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White-bridled Finch

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The nest is built of grass, lined with hair or feathers, placed low down in grass or between stones. The clutch consists of 3-4 blue-grey or grey-green eggs with purple-brown markings. The nest is built of grass, lined with hair or feathers, placed low down in grass or between stones. The clutch consists of 3-4 blue-grey or grey-green eggs with purple-brown markings.
==References== ==References==
-#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}} #Avibase+#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#Avibase
-{{Ref-Jaramillo03}} #Jaramillo, A. (2018). White-bridled Finch (''Melanodera melanodera''). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de +#{{Ref-Jaramillo03}}#Jaramillo, A. 2018. White-bridled Finch (''Melanodera melanodera''). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (''eds.''). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62037 on 19 May 2018) #Wikipedia
-Juana, E. (''eds.''). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62037 on 19 May 2018).+
-#Wikipedia+
{{ref}} {{ref}}
 +
==External Links== ==External Links==
{{GSearch|Melanodera_melanodera}} {{GSearch|Melanodera_melanodera}}
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Melanodera]] [[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Melanodera]]

Revision as of 09:26, 22 May 2018

Alternative name: Canary-winged Finch

(Black-throated Finch which has been used for this species is preoccupied by Poephila cincta)

Male, subspecies melanoderaPhoto by saddlerFalkland Islands, September 2004
Male, subspecies melanodera
Photo by saddler
Falkland Islands, September 2004
Melanodera melanodera

Contents

Identification

14-15cm
Male

  • Grey-green upperparts
  • Yellow underparts
  • Grey head and upper breast
  • Black throat and mask bordered with white
  • Yellow patches in the wings and tail
Female, subspecies melanoderaPhoto by cranstallPebble island, Falkland Islands, 2014
Female, subspecies melanodera
Photo by cranstall
Pebble island, Falkland Islands, 2014

Female

  • Brown with darker streaks
  • Yellow outer tail-feathers
  • Yellow fringes to wing feathers.

Juvenile

  • Like female but more heavily streaked
  • Duller bill
  • Rich buff overall

Distribution

South America: found in Falkland Islands, southern Argentina and Chile.

Taxonomy

Not actually a finch, this species is now classified in the tanager family (Thraupidae ).

Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • M. melanodera of the Falkland Islands : larger, reduced yellow on wings, shows the white bridle very well
  • M. princetoniana of southern Argentina and Chile ("Canary-winged Finch"): smaller has highly contrasting yellow wings

Habitat

Juvenile, subspecies melanoderaPhoto by Joseph MorlanGypsy Cove, Port Stanley, Falkland Islands, 3 March 2018.
Juvenile, subspecies melanodera
Photo by Joseph Morlan
Gypsy Cove, Port Stanley, Falkland Islands, 3 March 2018.

Particularly dependent on ungrazed perennial grasses. Also occurs in heathland, farmland or dunes.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes seeds (especially grass) and arthropods. In the Falklands, they also eat sorrel, chickweed and sand cabbage.

Breeding

The nest is built of grass, lined with hair or feathers, placed low down in grass or between stones. The clutch consists of 3-4 blue-grey or grey-green eggs with purple-brown markings.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Jaramillo, A. 2003. Birds of Chile. Princeton & Oxford: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117409
  4. Jaramillo, A. 2018. White-bridled Finch (Melanodera melanodera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62037 on 19 May 2018) #Wikipedia

External Links

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