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Alternative name: Vermilion-crowned Flycatcher
16cm (6.25"). Medium sized. Short black bill. Olive above; wing coverts and inner remiges edged grayish-white to buffy-white; crown brownish-gray (little contrast with olive back). The semi-concealed central crown patch is vermilion, as suggested by its alternative common name: Vermilion-crowned Flycatcher. The long white eyebrow does not meet on nape. Sides of head dusky-blackish; throat white, rest of underparts bright yellow.
 Similar Species
Similar to the Rusty-margined Flycatcher, but adult Social Flycatcher lacks rufous in the wings, has olive (less brown) back, duller mask, and reddish-orange (not yellow-orange) crown patch. In Panama, Social F has hints of wing bars (vs. not) and paler belly than Rusty-margined F. In some areas, the best way to separate the two species is by listening for different voice. Beware of juvenile Social Flycatcher that has rufous in the primaries, but also has pale edgings to coverts.
Central and South America
River banks, ponds, gardens, pastures and clearings with scattered trees. Often in urban areas.
Often in small groups.
Hawks insects in the air or darts out to snatch them from shrubs, bushes and vegetaion. Also eats seeds, berries and small fruit; will also catch tadpoles in shallow water.
Calls: sharp, harsh teeer or peeeeur, or a sad pe-ah or chee; also a repeated scolding wheer, a chipping wit, and a series of chu notes. Some variation in voice depending on subspecies.
Nest is a rather large structure with side entrance.
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