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Common and widespread over much of the region. Breeds on Sandoy in the Faroes and in most of the British Isles, and from France east to the Urals. In the north found over all of Scandinavia (except the far north) and in Russia north to the White Sea. In the south breeds in central and south-central Spain, patchily in southern France, north Italy, Greece and central Turkey.
Resident in western Europe and in Turkey but summer visitor to remainder of breeding range. In winter found throughout France and Iberia, and on most Mediterranean coasts, in Turkey, Iraq and the Nile Valley.
Fitter, R.S.R. (1966). Pocket Guide to British Birds. London: Collins.
Peterson, RT, G Mountfort and PAD Hollom. 1993. Collins Field Guide ‚Äď Birds of Britain and Europe, 5th Revised edition. London: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 978-0002199001
Grant, P.J., Svensson, L. (1998) Collins Bird Guide: the Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe. HarperCollins ISBN 0 00 219728 6
Wiersma, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53792 on 28 March 2019).