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Northern Lapwing

From Opus

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-[[Image:Northern_Lapwing.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo © by {{user|nigel+pye|nigel pye}}<br />[[Cley]], [[Norfolk]], 2006]]+[[Image:Northern_Lapwing.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Adult in breeding plumage<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|nigel+pye|nigel pye}}<br />[[Cley]], [[Norfolk]], 11 May 2006]]
;[[:Category:Vanellus|Vanellus]] vanellus ;[[:Category:Vanellus|Vanellus]] vanellus
==Identification== ==Identification==
-[[Image:IMG 27224.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|G6+UXU|G6 UXU}}<br />Clifton Marshes, [[Lancashire]], May 2017]]+[[Image:IMG 27224.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|G6+UXU|G6 UXU}}<br />Clifton Marshes, [[Lancashire]], 17 May 2017]]
-28–31 cm (11-12¼ in) Wing span 67-72 cm<br />+28–31 cm (11-12¼ in) Wing span 67-72 cm (26&frac14;-28&frac14; in)<br />
*Crest *Crest
*Black bill *Black bill
Line 14: Line 14:
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-[[Image:Lapwing IMG 1495.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Photo © by {{user|Jeff+Rankin|Jeff Rankin}}<br />Draycote Water, [[Warwickshire]], [[UK]] November 2008 ]]+'''Breeds''' in [[Europe]], [[Turkey]] and northwest [[Iran]] through western [[Russia]] and [[Kazakhstan]] to southern and eastern [[Siberia]], [[Mongolia]] and northern [[China]]. '''Winters''' from Western Europe, Eastern Atlantic islands and North [[Africa]] through the [[Mediterranean]], [[Middle East]] and Iran across northern [[India]] to southeastern [[China]], [[Korea]] and southern [[Japan]]. Has been recorded on the [[Azores]], [[Cape Verde Islands]] and Eastern [[North America]] as a '''vagrant'''.
-'''Breeds''' in [[Palearctic]] ([[British Isles]], [[France]], [[Scandinavia]] and [[Russia]] east to the Urals); '''winters''' to northern [[Africa]], [[India]], [[Myanmar]] and south [[China]].+
-Common and widespread over much of the region. Breeds on Sandoy in the [[Faroes]] and in most of the British Isles, and from France east to the [[Urals]]. In the north found over all of Scandinavia (except the far north) and in Russia north to the White Sea. In the south breeds in central and south-central [[Spain]], patchily in southern France, north [[Italy]], [[Greece]] and central [[Turkey]]. 
- 
-Resident in western [[Europe]] and in [[Turkey]] but summer visitor to remainder of breeding range. In winter found throughout France and [[Iberia]], and on most Mediterranean coasts, in Turkey, [[Iraq]] and the Nile Valley. 
- 
-Has been recorded on the [[Azores]] and [[Cape Verde Islands]] as a '''vagrant'''.  
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>. This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
- 
Breeds in open country, moors and farmland with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Winters in muddy estuaries and marshes. Breeds in open country, moors and farmland with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Winters in muddy estuaries and marshes.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
 +[[Image:Lapwing IMG 1495.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Photo &copy; by {{user|Jeff+Rankin|Jeff Rankin}}<br />Draycote Water, [[Warwickshire]], [[UK]], November 2008 ]]
Highly gregarious forming large winter feeding flocks. Highly gregarious forming large winter feeding flocks.
====Action==== ====Action====
-[[Image:IMG 71832.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Fledgling<br />Photo © by {{user|G6+UXU|G6 UXU}}<br />Clifton Marsh, Preston, [[Lancashire]], May 2018]] 
Slow direct flight with very 'flapping' wings. Aerobatic spring display flights. Slow direct flight with very 'flapping' wings. Aerobatic spring display flights.
====Breeding==== ====Breeding====
Three to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape. Three to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape.
- 
They are monogamous during the breeding season and are very protective of their nests, dive-bombing intruders. They are monogamous during the breeding season and are very protective of their nests, dive-bombing intruders.
====Diet==== ====Diet====
Their diet consists of worms, insects and other small invertebrates, including larva and adult beetles, ants, flies and wasps. They like to feed nocturnally on moonlit nights. Their diet consists of worms, insects and other small invertebrates, including larva and adult beetles, ants, flies and wasps. They like to feed nocturnally on moonlit nights.
====Vocalisation==== ====Vocalisation====
 +[[Image:IMG 71832.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Fledgling chick<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|G6+UXU|G6 UXU}}<br />Clifton Marsh, Preston, [[Lancashire]], 1 June 2018]]
'''Call''': Variations on ''Pee'', ''Peet'' and ''Pee-wit'' '''Call''': Variations on ''Pee'', ''Peet'' and ''Pee-wit''
<flashmp3>Vanellus vanellus (song).mp3</flashmp3><br /> <flashmp3>Vanellus vanellus (song).mp3</flashmp3><br />
''[[Media:Vanellus vanellus (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]'' ''[[Media:Vanellus vanellus (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]''
-[[Image:northern_lapwing_2_alok.JPG|thumb|350px|right|In southern wintering area<br />Photo © by {{user|aloktewari|Alok Tewari}}<br />Dist. Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, North [[India]], December-2013]] 
==In Culture== ==In Culture==
The name "lapwing" derives from the "lapping" sound its wings make, or the flapping flight. The name "lapwing" derives from the "lapping" sound its wings make, or the flapping flight.
Line 48: Line 40:
==References== ==References==
 +[[Image:northern_lapwing_2_alok.JPG|thumb|350px|right|First winter plumage<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|aloktewari|Alok Tewari}}<br />Dist. Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, North [[India]], 24 December 2013]]
#{{Ref-Clements6thAug18}}# Fitter, R.S.R. (1966). ''Pocket Guide to British Birds.'' London: Collins. #{{Ref-Clements6thAug18}}# Fitter, R.S.R. (1966). ''Pocket Guide to British Birds.'' London: Collins.
#{{Ref-Collins5th93}}#Grant, P.J., Svensson, L. (1998) ''Collins Bird Guide: the Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe.'' HarperCollins ISBN 0 00 219728 6 #{{Ref-Collins5th93}}#Grant, P.J., Svensson, L. (1998) ''Collins Bird Guide: the Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe.'' HarperCollins ISBN 0 00 219728 6

