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Cape Robin-Chat

From Opus

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;[[:Category:Cossypha|Cossypha]] caffra ;[[:Category:Cossypha|Cossypha]] caffra
==Identification== ==Identification==
 +[[Image:G3B7035.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Probably subspecies ''iolaema''<br />Photo by {{user|Mick+Harris|Mick Harris}}<br />Simba Farm Lodge,West Kilimanjaro, [[Tanzania]], November 2017]]
Length 16-17 cm (6¼-6¾ in)<br /> Length 16-17 cm (6¼-6¾ in)<br />
*Grey above *Grey above
Line 12: Line 13:
*Brown iris *Brown iris
*Pink-grey legs and feet<br /> *Pink-grey legs and feet<br />
-[[Image:2007_12_17_Cape_Robin_Chat_AlanManson.jpg|thumb|450px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|Alan+Manson|Alan Manson}} <br />Pietermaritzburg, [[South Africa]], December 2007]] 
Sexes similar<br /> Sexes similar<br />
'''Juvenile''' '''Juvenile'''
Line 19: Line 19:
*Grey-brown breast *Grey-brown breast
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
 +[[Image:2007_12_17_Cape_Robin_Chat_AlanManson.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|Alan+Manson|Alan Manson}} <br />Pietermaritzburg, [[South Africa]], December 2007]]
[[Africa]]<br /> [[Africa]]<br />
'''Western Africa''': found only in the [[Democratic Republic of Congo]]<br /> '''Western Africa''': found only in the [[Democratic Republic of Congo]]<br />

Revision as of 22:29, 15 February 2018

Photo by nick scarleKirstenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa, September 2016
Photo by nick scarle
Kirstenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa, September 2016
Cossypha caffra

Contents

Identification

Probably subspecies iolaemaPhoto by Mick HarrisSimba Farm Lodge,West Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, November 2017
Probably subspecies iolaema
Photo by Mick Harris
Simba Farm Lodge,West Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, November 2017

Length 16-17 cm (6¼-6¾ in)

  • Grey above
  • Black sides of face and behind eye
  • White supercilium
  • Orange chin, throat, central breast, rump, under-tail coverts and outer tail feathers
  • Grey-brown central tail feathers
  • Pale grey belly
  • Black, down curved bill
  • Brown iris
  • Pink-grey legs and feet

Sexes similar
Juvenile

  • Buff-marked dark brown upperparts
  • Buff underparts
  • Grey-brown breast

Distribution

JuvenilePhoto by Alan Manson Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, December 2007
Juvenile
Photo by Alan Manson
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, December 2007

Africa
Western Africa: found only in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: South Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho and Swaziland Kenya, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 4-7 subspecies depending on the authority[1]:

  • C. c. iolaema:
  • C. c. kivuensis:
  • Eastern DRC (Kivu highlands) and south-western [[Uganda]
  • C. c. namaquensis:
  • Southern Namibia to Orange Free State and western Transvaal
  • C. c. caffra:

The subspecies drakensbergi and vespera along with ardens are generally considered invalid[2].

Habitat

Forest edges, bushveld, scrub and fynbos, gardens and parks.

Behaviour

Breeding

They build a cup-shaped nest from coarse vegetation, lined with animal hair and rootlets.

Diet

The diet includes a wide variety of insects, spiders, caterpillars invertebrates, small frogs, lizards and some fruit and other vegetable matter.

Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2016)
  4. Wikipedia

External Links

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