Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Green Imperial Pigeon

From Opus

Photo © by Romy OconSubic rainforest, Zambales province, Philippines, March 2006
Photo © by Romy Ocon
Subic rainforest, Zambales province, Philippines, March 2006
Ducula aenea


[edit] Identification

Subspecies paulinaPhoto © by julienlTangkoko NP, Sulawesi, Indonesia, May 2018
Subspecies paulina
Photo © by julienl
Tangkoko NP, Sulawesi, Indonesia, May 2018

40–47 cm (15¾-18½ in) A large, grey pigeon

  • Iridescent green upperparts with bluish to bronzish tinge
  • Primaries, outer secondaries and tail feathers dark grey with some dark green iridescence
  • Grey head, neck and upper mantle
  • Undertail-coverts dark chestnut
  • Unbarred tail (unlike Mountain Imperial Pigeon)

Juveniles are generally duller. Subspecies vary in coloration.

[edit] Similar Species

Hard to tell apart from Columba Pigeons in flight, but has a longer tail and is heavy-bodied.

[edit] Distribution

Photo © by Romy OconSubic Bay, Olongapo City, Philippines, February 2005
Photo © by Romy Ocon
Subic Bay, Olongapo City, Philippines, February 2005

South-east Asia. Most of the Indian Peninsula, southern Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, very localised in Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Philippines.
Common and widespread in most of its range.

[edit] Taxonomy

Racial variation not very clear, further study needed. 13 to 20 subspecies accepted. Nicobar Imperial Pigeon was formerly treated as subspecies of this species.
Forms a species group with White-eyed Imperial Pigeon Ducula perspicillata and Blue-tailed Imperial Pigeon Ducula concinna.

[edit] Subspecies

Clements[1] recognises the following 12 sub-species:

[edit] Habitat

Primary and secondary forest, mangroves, open country with some trees. Usually in the lowlands only occasionally reported up to 600m, in Indonesia up to 1000m.

[edit] Behaviour

Often in small flocks, roosting together, sometimes traditional roosting sites.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding times vary. In India mostly April and May, in Java in January, in Sumatra recorded to breed in all months. Nest is a platform with twigs. Lays 1 egg.

[edit] Diet

A frugivorous species, feeding on fruit, berries, wild figs, nutmeg or buds of mangroves.

[edit] Movements

Resident, some movements may be linked with fruiting of trees.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.33223796 seconds with 8 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 01:10.