Current revision

Adult in breeding plumagePhoto  © by nigel pyeCley, Norfolk, 11 May 2006
Adult in breeding plumage
Photo © by nigel pye
Cley, Norfolk, 11 May 2006
Vanellus vanellus

Contents

[edit] Identification

JuvenilePhoto © by G6 UXUClifton Marshes, Lancashire, 17 May 2017
Juvenile
Photo © by G6 UXU
Clifton Marshes, Lancashire, 17 May 2017

28–31 cm (11-12¼ in) Wing span 67-72 cm (26¼-28¼ in)

  • Crest
  • Black bill
  • Pinkish-brown legs
  • Upperparts look black but has green and purplish tints
  • White underparts
  • Black throat and breast
  • Orange-chestnut undertail coverts

Female and Juvenile are similar but have shorter crests

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in Europe, Turkey and northwest Iran through western Russia and Kazakhstan to southern and eastern Siberia, Mongolia and northern China. Winters from Western Europe, Eastern Atlantic islands and North Africa through the Mediterranean, Middle East and Iran across northern India to southeastern China, Korea and southern Japan. Has been recorded on the Azores, Cape Verde Islands and Eastern North America as a vagrant.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Breeds in open country, moors and farmland with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Winters in muddy estuaries and marshes.

[edit] Behaviour

Photo © by Jeff RankinDraycote Water, Warwickshire, UK, November 2008
Photo © by Jeff Rankin
Draycote Water, Warwickshire, UK, November 2008

Highly gregarious forming large winter feeding flocks.

[edit] Action

Slow direct flight with very 'flapping' wings. Aerobatic spring display flights.

[edit] Breeding

Three to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape. They are monogamous during the breeding season and are very protective of their nests, dive-bombing intruders.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of worms, insects and other small invertebrates, including larva and adult beetles, ants, flies and wasps. They like to feed nocturnally on moonlit nights.

[edit] Vocalisation

Fledgling chickPhoto © by G6 UXUClifton Marsh, Preston, Lancashire, 1 June 2018
Fledgling chick
Photo © by G6 UXU
Clifton Marsh, Preston, Lancashire, 1 June 2018

Call: Variations on Pee, Peet and Pee-wit


Listen in an external program

[edit] In Culture

The name "lapwing" derives from the "lapping" sound its wings make, or the flapping flight. Other common names include Peewit and Green Plover

[edit] References

First winter plumagePhoto © by Alok TewariDist. Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, North India, 24 December 2013
First winter plumage
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, North India, 24 December 2013
  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Fitter, R.S.R. (1966). Pocket Guide to British Birds. London: Collins.
  3. Peterson, RT, G Mountfort and PAD Hollom. 1993. Collins Field Guide – Birds of Britain and Europe, 5th Revised edition. London: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 978-0002199001
  4. Grant, P.J., Svensson, L. (1998) Collins Bird Guide: the Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. HarperCollins ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  5. Wiersma, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53792 on 28 March 2019).
  6. Wikipedia contributors. (2019, January 30). Northern lapwing. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 06:44, May 14, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northern_lapwing&oldid=880928862
  7. BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Vanellus vanellus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/03/2019.
  8. Chandler, R. (2009). Shorebirds of North America, Europe, and Asia: A photographic guide. Princeton.

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