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22 cm (8Ā¾ in)
Placed in genus Leuconotopicus by Gill and Donsker.
They nest in small colonies in mature pine and pine/oak forests.
Their diet consists of insects, larva and arthropods, particularly ants, beetles, cockroaches, caterpillars, wood-boring insects, and spiders. They also occasionally eat fruit and berries.
Their clutch contains 3-4 small white eggs; the pair are often assisted by helpers. Incubation lasts 10-12 days, with fledging occurring after about 26 days. Only occasionally will a second brood be raised.
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