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Pied Butcherbird

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Revision as of 18:06, 29 September 2010 (edit)
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Current revision (22:35, 16 February 2018) (edit) (undo)
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(Imp sizes. Basic tidy-up. Flight picture. References updated)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
-[[Image:168pibu0302.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|Tom+Tarrant|Tom Tarrant}}<br>Lake Samsonvale, SE Qld, [[Australia]], October 2003]]+[[Image:168pibu0302.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|Tom+Tarrant|Tom Tarrant}}<br />Lake Samsonvale, SE [[Queensland]], [[Australia]], October 2003]]
'''Alternative names: Black-throated Butcherbird; Black-throated Crow-Shrike''' '''Alternative names: Black-throated Butcherbird; Black-throated Crow-Shrike'''
;[[:Category:Cracticus|Cracticus]] nigrogularis ;[[:Category:Cracticus|Cracticus]] nigrogularis
==Identification== ==Identification==
-33cm - 37cm. A fairly large Butcherbird.+[[Image:Pied Butcherbird juvenile.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Juvenile <br />Photo by {{user|tcollins|tcollins}}<br>Kunnunarra WA, [[Australia]], June 2010]]
 +28–32 cm (11-12½ in). A fairly large Butcherbird.
* Full black hood * Full black hood
* Black throat * Black throat
Line 12: Line 13:
* Long, hooked, grey and black bill * Long, hooked, grey and black bill
* Black legs * Black legs
-[[Image:Pied Butcherbird juvenile.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Juvenile <br />Photo by {{user|tcollins|tcollins}}<br>Kunnunarra WA, [[Australia]], June 2010]]+Sexes are identical (females sometimes duller black or blackish-brown), male is slightly larger than the female.<br />
-Sexes are identical plumage (females sometimes duller black or blackish-brown), male is slightly larger than the female. Young Pied Butcherbirds are generally duller than the adults are. The areas of black are replaced with brown and white areas are washed with buff. The birds also have an ill-defined bib, which becomes more distinct with age. +Young Pied Butcherbirds are generally duller than the adults are. The areas of black are replaced with brown and white areas are washed with buff. The birds also have an ill-defined bib, which becomes more distinct with age.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
Only found in [[Australia]].<br /> Only found in [[Australia]].<br />
Locally common. Locally common.
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-Two subspecies recognized:+Forms a [[Dictionary_P-S#S|superspecies]] with [[Tagula Butcherbird]] and [[Hooded Butcherbird]].
-* ''C. n. picatus'' in north and west [[Australia]] east to northwest [[Queensland]], south to south [[Western Australia]] and northwest [[South Australia]]+====Subspecies====
-* ''C. n. nigrogularis'' in east [[Australia]] from north, central and east [[Queensland]] south to east [[South Australia]] and northern [[Victoria]]+[[Image:The pied butcherbird Cracticus nigrogularis 1.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by {{user|peterpeterpumpkineater|David Sergeant}}<br />Maroochydore, [[Queensland]], [[Australia]]]]
-Forms a superspecies with [[Tagula Butcherbird]] and [[Hooded Butcherbird]].+Two subspecies recognized<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
 +* ''C. n. picatus'':
 +:*North and west [[Australia]] east to northwest [[Queensland]], south to south [[Western Australia]] and northwest [[South Australia]]
 +* ''C. n. nigrogularis'':
 +:*East [[Australia]] from north, central and east [[Queensland]] south to east [[South Australia]] and northern [[Victoria]]
 + 
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
Forests and woodlands and often approaches parks and houses. Forests and woodlands and often approaches parks and houses.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
 +====Diet====
Feeds mainly on insects but takes also small vertebrates (like reptiles, mammals, frogs or birds), also some seeds, fruit and nectar.<br /> Feeds mainly on insects but takes also small vertebrates (like reptiles, mammals, frogs or birds), also some seeds, fruit and nectar.<br />
-Forages on the ground after perching from a vantage point.<br />+Forages on the ground after perching from a vantage point.
 +====Breeding====
Breeding season from August to December, sometimes also at other times of the year. The female makes the bowl shaped nest of sticks, twigs, grasses in a tree fork. 2-4 eggs are laid. Breeding season from August to December, sometimes also at other times of the year. The female makes the bowl shaped nest of sticks, twigs, grasses in a tree fork. 2-4 eggs are laid.
-A sedentary species.<br />+====Movements====
 +A sedentary species.
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thDec09}}#{{Ref-HBWVol14}}+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#{{Ref-HBWVol14}}#Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Feb 2018)
{{ref}} {{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Cracticus+nigrogularis}} {{GSearch|Cracticus+nigrogularis}}
-[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Cracticus]]+<br />
 +{{Video|Pied_Butcherbird}}
 + 
 +[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Cracticus]] [[Category:Videos]]

Current revision

Photo by Tom TarrantLake Samsonvale, SE Queensland, Australia, October 2003
Photo by Tom Tarrant
Lake Samsonvale, SE Queensland, Australia, October 2003

Alternative names: Black-throated Butcherbird; Black-throated Crow-Shrike

Cracticus nigrogularis

Contents

[edit] Identification

Juvenile Photo by tcollinsKunnunarra WA, Australia, June 2010
Juvenile
Photo by tcollins
Kunnunarra WA, Australia, June 2010

28–32 cm (11-12½ in). A fairly large Butcherbird.

  • Full black hood
  • Black throat
  • White collar
  • Mostly black upperparts with large patches of white on the wings and rump
  • White rest of underparts
  • Dark brown eye
  • Long, hooked, grey and black bill
  • Black legs

Sexes are identical (females sometimes duller black or blackish-brown), male is slightly larger than the female.
Young Pied Butcherbirds are generally duller than the adults are. The areas of black are replaced with brown and white areas are washed with buff. The birds also have an ill-defined bib, which becomes more distinct with age.

[edit] Distribution

Only found in Australia.
Locally common.

[edit] Taxonomy

Forms a superspecies with Tagula Butcherbird and Hooded Butcherbird.

[edit] Subspecies

Photo by David SergeantMaroochydore, Queensland, Australia
Photo by David Sergeant
Maroochydore, Queensland, Australia

Two subspecies recognized[1]:

  • C. n. picatus:
  • C. n. nigrogularis:

[edit] Habitat

Forests and woodlands and often approaches parks and houses.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds mainly on insects but takes also small vertebrates (like reptiles, mammals, frogs or birds), also some seeds, fruit and nectar.
Forages on the ground after perching from a vantage point.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season from August to December, sometimes also at other times of the year. The female makes the bowl shaped nest of sticks, twigs, grasses in a tree fork. 2-4 eggs are laid.

[edit] Movements

A sedentary species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Feb 2018)

[edit] External Links


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