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White-throated Kingfisher

From Opus

Revision as of 01:25, 1 April 2012 by Chamith (Talk | contribs)

Alternative names: White-breasted Kingfisher or Smyrna Kingfisher

Halcyon smyrnensis
Photo by NeilLocation: Hong Kong,China, July, 2009
Photo by Neil
Location: Hong Kong,China, July, 2009



28 cm. Bright blue back, wings and tail, chestnut head, shoulders, flanks and lower belly, white throat and breast, bright red bill and legs, in flight large white patches are visible on the blue and black wings. Sexes are similar; juveniles are a duller version of the adult.


Egypt and Turkey east through Middle East and South Asia to the Philippines.


Six subspecies are recognized[1]: smyrnensis, fusca, saturatior, perpulchra, fokiensis, and gularis.


Photo by ChamithLocation: Colombo,Sri Lanka, March, 2012
Photo by Chamith
Location: Colombo,Sri Lanka, March, 2012

Habitats with some trees, not always near water.


The diet includes large insects, rodents, snakes, fish and frogs. It is reputed to eat tired migratory passerine birds like Chiffchaffs where the opportunity arises.

The nest is a 50cm tunnel in an earth bank. 4-7 round white eggs are laid.


  1. Clements, James F. 2007. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2007. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019

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