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Great Black Hawk

From Opus

(Difference between revisions)
Revision as of 22:09, 4 January 2016 (edit)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(Flight picture of adult. References update)
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Current revision (23:41, 7 March 2018) (edit) (undo)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(Minor layout changes. Picture of subspecies (Gallery created). References updated)
 
Line 2: Line 2:
;[[:Category:Buteogallus|Buteogallus]] urubitinga ;[[:Category:Buteogallus|Buteogallus]] urubitinga
==Identification== ==Identification==
 +[[Image:Great Black-Hawk 124es.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Immature<br />Photo by {{user|Dave+B+Smith|Dave B Smith}}<br />[[Tobago]], March 2011]]
51–64 cm (20-25 in)<br /> 51–64 cm (20-25 in)<br />
-Almost entirely black with white on the base and the tip of the tail and with yellow legs and [[Topography#Heads|cere]].+*Black overall plumage
 +*White on the base and the tip of the tail
 +*Yellow legs and [[Topography#Heads|cere]].
====Variations==== ====Variations====
-[[Image:Great Black-Hawk 124es.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Immature<br />Photo by {{user|Dave+B+Smith|Dave B Smith}}<br />[[Tobago]], March 2011]]+ 
Extent of white on tail and color of [[Topography#Heads|lores]] is variable; subspecies ''ridgwayi'' has two white bands on the tail, of which the upper is narrow and often concealed, and slaty lores. This subspecies also often shows some white barring on thighs. Extent of white on tail and color of [[Topography#Heads|lores]] is variable; subspecies ''ridgwayi'' has two white bands on the tail, of which the upper is narrow and often concealed, and slaty lores. This subspecies also often shows some white barring on thighs.
Line 15: Line 18:
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
====Subspecies==== ====Subspecies====
 +[[Image:44584gavi oni.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by '''[http://www.birdforum.net/member.php?u=44584 Rogerio Araújo Dias]'''<br />Brasília, [[Brazil]]]]
There are two subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>: There are two subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
*''B. u. ridgwayi'': *''B. u. ridgwayi'':
Line 20: Line 24:
*''B. u. urubitinga'': *''B. u. urubitinga'':
:*Eastern Panama through [[South America]] to northern [[Argentina]] :*Eastern Panama through [[South America]] to northern [[Argentina]]
-[[Image:44584gavi oni.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by '''[http://www.birdforum.net/member.php?u=44584 Rogerio Araújo Dias]'''<br />Brasília, Brazil]] 
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Habitats from open country to forest but is normally to be seen near water. Habitats from open country to forest but is normally to be seen near water.
Line 26: Line 29:
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
====Diet==== ====Diet====
-[[Image:Great Black Hawk2.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Subspecies ''urubitinga'' <br />Photo by {{user|Stanley+Jones|Stanley Jones}}<br />Puerto Jofre, Mato Grosso, [[Brazil]], August 2015]]+ 
A wide variety of prey, including birds, rodents, land crabs, frogs and fish. They are also known to eat fruit. A wide variety of prey, including birds, rodents, land crabs, frogs and fish. They are also known to eat fruit.
 +
 +Have been observed feeding in the company of caracaras and vultures.
 +==Gallery==
 +Click on photo for larger image
 +<gallery>
 +Image:Great Black Hawk2.jpg|Subspecies ''urubitinga'' <br />Photo by {{user|Stanley+Jones|Stanley Jones}}<br />Puerto Jofre, Mato Grosso, [[Brazil]], August 2015
 +Image:DSC 4394.JPG|Subspecies ''ridgwayi''<br />Photo by {{user|Gerald Friesen|Gerald Friesen}}<br />Yucatan, [[Mexico]], February 2018
 +</gallery>
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thAug15}}#Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2014)+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2014)
{{ref}} {{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==

Current revision

Photo by AracariIgarape Jauari, Serra do Araca State Park, AM,Brazil, January 2007
Photo by Aracari
Igarape Jauari, Serra do Araca State Park, AM,Brazil, January 2007
Buteogallus urubitinga

Contents

[edit] Identification

ImmaturePhoto by Dave B SmithTobago, March 2011
Immature
Photo by Dave B Smith
Tobago, March 2011

51–64 cm (20-25 in)

  • Black overall plumage
  • White on the base and the tip of the tail
  • Yellow legs and cere.

[edit] Variations

Extent of white on tail and color of lores is variable; subspecies ridgwayi has two white bands on the tail, of which the upper is narrow and often concealed, and slaty lores. This subspecies also often shows some white barring on thighs.

[edit] Similar species

Compare with Common Black Hawk and the rare Solitary Eagle

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America: found from Mexico to Bolivia, Argentina, and Uruguay.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

JuvenilePhoto by Rogerio Araújo DiasBrasília, Brazil
Juvenile
Photo by Rogerio Araújo Dias
Brasília, Brazil

There are two subspecies[1]:

  • B. u. ridgwayi:
  • B. u. urubitinga:

[edit] Habitat

Habitats from open country to forest but is normally to be seen near water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

A wide variety of prey, including birds, rodents, land crabs, frogs and fish. They are also known to eat fruit.

Have been observed feeding in the company of caracaras and vultures.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2014)

[edit] External Links


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