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20â22 cm (8-8Â¾ in) a large Swift
Subspecies differ mostly in plumage (some are paler) and extent of the white collar.
 Similar Species
Similar to Biscutate Swift (broken white collar) and White-naped Swift (only white nape).
Found in Central America and South America. Found in the Andes from Bolivia to Venezuela, also from Mexico to Panama and in the lowlands of S Brazil and Paraguay. Vagrant in the USA.
Nine subspecies recognized:
Wide range of different habitats but mostly found in montane or submontane areas. Also found in lowlands, eg in Ecuador from 300m up to 4200m! Prefers evergreen forest or scrub and is most scarce over arid regions.
Feeds on various insects, taken in flight. Like other Swifts highly gregarious and often in mixed flocks with other species.
Breeding season differs throughout range and seems to be linked with rainfall. Nests in caves or behind waterfalls, building a disc-shaped pad with vegetable matter hold together with mud. Sometimes no nest is build at all. Lays two eggs.
Partly migratory, varying through range. Some populations are found in the lowlands outside breeding season.
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