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Greenish Elaenia

From Opus

Revision as of 22:37, 31 January 2015 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
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Photo by arthurgrosset Jeremoabo, Bahia, Brazil, March 2004
Photo by arthurgrosset
Jeremoabo, Bahia, Brazil, March 2004
Myiopagis viridicata


[edit] Identification

13·5 cm
Given that it is unusual to see the semi-concealed yellow crown patch, the key features to the ID are the lack of wing bars and the underparts which are described in Hilty & Brown as: "grayish throat merging into olive gray chest is set off from pale yellow lower breast and belly".

Variable both according to subspecies and individually among members of the same population.

[edit] Distribution

From Mexico through Central America and much of South America.
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina

Accidental to the United States with 1 record at High Island in Texas.

[edit] Taxonomy

This species might be a candidate for a future split if more analysis is done.

[edit] Subspecies

Ten subspecies are recognized in this species[1].

  • M. v. jaliscensis: Tropical western Mexico (Sinaloa and Durango to Guerrero)
  • M. v. minima: Tres Marías Islands (off western Mexico)
  • M. v. placens: Tropical south-eastern Mexico (Tamaulipas) to Honduras; Cozumel Island
  • M. v. pacifica: Pacific lowlands of southern Mexico (Chiapas) to western Honduras
  • M. v. accola: Tropical Nicaragua to Panama, northern Colombia and western Venezuela
  • M. v. pallens: Colombia (Cundinamarca, Huila and Santa Marta region)
  • M. v. restricta: Tropical southern Venezuela
  • M. v. zuliae: Sierra de Perijá (Colombia/Venezuela border)
  • M. v. implacens: Tropical south-western Colombia (Nariño) and western Ecuador
  • M. v. viridicata: South-eastern Peru to eastern Bolivia, eastern Paraguay, northern Argentina, eastern and south-eastern Brazil

[edit] Habitat

Forest edge and second growth, partly open areas

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of a variety of insects, fruits, berries and seeds.

[edit] Vocalisation

Calls are different in northern part of the range, in middle part (Costa Rica and Panama) and in South America[2].

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from
  2. Note in discussion at Xeno-Canto
  3. Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
  4. Garrigues and Dean 2007. The birds of Costa Rica - a field guide. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-7373-9
  5. Avibase
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2015)

[edit] External Links


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