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28ā31 cm (11-12Ā¼ in) Wing span 67-72 cm
Female and Juvenile are similar but have shorter crests
Common and widespread over much of the region. Breeds on Sandoy in the Faroes and in most of the British Isles, and from France east to the Urals. In the north found over all of Scandinavia (except the far north) and in Russia north to the White Sea. In the south breeds in central and south-central Spain, patchily in southern France, north Italy, Greece and central Turkey.
Resident in western Europe and in Turkey but summer visitor to remainder of breeding range. In winter found throughout France and Iberia, and on most Mediterranean coasts, in Turkey, Iraq and the Nile Valley.
Breeds in open country, moors and farmland with short grass, bare soil or in crops, often near freshwater. Winters in muddy estuaries and marshes.
Highly gregarious forming large winter feeding flocks.
Slow direct flight with very 'flapping' wings. Aerobatic spring display flights.
Three to four eggs are laid in a ground scrape.
They are monogamous during the breeding season and are very protective of their nests, dive-bombing intruders.
Their diet consists of worms, insects and other small invertebrates, including larva and adult beetles, ants, flies and wasps. They like to feed nocturnally on moonlit nights.
Call: Variations on Pee, Peet and Pee-wit
Listen in an external program
The name "lapwing" derives from the "lapping" sound its wings make, or the flapping flight.
Other common names include Peewit and Green Plover