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Rufous-headed Tanager

From Opus

Revision as of 15:07, 7 November 2018 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(diff) ←Older revision | Current revision (diff) | Newer revision→ (diff)
MalePhoto © by Xyko PaludoCampina Grande do Sul, PR, Brasil, November, 2016
Male
Photo © by Xyko Paludo
Campina Grande do Sul, PR, Brasil, November, 2016
Hemithraupis ruficapilla

Contents

[edit] Identification

13 cm.

[edit] Male

FemalePhoto © by Rodrigo ConteRio de Janeiro, Brasil, February 2016
Female
Photo © by Rodrigo Conte
Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, February 2016
  • Olive-green upperparts
  • Yellow rump
  • Rufous head
  • Yellow behind the ear-coverts
  • Grey underparts
  • Rufous breast
  • Yellow in the centre of the belly

[edit] Female

  • Similar to male but with plain olive-green upperparts and yellow breast
  • Indistinguishable from female Guira Tanager

[edit] Distribution

South America: found only in southeastern Brazil.
A locally fairly common species. The subspecies bahiae is only poorly known.

[edit] Taxonomy

A sister-species to Guira Tanager, hybrids occur in the small contact zone.

[edit] Subspecies

Two subspecies are recognized1:

  • H. r. ruficapilla:
  • South-eastern Brazil (southern Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Santa Catarina)
  • H. r. bahiae:
  • Eastern Brazil (south-eastern Bahia)

The subspecies differ only minimally.

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forests, and montanes. Also in second growth and plantations.
Occurs from sea-level up to c. 1500 m. In the small contact zone with Guira Tanager this species is found in wetter and more densely forested areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds mostly on small arthropods but takes also some fruit.
Usually seen in pairs, families or small groups, often in mixed-species flocks. An active, restless bird, foraging mainly in the canopy and in the upper levels of the forest.

[edit] Breeding

A female carrying nest material into a small hole in a hanging clump of Tillandsia was seen in October. No other information about breeding.

[edit] Movements

This is a resident species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2016)
  3. Arthur Grosset

[edit] External Links

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