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Orange-bellied Leafbird

From Opus

Revision as of 15:31, 22 June 2012 by Wintibird (Talk | contribs)
(diff) ā†Older revision | Current revision (diff) | Newer revisionā†’ (diff)
MalePhoto by NeilHong Kong, China, April 2005
Photo by Neil
Hong Kong, China, April 2005

Alternative names: Hardwicke's Leafbird; Orange-bellied Chloropsis

Chloropsis hardwickii


[edit] Identification

  • Orange-ochre central underparts
  • Olive-green upperparts
  • Extensive black face and throat
  • Purple-blue moustache
  • Ochre wash on crown and sides
  • Dark blue flight feathers and tail

Females with green head and blue moustache. Juveniles are similar to Golden-fronted Leafbird but show some orange-ochre feathers below.

JuvenilePhoto by Dr Manjeet Singh Location: Genting Highlands, Malaysia Click on image for larger version.
Photo by Dr Manjeet Singh
Location: Genting Highlands, Malaysia
Click on image for larger version.

[edit] Distribution

Foothills of the Himalayas and south China to Indochina and the Malay Peninsula.

[edit] Taxonomy

Four subspecies are recognized1:

  • C. h. hardwickii from northern India east to southern China (Tibet, Yunnan), Burma, northwest Thailand and northern Laos
  • C. h. malayana in the uplands of Burma and peninsular Malaysia
  • C. h. melliana in southern China (Guizhou and Guangxi east to Fujian) and Vietnam
  • C. h. lazuliana in the uplands of Hainan

[edit] Habitat

Deciduous to evergreen forest, also secondary growth.

[edit] Behaviour

Its diet includes insects, spiders, fruits and nectar.
Forages usually in the canopy.
They make their nests from roots and fibres which are suspended from the edges of twigs at the end of a tree branch. Lays 2-3 eggs.
A resident species, an altitudinal migrant in the Himalayas and probably in other parts of its range.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2005. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 10: Cuckoo-Shrikes to Thrushes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334726

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