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Scaled Antpitta

From Opus

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Grallaria guatimalensis
Subspecies Grallaria guatimalensis princepsPhoto by Glen TepkeSan Gerardo de Dota, Costa Rica, August 2015
Subspecies Grallaria guatimalensis princeps
Photo by Glen Tepke
San Gerardo de Dota, Costa Rica, August 2015


[edit] Identification


  • Grey nape
  • Olive brown crown and upperparts, feathers scaled black
  • Brown throat
  • Cinnamon underparts

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 9 subspecies[1]:

  • G. g. ochraceiventris: Mountains of south-western Mexico (Jalisco to Hidalgo, Guerrero and Morelos)
  • G. g. guatimalensis: Southern Mexico (north-western Veracruz and Oaxaca) to northern Nicaragua
  • G. g. princeps: Subtropical Costa Rica to western Panama (Veraguas)
  • G. g. chocoensis: Mountains of eastern Panama (Dari√©n) and north-western Colombia (Choc√≥)
  • G. g. carmelitae: Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern Colombia) and Sierra de Perij√°
  • G. g. aripoensis: Trinidad
  • G. g. regulus: Andes of Colombia, eastern Ecuador and Peru (south to Cusco)
  • G. g. sororia: Southern Peru (Cusco) to central Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
  • G. g. roraimae: Tepuis of southern Venezuela, adjacent northern Brazil and western Guyana

An additional subspecies binfordi is not recognised by most authorities[2].

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forests and montanes.

[edit] Behaviour


[edit] Breeding

It builds a cup nest of sticks and leaves low in a shrub, into which 2 eggs are laid.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at
  2. Avibase

[edit] External Links


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