Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Magnifying the passion for nature. Zeiss Victory Harpia 95. New!

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

White-winged Crossbill

From Opus

Revision as of 20:48, 20 February 2012 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)

Alternative name: Two-barred Crossbill

MalePhoto by Marcel GauthierCharlevoix, Quebec, Canada, August 2008
Photo by Marcel Gauthier
Charlevoix, Quebec, Canada, August 2008
Loxia leucoptera




  • Rich carmine color inclining to crimson
  • Dark reddish-brown feet
  • Dusky-colored feathers and tail
  • Two broad white wing bars
  • Brownish sides


  • Dusky upper parts
  • Yellowish-gray under parts streaked and dusky
  • Wings and tail similar to male, but paler
FemalePhoto by zerb21Van Buren Township, Michigan, USA, January 2009
Photo by zerb21
Van Buren Township, Michigan, USA, January 2009

Resembles female, but under parts are dull yellowish gray, spotted and streaked in dark brown


The nominate subspecies breeds in northern North America from Alaska to eastern Canada and northern USA while subspecies bifasciata breeds in northern Europe and Asia. Winters a little farther south.



There are two subspecies[1]:

  • L. l. bifasciata:
  • Coniferous forests of northern Eurasia
  • L. l. leucoptera:
JuvenilePhoto by AlanRFair Isle, August 2008
Photo by AlanR
Fair Isle, August 2008


Almost entirely spruce forests.


This is one of several species of Crossbills and other birds that exhibit eruptive behavior: they may be resident for several years in a breeding area but are then induced by unfavorable environmental factors to migrate in numbers to areas in which they otherwise are absent.


The diet includes pine nuts extracted from cones using their bill adapted for prying.


  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at

External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.22419810 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 06:08.