through western [[Mexico]] to Oaxaca; Tres Marías Islands
Line 39: Line 40:
An additional subspecies ''M.T. nelsoni'' is generally considered invalid <sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup> An additional subspecies ''M.T. nelsoni'' is generally considered invalid <sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup>
 +
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Riparian woodlands, saguaro cactus desert, dry forest and gardens. Riparian woodlands, saguaro cactus desert, dry forest and gardens.

Current revision

Photo © by Leslie Santa Ana Wildlife Refuge, Texas, April 2004
Photo © by Leslie
Santa Ana Wildlife Refuge, Texas, April 2004
Myiarchus tyrannulus

Includes Wied's Crested Flycatcher

Contents

[edit] Identification

Photo © by costaricafinca Guanacaste, Costa Rica, November 2008
Photo © by costaricafinca
Guanacaste, Costa Rica, November 2008

19cm

  • Olive-brown upperparts
  • Yellow underparts
  • Pale grey throat and breast
  • Short dark crest
  • Pale wing bars
  • Primaries edged rufous but secondaries edged lemon-yellow
  • Brown tail (rufous on inner webs usually visible from underside of tail)
  • Large, dark bill

Sexes similar

[edit] Similar Species

Ash-throated Flycatcher, and especially in southern Mexico, Dusky-capped Flycatcher and Yucatan Flycatcher

[edit] Distribution

Southwestern United States in southeastern corner of California, most of Arizona and southern Texas; also rare in Nevada and Utah south to northern Argentina, Brazil and the Guianas.

Casual to rare vagrant in Louisiana and Florida.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies[1]

This is a polytypic species which consists of 7 subspecies:

  • M. t. magister: Wied's Crested Flycatcher[2]
  • South-western US through western Mexico to Oaxaca; Tres Marías Islands
  • M. t. cooperi:
  • M. t. cozumelae:
  • Cozumel Island (off Yucatán Peninsula of eastern Mexico)
  • M. t. insularum:
  • Utila, Roatán and Bonaca islands (off Honduras)
  • M. t. brachyurus:
  • M. t. tyrannulus:
  • M. t. bahiae:
  • Northern and eastern Brazil (Amapá to São Paulo) and north-eastern Argentina

An additional subspecies M.T. nelsoni is generally considered invalid [2]

[edit] Habitat

Riparian woodlands, saguaro cactus desert, dry forest and gardens.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects and fruit.

[edit] Breeding

It builds its nest in a tree cavity. The clutch consists of 2-3 purple-marked cream eggs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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