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Streaked Xenops

From Opus

Xenops rutilans
Photo by Gary Clark  Kiri Lodge near Orosi, Costa Rica
Photo by Gary Clark
Kiri Lodge near Orosi, Costa Rica



Length: 12cm

  • Dark brown head
  • Whitish supercilium
  • Malar stripe
  • Brown upperparts, becoming rufous on the tail and rump
  • Buff bar on the darker brown wings
  • White-streaked olive brown underparts
  • Short, upturned bill

Sexes are similar


From Costa Rica south over Panama, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil and Peru to Bolivia and northern Argentina. Also on Trinidad.



Eleven subspecies are recognized:

  • X. r. septentrionalis: Highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama
  • X. r. heterurus: Eastern Panama to north-eastern Ecuador and Venezuela; winters to Trinidad
  • X. r. incomptus: Eastern Panama (Dari√©n)
  • X. r. perijanus: Sierra de Perij√° (Colombia/Venezuela border)
  • X. r. phelpsi: Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern Colombia)
  • X. r. guayae: Tropical western Ecuador and extreme north-western Peru (Piura)
  • X. r. peruvianus: Tropical eastern Ecuador and eastern Peru
  • X. r. purusianus: Brazil south of the Amazon (Rio Pur√ļs, Madeira and Tapaj√≥s)
  • X. r. connectens: Eastern Bolivia and north-western Argentina
  • X. r. chapadensis: South-western Brazil (Mato Grosso) and northern Bolivia (R√≠o Beni)
  • X. r. rutilans: South-eastern Brazil to eastern Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina


Wet forests in foothills and mountains between 600-2,200 m altitude.



The diet includes arthropods, and the larvae of wood-boring beetles. Foraging behavior is typical of furnarids - flies to a low position on a branch or tree trunk, and systematically scoots upwards probing for food.


It places a few stems and roots in a hole 1.5-4.5 m high in a tree for its nest. The 2 white eggs are incubated by both sexes.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Wikipedia

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