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Crested Shrike-tit

From Opus

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Revision as of 10:56, 27 May 2015 (edit)
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(Typo.)
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Revision as of 22:49, 5 March 2018 (edit) (undo)
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-'''Alternative name: Eastern Shrike-tit''' 
[[Image:Eastern_or_Crested_Shrike_Tit.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|rebelxt|rebelxt}}<br />Adelaide, [[Australia]], November 2005]] [[Image:Eastern_or_Crested_Shrike_Tit.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|rebelxt|rebelxt}}<br />Adelaide, [[Australia]], November 2005]]
 +'''Alternative name: Eastern Shrike-tit'''
 +
;[[:Category:Falcunculus|Falcunculus]] frontatus ;[[:Category:Falcunculus|Falcunculus]] frontatus
'''Includes Northern Shrike-tit and Western Shrike-tit''' '''Includes Northern Shrike-tit and Western Shrike-tit'''
==Identification== ==Identification==
-Dull green back and wings, yellow belly and boldly marked black and white head, with a small black crest. Its bill is unusually deep, strong and hooked.<br />+[[Image:IMG 62524.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Female, nominate subspecies<br />Photo by {{user|woom|woom}}<br />Benalla wetlands, [[Victoria]], Australia, July 2015]]
 +16–19 cm (6¼-7½ in)
 +*Dull green back and wings
 +*Yellow belly
 +*Boldly marked black and white head
 +*Small black crest.
 +*Bill is unusually deep, strong and hooked
 +Females are similar to males but have a dark olive-green throat.
 +====Variations====
''Leucogaster'' has a white belly.<br /> ''Leucogaster'' has a white belly.<br />
''Whitei'' is smaller and paler.<br /> ''Whitei'' is smaller and paler.<br />
-Females are similar to males but have a dark olive-green throat. + 
-[[Image:Northern_(crested)_shrike-tit.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Northern Shrike-tit (''whitei'')<br />Photo by {{user|tcollins|tcollins}}<br />Katherine Region, [[Northern Territory]], [[Australia]], October 2007]]+
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
[[Australia]].<br /> [[Australia]].<br />
Line 14: Line 22:
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
====Subspecies==== ====Subspecies====
 +[[Image:Northern_(crested)_shrike-tit.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Northern Shrike-tit (''whitei'')<br />Photo by {{user|tcollins|tcollins}}<br />Katherine Region, [[Northern Territory]], [[Australia]], October 2007]]
Clements accepts three subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>: Clements accepts three subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
-* ''F. f. frontatus'' (Eastern Shrike-tit) from SE [[Australia]]+* ''F. f. frontatus'' (Eastern Shrike-tit):
-* ''F. f. leucogaster'' (Western Shrike-tit) from Southwest Western [[Australia]]+:*from South East [[Australia]]
-* ''F. f. whitei'' (Northern Shrike-tit) from N [[Australia]]+* ''F. f. leucogaster'' (Western Shrike-tit):
-Some authorities (Howard & Moore) merit full species status to all three forms. However neither Clements nor Sibley & Monroe have accepted this split and the Opus awaits further clarification.+:*from Southwest Western [[Australia]]
 +* ''F. f. whitei'' (Northern Shrike-tit);
 +:*from N [[Australia]]
 +Some authorities (Howard & Moore) merit full species status to all three forms. However neither Clements nor Sibley & Monroe have accepted this split and the Opus awaits further clarification.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-Woodlands. +Eucalypt forests and woodlands. Also in riparian vegetation.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
====Diet==== ====Diet====
-[[Image:35409Crested shrike-tit 001.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Western Shrike-tit (''leucogaster'')<br />Photo by {{user|aladyforty|aladyforty}}<br />Torbay, [[Western Australia]], July 2006]] 
Feeds mainly on insects, takes also spiders, fruit seeds and arils. Forages in trees, taking prey from barks or foliage. Feeds mainly on insects, takes also spiders, fruit seeds and arils. Forages in trees, taking prey from barks or foliage.
====Breeding==== ====Breeding====
 +[[Image:35409Crested shrike-tit 001.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Western Shrike-tit (''leucogaster'')<br />Photo by {{user|aladyforty|aladyforty}}<br />Torbay, [[Western Australia]], July 2006]]
Breeding season from August to January, usually double-brooded. The nest is a deep cup, made by the female with bark strips and dry grass. It's placed 6 - 15m high in a tree fork. Lays 2 - 3 eggs.<br /> Breeding season from August to January, usually double-brooded. The nest is a deep cup, made by the female with bark strips and dry grass. It's placed 6 - 15m high in a tree fork. Lays 2 - 3 eggs.<br />
Nests parasitized by [[Pallid Cuckoo]], [[Brush Cuckoo]] and [[Fan-tailed Cuckoo]]. Nests parasitized by [[Pallid Cuckoo]], [[Brush Cuckoo]] and [[Fan-tailed Cuckoo]].
Line 32: Line 44:
Resident with some local movements. Resident with some local movements.
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thAug11}}#{{Ref-HBWVol12}}+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#{{Ref-HBWVol12}}
{{ref}} {{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==

Revision as of 22:49, 5 March 2018

Photo by rebelxtAdelaide, Australia, November 2005
Photo by rebelxt
Adelaide, Australia, November 2005

Alternative name: Eastern Shrike-tit

Falcunculus frontatus

Includes Northern Shrike-tit and Western Shrike-tit

Contents

Identification

Female, nominate subspeciesPhoto by woomBenalla wetlands, Victoria, Australia, July 2015
Female, nominate subspecies
Photo by woom
Benalla wetlands, Victoria, Australia, July 2015

16–19 cm (6¼-7½ in)

  • Dull green back and wings
  • Yellow belly
  • Boldly marked black and white head
  • Small black crest.
  • Bill is unusually deep, strong and hooked

Females are similar to males but have a dark olive-green throat.

Variations

Leucogaster has a white belly.
Whitei is smaller and paler.

Distribution

Australia.
Leucogaster is currently in decline due to loss of habitat and is considered vulnerable. The nominate form is of least concern.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Northern Shrike-tit (whitei)Photo by tcollinsKatherine Region, Northern Territory, Australia, October 2007
Northern Shrike-tit (whitei)
Photo by tcollins
Katherine Region, Northern Territory, Australia, October 2007

Clements accepts three subspecies[1]:

  • F. f. frontatus (Eastern Shrike-tit):
  • F. f. leucogaster (Western Shrike-tit):
  • F. f. whitei (Northern Shrike-tit);

Some authorities (Howard & Moore) merit full species status to all three forms. However neither Clements nor Sibley & Monroe have accepted this split and the Opus awaits further clarification.

Habitat

Eucalypt forests and woodlands. Also in riparian vegetation.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds mainly on insects, takes also spiders, fruit seeds and arils. Forages in trees, taking prey from barks or foliage.

Breeding

Western Shrike-tit (leucogaster)Photo by aladyfortyTorbay, Western Australia, July 2006
Western Shrike-tit (leucogaster)
Photo by aladyforty
Torbay, Western Australia, July 2006

Breeding season from August to January, usually double-brooded. The nest is a deep cup, made by the female with bark strips and dry grass. It's placed 6 - 15m high in a tree fork. Lays 2 - 3 eggs.
Nests parasitized by Pallid Cuckoo, Brush Cuckoo and Fan-tailed Cuckoo.

Resident with some local movements.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422

External Links

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