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Northern Lapwing

From Opus

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Revision as of 22:12, 1 August 2009 (edit)
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(Copied ID section re-written. Misc info added. References)
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;[[:Category:Vanellus|Vanellus]] vanellus ;[[:Category:Vanellus|Vanellus]] vanellus
==Identification== ==Identification==
-Length 28-31cm. Wing span 67-72 cm<br />+[[Image:IMG 27224.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|G6+UXU|G6 UXU}}<br />Clifton Marshes, [[Lancashire]], May 2017]]
 +28–31 cm (11-12ΒΌ in) Wing span 67-72 cm<br />
*Crest *Crest
*Black bill *Black bill
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*Orange-chestnut undertail coverts *Orange-chestnut undertail coverts
'''Female''' and '''Juvenile''' are similar but have shorter crests '''Female''' and '''Juvenile''' are similar but have shorter crests
-[[Image:Lapwing IMG 1495.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Jeff+Rankin|Jeff Rankin}}<br />Draycote Water, [[Warwickshire]], [[UK]] November 2008 ]]+ 
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
'''Breeds''' in [[Palearctic]] ([[British Isles]], [[France]], [[Scandinavia]] and [[Russia]] east to the Urals); '''winters''' to northern [[Africa]], [[India]], [[Myanmar]] and south [[China]]. '''Breeds''' in [[Palearctic]] ([[British Isles]], [[France]], [[Scandinavia]] and [[Russia]] east to the Urals); '''winters''' to northern [[Africa]], [[India]], [[Myanmar]] and south [[China]].
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Has been recorded on the [[Azores]] and [[Cape Verde Islands]] as a '''vagrant'''. Has been recorded on the [[Azores]] and [[Cape Verde Islands]] as a '''vagrant'''.
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-A monotypic species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>+[[Image:Lapwing IMG 1495.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|Jeff+Rankin|Jeff Rankin}}<br />Draycote Water, [[Warwickshire]], [[UK]] November 2008 ]]
 +This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Breeds in open country, moors and farmland with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Winters in muddy estuaries and marshes. Breeds in open country, moors and farmland with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Winters in muddy estuaries and marshes.
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Three to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape. Three to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape.
-Very protective of their nests, dive-bombing intruders.+They are monogamous during the breeding season and are very protective of their nests, dive-bombing intruders.
====Diet==== ====Diet====
-Diet includes insects and other small invertebrates. It prefers to feed nocturnally when there are moonlit nights.+Their diet consists of worms, insects and other small invertebrates, including larva and adult beetles, ants, flies and wasps. They like to feed nocturnally on moonlit nights.
====Vocalisation==== ====Vocalisation====
'''Call''': Variations on ''Pee'', ''Peet'' and ''Pee-wit'' '''Call''': Variations on ''Pee'', ''Peet'' and ''Pee-wit''
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Other common names include Peewit and Green Plover Other common names include Peewit and Green Plover
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thDec08}}#Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug16}}#Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
#Collins Field Guide 5th Edition #Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
#Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6 #Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
 +#Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2017)
#Wikipedia #Wikipedia
{{ref}} {{ref}}

Revision as of 22:31, 15 June 2017

Photo by nigel pye
Photo by nigel pye
Vanellus vanellus

Contents

Identification

JuvenilePhoto by G6 UXUClifton Marshes, Lancashire, May 2017
Juvenile
Photo by G6 UXU
Clifton Marshes, Lancashire, May 2017

28–31 cm (11-12ΒΌ in) Wing span 67-72 cm

  • Crest
  • Black bill
  • Pinkish-brown legs
  • Upperparts look black but has green and purplish tints
  • White underparts
  • Black throat and breast
  • Orange-chestnut undertail coverts

Female and Juvenile are similar but have shorter crests

Distribution

Breeds in Palearctic (British Isles, France, Scandinavia and Russia east to the Urals); winters to northern Africa, India, Myanmar and south China.

Common and widespread over much of the region. Breeds on Sandoy in the Faroes and in most of the British Isles, and from France east to the Urals. In the north found over all of Scandinavia (except the far north) and in Russia north to the White Sea. In the south breeds in central and south-central Spain, patchily in southern France, north Italy, Greece and central Turkey.

Resident in western Europe and in Turkey but summer visitor to remainder of breeding range. In winter found throughout France and Iberia, and on most Mediterranean coasts, in Turkey, Iraq and the Nile Valley.

Has been recorded on the Azores and Cape Verde Islands as a vagrant.

Taxonomy

Photo by Jeff RankinDraycote Water, Warwickshire, UK November 2008
Photo by Jeff Rankin
Draycote Water, Warwickshire, UK November 2008

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Breeds in open country, moors and farmland with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Winters in muddy estuaries and marshes.

Behaviour

Highly gregarious forming large winter feeding flocks.

Flight

Slow direct flight with very 'flapping' wings. Aerobatic spring display flights.

Breeding

Three to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape.

They are monogamous during the breeding season and are very protective of their nests, dive-bombing intruders.

Diet

Their diet consists of worms, insects and other small invertebrates, including larva and adult beetles, ants, flies and wasps. They like to feed nocturnally on moonlit nights.

Vocalisation

Call: Variations on Pee, Peet and Pee-wit


Listen in an external program

In Culture

The name "lapwing" derives from the "lapping" sound its wings make, or the flapping flight.

Other common names include Peewit and Green Plover

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
  3. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  4. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  5. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2017)
  6. Wikipedia

External Links


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