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Swallow-tailed Bee-eater

From Opus

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Revision as of 19:20, 11 September 2011 (edit)
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 +[[Image:12347Bee-eater BF.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Subspecies ''hirundineus''<br />Photo by {{user|Mybs|Mybs}}<br />Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, [[South Africa]] (1,200 km's NW of Cape Town), September 2005]]
;[[:Category: Merops|Merops]] hirundineus ;[[:Category: Merops|Merops]] hirundineus
-[[Image:12347Bee-eater BF.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by Mybs<br />Photo taken: Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, South Africa (1,200 km's NW of Cape Town).]]+ 
==Identification== ==Identification==
-20-22cm. Green, yellow throat, blue gorget and black eye stripe and beak. Sexes are alike.+[[Image:DSC 36451.JPG|thumb|350px|right|Subspecies ''chrysolaimus''<br />Photo by {{user|d.flack|d.flack}}<br />[[Gambia]], March 2018]]
 +23 cm (9 in)
 +*Green upperparts
 +*Blue rump
 +*Black eyestripe with bluish-white lower edge
 +*Yellow throat with blue lower gorget
 +*Green breast
 +*Black beak
 +Sexes are alike.
==Distribution== ==Distribution==
-Sub-Saharan [[Africa]]. +Sub-Saharan [[Africa]]:<br />
 +'''Western Africa''': found in [[Senegambia]], [[Senegal]], [[The Gambia]], [[Guinea-Bissau]], [[Mali]], [[Sierra Leone]], [[Ivory Coast]], [[Burkina Faso]], [[Ghana]], [[Togo]], [[Nigeria]], [[Niger]], [[Chad]], [[Cameroon]], [[Central African Republic]], [[Equatorial Guinea]], [[Gabon]], [[Democratic Republic of Congo]], [[Angola]]<br />
 +'''Eastern Africa''': [[Sudan]], [[South Sudan]], [[Ethiopia]], [[Uganda]], [[Burundi]], [[Tanzania]], [[Zambia]], [[Mozambique]], [[Malawi]]<br />
 +'''Southern Africa''': [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]], [[Zimbabwe]], [[South Africa]], [[KwaZulu-Natal]]
==Taxonomy== ==Taxonomy==
-Four subspecies are recognised. These, with their distributions, are as follows:+Four subspecies are recognised<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
- +*''M. h. chrysolaimus'':
-* ''Merops hirundineus hirundineus'' (Southern Africa: SA north to Angola and Zambia)+:*[[Senegal]] to southern [[Chad]] and north-western [[Central African Republic]]
-* ''M. h. chrysolaimus'' (West Africa: Senegambia to CAR)+*''M. h. heuglini'':
-* ''M. h. heuglini'' (East Africa: Uganda to Ethiopia)+:*[[South Sudan]] and adjacent [[Ethiopia]], [[Uganda]], and [[Democratic Republic of the Congo]]
-* ''M. h. furcatas'' (South-Central Africa: southern DRC and Kenya south to Angola and Mozambique)+*''M. h. furcatus'':
 +:*southern Democratic Republic of the Congo to [[Tanzania]], [[Zambia]], southern [[Zimbabwe]], and [[Mozambique]]
 +*''M. h. hirundineus'':
 +:*[[Angola]] and [[Namibia]] to Zimbabwe and northern [[South Africa]]to Angola and Mozambique)
==Habitat== ==Habitat==
-Savanna woodlands.+Mature savanna woodlands.
==Behaviour== ==Behaviour==
-The diet includes bees, wasps and hornets, which are caught in the air. +====Diet====
- +Their diet consists of bees, wasps, hornets, butterflies and grasshoppers which are caught in the air. They feed and roost communally.
-They nest in sandy banks, or similar flat ground. They make a relatively long tunnel in which the 2 to 4 spherical, white eggs are laid. These birds feed and roost communally.+====Breeding====
 +They nest in sandy banks, or similar flat ground. They make a relatively long tunnel in which the 2 to 4 spherical, white eggs are laid. They nest either alone or with 2 or 3 other pairs in close proximity.
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thAug11}}+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018)
 +{{ref}}
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Merops+hirundineus}} {{GSearch|Merops+hirundineus}}
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Merops]] [[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Merops]]

Revision as of 22:29, 20 April 2018

Subspecies hirundineusPhoto by MybsKgalagadi Transfrontier Park, South Africa (1,200 km's NW of Cape Town), September 2005
Subspecies hirundineus
Photo by Mybs
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, South Africa (1,200 km's NW of Cape Town), September 2005
Merops hirundineus

Contents

Identification

Subspecies chrysolaimusPhoto by d.flackGambia, March 2018
Subspecies chrysolaimus
Photo by d.flack
Gambia, March 2018

23 cm (9 in)

  • Green upperparts
  • Blue rump
  • Black eyestripe with bluish-white lower edge
  • Yellow throat with blue lower gorget
  • Green breast
  • Black beak

Sexes are alike.

Distribution

Sub-Saharan Africa:
Western Africa: found in Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal

Taxonomy

Four subspecies are recognised[1]:

  • M. h. chrysolaimus:
  • M. h. heuglini:
  • M. h. furcatus:
  • M. h. hirundineus:

Habitat

Mature savanna woodlands.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists of bees, wasps, hornets, butterflies and grasshoppers which are caught in the air. They feed and roost communally.

Breeding

They nest in sandy banks, or similar flat ground. They make a relatively long tunnel in which the 2 to 4 spherical, white eggs are laid. They nest either alone or with 2 or 3 other pairs in close proximity.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018)

External Links

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