Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Pacific Baza

From Opus

Alternative names: Crested Hawk, Baza, Pacific Cuckoo-Falcon

Photo by Tom TarrantSamsonvale, Queensland, October 2002
Photo by Tom Tarrant
Samsonvale, Queensland, October 2002
Aviceda subcristata

Contents

[edit] Identification

MalePhoto by Hans&Judy BesteGold Coast, Queensland, Australia, September 2013
Male
Photo by Hans&Judy Beste
Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, September 2013

35–46 cm; long tail and prominent crest

  • Grey head, neck and breast
  • White underparts with bold dark banding
  • Short legs
  • Yellow eyes

The female is heavier and browner on the crown than the male.

[edit] Distribution

Northern and eastern Australia, Indo-Malayan peninsula, New Guinea and nearby islands and the Solomon Islands.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

JuvenilePhoto by MzunguSandy Camp Rd Wetlands, Queensland, Australia, January 2018
Juvenile
Photo by Mzungu
Sandy Camp Rd Wetlands, Queensland, Australia, January 2018

There are 13 subspecies[1]:

  • A. s. timorlaoensis: Lesser Sundas and islands off Sulawesi
  • A. s. pallida: Seram Laut (Manawoka and Gorong) and Kai Islands
  • A. s. reinwardtii: South Moluccas (Boano, Seram, Ambon and Haruku)
  • A. s. stresemanni: Buru (central Moluccas)
  • A. s. rufa: Moluccas (Morotai, Halmahera, Ternate, Tidore, Bacan and Obi)
  • A. s. waigeuensis: Waigeo Island (off northern New Guinea)
  • A. s. obscura: Biak Island (off northern New Guinea)
  • A. s. stenozona: Aru Islands and western New Guinea
  • A. s. megala: Eastern New Guinea
  • A. s. coultasi: Admiralty Islands
  • A. s. bismarckii: Bismarck Archipelago
  • A. s. gurneyi: Solomon Islands
  • A. s. subcristata: Northern and eastern Australia

[edit] Habitat

Rain and swamp forests and forest edges, mangroves, grasslands, farmlands and urban areas. They prefer well-watered areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Omnivorous. Their mains diet includes large insects, particularly stick insects and mantids, frogs, lizards and fruit.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is flimsy and flat and made of sticks; it is placed high in the upper leafy branches of a tree. The clutch consists of 2-4 eggs. Both adults brood and feed the chicks.

[edit] Vocalisation

Loud, high pitched "eee-chew." Noisy during breeding season.

[edit] Movements

Mostly sedentary. Extreme southern SE populations in Australia are partly migratory.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Debus, S. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Pacific Baza (Aviceda subcristata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52951 on 6 November 2019).
  3. Birds in Backyards
  4. Global Raptor Information Network. 2019. Species account: Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 6 Nov. 2019
  5. Gregory, P. (2017) Birds of New Guinea, Including Bismarck Archipelago and Boughainville. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

[edit] External Links


Advertisement


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.28030896 seconds with 12 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 11:33.