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Cape Rock Thrush

From Opus

MalePhoto © by safarirangerLisbon Falls, Mpumalanga, South Africa, April 2006
Male
Photo © by safariranger
Lisbon Falls, Mpumalanga, South Africa, April 2006
Monticola rupestris

Contents

[edit] Identification

Length 21-22 cm (8¼-8¾ in), mass about 60 g.
Adult male: Blue-grey head and throat contrast with rufous-orange underparts. Upperparts are mostly dark brown and rufous. The bill is black, the eyes brown, and the legs brown to black.
Adult female: Similar to the male, except that the underparts are duller and the head is mainly brown, streaked black, with white markings on the face and throat.
Juvenile: Brown with buff mottles above, and rufous with black mottles below.

[edit] Similar Species

The male Sentinel Rock-Thrush is similar to the male Cape Rock Thrush, but the blue grey of the head extends to the back and upper breast. The male Short-toed Rock-Thrush has a blue-grey back and a whitish crown.

[edit] Distribution

Eastern and southern South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Some altitudinal migration in populations that breed at high altitudes.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Cliffs and rocky slopes, and sometimes human settlements.

[edit] Behaviour

Solitary, in pairs, or in family groups. Attracted to burnt vegetation. Perches on rocks, shrubs or poles to sing or when alarmed.

[edit] Diet

Forages mainly for invertebrates on the ground; also eats seeds and fruit.

[edit] Breeding

The cup-shaped nest is built in a crevice or on a ledge on a cliff or building; Two to four eggs are laid in summer (September to February).

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533

[edit] External Links

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