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Northern Lapwing

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-;Vanellus vanellus+[[Image:Northern_Lapwing.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Adult in breeding plumage<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|nigel+pye|nigel pye}}<br />[[Cley]], [[Norfolk]], 11 May 2006]]
-[[Image:Northern_Lapwing.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by nigel pye]]+;[[:Category:Vanellus|Vanellus]] vanellus
==Identification== ==Identification==
-This lapwing is a 28-31cm long bird with a 67-72cm wingspan, It has rounded wings and a crest. It is the shortest-legged of the lapwings. It is mainly black and white, but the back is tinted green. Females and young birds have narrower wings, and have less strongly-marked heads, but plumages are otherwise quite similar.+[[Image:IMG 27224.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Juvenile<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|G6+UXU|G6 UXU}}<br />Clifton Marshes, [[Lancashire]], 17 May 2017]]
- +28–31 cm (11-12ΒΌ in) Wing span 67-72 cm (26&frac14;-28&frac14; in)<br />
-The Northern Lapwing is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.+*Crest
- +*Black bill
 +*Pinkish-brown legs
 +*Upperparts look black but has green and purplish tints
 +*White underparts
 +*Black throat and breast
 +*Orange-chestnut undertail coverts
 +'''Female''' and '''Juvenile''' are similar but have shorter crests
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-Common and widespread over much of the region. Breeds on Sandoy in the Faroes and in most of the British Isles, and from France east to the Urals. In the north found over all of Scandinavia (except the far north) and in Russia north to the White Sea. In the south breeds in central and south-central Spain, patchily in southern France, north Italy, Greece and central Turkey. +'''Breeds''' in [[Europe]], [[Turkey]] and northwest [[Iran]] through western [[Russia]] and [[Kazakhstan]] to southern and eastern [[Siberia]], [[Mongolia]] and northern [[China]]. '''Winters''' from Western Europe, Eastern Atlantic islands and North [[Africa]] through the [[Mediterranean]], [[Middle East]] and Iran across northern [[India]] to southeastern [[China]], [[Korea]] and southern [[Japan]]. Has been recorded on the [[Azores]], [[Cape Verde Islands]] and Eastern [[North America]] as a '''vagrant'''.
-Resident in western Europe and in Turkey but summer visitor to remainder of breeding range. In winter found throughout France and Iberia, and on most Mediterranean coasts, in Turkey, Iraq and the Nile Valley.  
- 
-Has been recorded on the Azores and Cape Verde Islands as a vagrant.  
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
- +This is a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-Breeds in open country with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Today over much of Europe most suitable habitat is now on farmland. Similar habitats in winter.+Breeds in open country, moors and farmland with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Winters in muddy estuaries and marshes.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
- 3–4 eggs are laid in a ground scrape. The nest and young are defended noisily and aggressively against all intruders, up to and including horses and cattle.+[[Image:Lapwing IMG 1495.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Photo &copy; by {{user|Jeff+Rankin|Jeff Rankin}}<br />Draycote Water, [[Warwickshire]], [[UK]], November 2008 ]]
-The name lapwing derives from the "lapping" sound its wings make, or the flapping flight, while peewit describes the bird's shrill call. This is a vocal bird in the breeding season, with constant calling as the crazed tumbling display flight is performed by the male.+Highly gregarious forming large winter feeding flocks.
 +====Action====
 +Slow direct flight with very 'flapping' wings. Aerobatic spring display flights.
 +====Breeding====
 +Three to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape.
 +They are monogamous during the breeding season and are very protective of their nests, dive-bombing intruders.
 +====Diet====
 +Their diet consists of worms, insects and other small invertebrates, including larva and adult beetles, ants, flies and wasps. They like to feed nocturnally on moonlit nights.
 +====Vocalisation====
 +[[Image:IMG 71832.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Fledgling chick<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|G6+UXU|G6 UXU}}<br />Clifton Marsh, Preston, [[Lancashire]], 1 June 2018]]
 +'''Call''': Variations on ''Pee'', ''Peet'' and ''Pee-wit''
 +<flashmp3>Vanellus vanellus (song).mp3</flashmp3><br />
 +''[[Media:Vanellus vanellus (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]''
 +==In Culture==
 +The name "lapwing" derives from the "lapping" sound its wings make, or the flapping flight.
 +Other common names include Peewit and Green Plover
-Food is mainly insects and other small invertebrates. This species often feeds in mixed flocks with Golden Plovers and Black-headed Gulls, the latter often robbing the two plovers, but providing a degree of protection against predators.+==References==
 +[[Image:northern_lapwing_2_alok.JPG|thumb|350px|right|First winter plumage<br />Photo &copy; by {{user|aloktewari|Alok Tewari}}<br />Dist. Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, North [[India]], 24 December 2013]]
 +#{{Ref-Clements6thAug18}}# Fitter, R.S.R. (1966). ''Pocket Guide to British Birds.'' London: Collins.
 +#{{Ref-Collins5th93}}#Grant, P.J., Svensson, L. (1998) ''Collins Bird Guide: the Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe.'' HarperCollins ISBN 0 00 219728 6
 +#Wiersma, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Northern Lapwing (''Vanellus vanellus''). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53792 on 28 March 2019).
 +#Wikipedia contributors. (2019, January 30). Northern lapwing. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 06:44, May 14, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northern_lapwing&oldid=880928862
 +#BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: ''Vanellus vanellus''. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/03/2019.
 +#Chandler, R. (2009). ''Shorebirds of North America, Europe, and Asia: A photographic guide.'' Princeton.
 +{{ref}}
-Like the Golden Plovers, this species prefers to feed nocturnally when there are moonlit nights.+==External Links==
 +{{GSearch|Vanellus_vanellus}}
 +<br />
 +{{Video|Northern_Lapwing}}
-==Bird Song==+ 
-<flashmp3>Vanellus vanellus (song).mp3</flashmp3><br />+[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Vanellus]] [[Category: Videos]][[Category:Bird Songs]]
-''[[Media:Vanellus vanellus (song).mp3|Listen in an external program]]''+
-==External Links==+
-*[http://www.birdforum.net/pp_gallery/showgallery.php?mcats=all&what=allfields&si=northern+lapwing View more images of Northern Lapwing in the gallery]+
-[[Category:Birds]]+

