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Alternative names: Cinnamon Sparrow; Cinnamon Tree Sparrow; Ruddy Sparrow
14 - 15cm (5Ā½-6 in)
Juveniles are similar to females but duller.
The female resembles the female of House Sparrow but is more brightly marked and has a far more striking supercilium.
Found in Asia in the Himalayas, northern Indochina, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan and north to Sakhalin (Russia). Winters in north Thailand.
Has been considered to form a superspecies or to be conspecific with Somali Sparrow.
Three subspecies recognized:
The proposed subspecies batangensis from Sichuan is usually considered synonymous with intensior.
In the western parts of its range found in open woodland, terrace cultivation around villages and open parts of villages and towns. Occurs at 1000m - 4300m, down to edge of plains in winter.
Feeds on seeds, takes also small berries. Nestlings are fed with caterpillars and grubs.
Breeding season from April to July. A solitary breeder. The nest is an untidy collection of grass, placed in a tree hole or in a hole in a house. In the east of the range also placed in branches of shrub. Lays 4 - 6 eggs.
Birds of the Himalayas spend the winter at lower altitudes, birds from the east are migratory.