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Streaked Xenops

From Opus

Xenops rutilans
Photo by Gary Clark Location: Kiri Lodge near Orosi, Costa Rica.
Photo by Gary Clark
Location: Kiri Lodge near Orosi, Costa Rica.



Length: 12cm. Dark brown head, whitish supercilium and malar stripe, brown upperparts, becoming rufous on the tail and rump, buff bar on the darker brown wings, white-streaked olive brown underparts. Short, upturned bill. Sexes are similar.


From Costa Rica south over Panama, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil and Peru to Bolivia and northern Argentina. Also on Trinidad.


Eleven subspecies are recognized:[1]


Wet forests in foothills and mountains between 600-2,200 m altitude.


The diet includes arthropods, and the larvae of wood-boring beetles. Foraging behavior is typical of furnarids - flies to a low position on a branch or tree trunk, and systematically scoots upwards probing for food. It places a few stems and roots in a hole 1.5-4.5 m high in a tree for its nest. 2 white eggs are laid and are incubated by both sexes.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.

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