Current revision

Adult in breeding plumagePhoto  © by nigel pyeCley, Norfolk, 11 May 2006
Adult in breeding plumage
Photo © by nigel pye
Cley, Norfolk, 11 May 2006
Vanellus vanellus

Contents

[edit] Identification

JuvenilePhoto © by G6 UXUClifton Marshes, Lancashire, 17 May 2017
Juvenile
Photo © by G6 UXU
Clifton Marshes, Lancashire, 17 May 2017

28–31 cm (11-12ΒΌ in) Wing span 67-72 cm (26¼-28¼ in)

  • Crest
  • Black bill
  • Pinkish-brown legs
  • Upperparts look black but has green and purplish tints
  • White underparts
  • Black throat and breast
  • Orange-chestnut undertail coverts

Female and Juvenile are similar but have shorter crests

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in Europe, Turkey and northwest Iran through western Russia and Kazakhstan to southern and eastern Siberia, Mongolia and northern China. Winters from Western Europe, Eastern Atlantic islands and North Africa through the Mediterranean, Middle East and Iran across northern India to southeastern China, Korea and southern Japan. Has been recorded on the Azores, Cape Verde Islands and Eastern North America as a vagrant.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Breeds in open country, moors and farmland with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Winters in muddy estuaries and marshes.

[edit] Behaviour

Photo © by Jeff RankinDraycote Water, Warwickshire, UK, November 2008
Photo © by Jeff Rankin
Draycote Water, Warwickshire, UK, November 2008

Highly gregarious forming large winter feeding flocks.

[edit] Action

Slow direct flight with very 'flapping' wings. Aerobatic spring display flights.

[edit] Breeding

Three to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape. They are monogamous during the breeding season and are very protective of their nests, dive-bombing intruders.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of worms, insects and other small invertebrates, including larva and adult beetles, ants, flies and wasps. They like to feed nocturnally on moonlit nights.

[edit] Vocalisation

Fledgling chickPhoto © by G6 UXUClifton Marsh, Preston, Lancashire, 1 June 2018
Fledgling chick
Photo © by G6 UXU
Clifton Marsh, Preston, Lancashire, 1 June 2018

Call: Variations on Pee, Peet and Pee-wit


Listen in an external program

[edit] In Culture

The name "lapwing" derives from the "lapping" sound its wings make, or the flapping flight. Other common names include Peewit and Green Plover

[edit] References

First winter plumagePhoto © by Alok TewariDist. Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, North India, 24 December 2013
First winter plumage
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, North India, 24 December 2013
  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Fitter, R.S.R. (1966). Pocket Guide to British Birds. London: Collins.
  3. Peterson, RT, G Mountfort and PAD Hollom. 1993. Collins Field Guide – Birds of Britain and Europe, 5th Revised edition. London: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 978-0002199001
  4. Grant, P.J., Svensson, L. (1998) Collins Bird Guide: the Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. HarperCollins ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  5. Wiersma, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53792 on 28 March 2019).
  6. Wikipedia contributors. (2019, January 30). Northern lapwing. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 06:44, May 14, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northern_lapwing&oldid=880928862
  7. BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Vanellus vanellus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/03/2019.
  8. Chandler, R. (2009). Shorebirds of North America, Europe, and Asia: A photographic guide. Princeton.

[edit] External Links


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