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Brown-crested Flycatcher

From Opus

Revision as of 01:57, 29 May 2012 by Njlarsen (Talk | contribs)
Photo by Leslie Santa Ana Wildlife Refuge, Texas, April 2004
Photo by Leslie
Santa Ana Wildlife Refuge, Texas, April 2004
Myiarchus tyrannulus

Includes Wied's Crested Flycatcher

Contents

Identification

19cm

  • Olive-brown upperparts
  • Yellow underparts
  • Pale grey throat and breast
  • Short dark crest
  • Pale wing bars
  • Primaries edged rufous but secondaries edged lemon-yellow
  • Brown tail (rufous on inner webs usually visible from underside of tail)
  • Large, dark bill

Sexes similar

Similar Species

Ash-throated Flycatcher, and especially in southern Mexico, Dusky-capped Flycatcher and Yucatan Flycatcher

Distribution

Southwestern United States in southeastern corner of California, most of Arizona and southern Texas; also rare in Nevada and Utah south to northern Argentina, Brazil and the Guianas.

Casual to rare vagrant in Louisiana and Florida.

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

This is a polytypic species which consists of 7 subspecies:

  • M. t. magister: Wied's Crested Flycatcher[2]
  • South-western US through western Mexico to Oaxaca; Tres Marías Islands
  • M. t. cooperi:
  • M. t. cozumelae:
  • Cozumel Island (off Yucatán Peninsula of eastern Mexico)
  • M. t. insularum:
  • Utila, Roatán and Bonaca islands (off Honduras)
  • M. t. brachyurus:
  • M. t. tyrannulus:
  • M. t. bahiae:
  • Northern and eastern Brazil (Amapá to São Paulo) and north-eastern Argentina

An additional subspecies M.T. nelsoni is generally considered invalid [2]

Habitat

Riparian woodlands, saguaro cactus desert, dry forest and gardens.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes insects and fruit.

Breeding

It builds its nest in a tree cavity. The clutch consists of 2-3 purple-marked cream eggs.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

External Links

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