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Long-crested Eagle

From Opus

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Revision as of 21:36, 17 May 2019 (edit)
Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(Attempt to disguise some copied text. Some deleted text replaced. Some extra info. References updated)
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Current revision (12:32, 11 June 2019) (edit) (undo)
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==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-[[Image:1517 Eagle, Long-crested (5) Lophaetus occipitalis SOUTH AFRICA.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Photo &copy; by {{user|peterday|peterday}}<br />[[Kruger National Park]], [[South Africa]] January 2019]]+[[Image:1517 Eagle, Long-crested (5) Lophaetus occipitalis SOUTH AFRICA.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo &copy; by {{user|peterday|peterday}}<br />[[Kruger National Park]], [[South Africa]] January 2019]]
This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>. This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==

Current revision

Photo © by safarirangerMagoebaskloof, South Africa, 7 May 2006
Photo © by safariranger
Magoebaskloof, South Africa, 7 May 2006
Lophaetus occipitalis


[edit] Identification

50–58 cm (19¾-22¾ in)

  • Dark brown or black overall plumage
  • Broad rounded wings
  • White patches at the joint of the wing both above and below
  • White under-wing coverts spotted with black
  • White base to the tail
  • Golden to reddish brown eyes
  • Yellow cere and feet

Immatures can be differentiated from the adult by the neck feathers having whiter tips, a less noticeable crest, and a more mottled appearance. The eyes are dark olive-brown, the feet and cere pale ochre-yellow.

[edit] Distribution

Sub-Saharan Africa: widespread from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Angola and the Cape. Absent from the most arid areas of the Horn of Africa and the south-west.

[edit] Taxonomy

Photo © by peterdayKruger National Park, South Africa January 2019
Photo © by peterday
Kruger National Park, South Africa January 2019

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Woodland, forest edge and plantations, cultivated areas with trees and swampy grasslands, from sea-level up to 3,000m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists mostly of small rodents and shrews in addition they will also eat lizards, small snakes and small mammals.

[edit] Breeding

They generally lay during the wet season. Both adults construct the nest in a tree, about two feet across by a foot deep; made of small sticks, and with a deep central cup about one foot across, lined with green leaves. The clutch contains 1-2 white eggs, marked brown, grey, lilac, which are incubated by the female.

[edit] Movements

Resident and in some areas, nomadic.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2019)

[edit] External Links


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