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  1. Eastern Bluebird

    Eastern Bluebird

    This is a male. Females are much duller. Note the sharp contrast between the chestnut flanks the white vent characteristic of the widespread nominate race "S. s. sialis". This species declined throughout most of its range because of competition from introduced European Starlings and House...
  2. Black-throated Green Warbler

    Black-throated Green Warbler

    This adult male was singing. Females are similar but have a white throat. This migratory species breeds fairly close in eastern Ohio and Michigan. Note the yellowish wash on its underparts. This is the easternmost representative of a quartet of closely related warblers including Townsend’s...
  3. Blackpoll Warbler

    Blackpoll Warbler

    This is a male in breeding (alternate) plumage. This species has one of the longest non-stop migration of any song bird. Most of the population migrates over the Atlantic Ocean from Canada and New England to South America and back again in the spring. Notice the pink legs and feet. Formerly...
  4. jmorlan

    Quiz Bird - Pacifica, California, USA

    Photo taken yesterday. 26 June 2022.
  5. Black-capped Chickadee

    Black-capped Chickadee

    The common chickadee in much of the northern US and Canada, this is presumably the nominate race "P. a. atricapillus." In fresh plumage they show buffy sides and flanks, but by spring this color may fade and wear off as seen here. Note the ragged demarcation to the black bib helping distinguish...
  6. Purple Martin

    Purple Martin

    I was struck by the size of the gape of this female (or immature male). Adult males are solid blue. This is presumably the widespread Eastern subspecies "P. s. subis" characterized by the female's darker belly and forehead. These large swallows frequently nest in martin houses designed for...
  7. Scarlet Tanager

    Scarlet Tanager

    This is a female showing olive-yellow contrasting with darker wings. Breeding males are a brilliant scarlet red with black wings and tail. This species breeds in deciduous forests in Eastern North America and winters in South America. This one appeared to be carrying nesting material. Not...
  8. Eastern Red Bat (Lasiurus borealis)

    Eastern Red Bat (Lasiurus borealis)

    This migratory species was an unexpected surprise and the first I have ever seen. It was hanging upside down in the open on a tree limb. From a distance it looked like a dead leaf. Note the distinctive white shoulder patches. I believe this is a male. Females are usually duller with more frosty...
  9. Philadelphia Vireo

    Philadelphia Vireo

    Easily confused with the much more common Warbling Vireo from which it can be distinguished by Philadelphia Vireo having yellow extending up onto the throat. Note also the yellow on the breast is brightest in the middle and the black line through the lores. This species is a migrant in Ohio...
  10. Solitary Sandpiper

    Solitary Sandpiper

    A fairly common migrant in Eastern North America. They avoid salt or brackish water and prefers fresh water or sewer ponds. This individual lived up to its name, by being the only shorebird in this flooded ditch and was actually the only one we saw on our recent visit to Ohio. Two subspecies are...
  11. Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta)

    Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta)

    The Painted Turtle is the most widespread native turtle in North America. Its name comes from the bright yellow and red markings as seen here. Three or four regionally based subspecies are recognized. This one is the Midland race "C. p. marginata" characterized by a shadow mark on its plastron.
  12. Eastern Wood-Pewee

    Eastern Wood-Pewee

    This cryptic species replaces the almost identical Western Wood-Pewee in Eastern North America. Other than range, they can be distinguished by a combination of song and calls which are distinctly different between the two. The throat, lower mandible and underwing coverts usually average paler...
  13. Black-throated BlueWarbler

    Black-throated BlueWarbler

    This male is presumably the more northerly nominate subspecies "S. c. caerulescens" lacking the black dorsal streaking of more southerly breeders. They have always been one of my favorite birds. Before I was old enough to own binoculars, these low foraging warblers sometimes gave me...
  14. Yellow-headed Blackbird

    Yellow-headed Blackbird

    This is an adult male; one of two being seen in the area around the parking lot. This iconic species is normally a scarce migrant to Ohio from breeding areas in wetlands of the interior Prairie regions east to Indiana. However small isolated breeding has been noted in NW Ohio and adjacent SE...
  15. Eastern Screech-Owl

    Eastern Screech-Owl

    This small widespread owl occurs in two distinct color morphs. The most common is gray but some such as this are reddish in color. This is the first red morph screech-owl that I have seen. This is the nominate race "M. a. asio" in which about a third of the adults are red morph. Formerly...
  16. Rose-breasted Grosbeak

    Rose-breasted Grosbeak

    This looks like an adult male, but notice the brownish, worn patches on its wings and tail suggesting retained juvenile feathers. If so, this bird would have been hatched in 2021.
  17. Common NIghthawk

    Common NIghthawk

    The white patch on the lower edge of the wing helps identify this cryptic species. Not actually a hawk, and not strictly nocturnal, they often roost on limbs during the day. But in the evening they come out to capture moths and other night-flying insects in mid-air where the white patches on...
  18. Common Grackle

    Common Grackle

    These large blackbirds are fairly common breeders in the area. Note the pale eyes. Males and females are similar, but males, such as this are slightly brighter and have longer tails. This is the more western "Bronzed" subspecies Q. q. versicolor in which the back is a brassy bronze-green...
  19. Yellow Warbler

    Yellow Warbler

    This male in alternate (breeding) plumage shows diagnostic chestnut streaking. The yellow underside to the tail is also a good field mark. This was by far the most common warbler on our visit to Ohio and we found a couple of active nests. Birds breeding in Ohio are the race "S. p. aestiva" a...
  20. Tree Swallow

    Tree Swallow

    This is probably an adult male. Females are similar but usually duller and more greenish on the back, but some older females are indistinguishable from males. Note the black mask in front of the eye. This species is widespread and abundant in North America and was by far the most common...
  21. Tennessee Warbler

    Tennessee Warbler

    This is an adult male. Females are similar but usually less crisply patterned and tend to have more yellow on the chest. Note the fine pointed bill which is sometimes used to steal nectar from flowers by piercing the base of the flower. Formerly in the genus "Vermivora" it was moved to...
  22. Prothonotary Warbler

    Prothonotary Warbler

    This species has increased markedly since our last visit some 15 years ago. The Prothonotary Warbler figured in the espionage trial of accused Soviet Spy, Alger Hiss who admitted seeing this species along the Potomac River during his trial. This small detail had been provided by his accuser...
  23. Northern Parula

    Northern Parula

    This one is showing the chestnut breast band typical of adult males. Formerly included with the Tropical Parula in the genus "Parula," both were moved to the genus "Setophaga" in 2011 (52nd AOU Check-List Supplement). Although based on genetics, this decision loses the distinctiveness of these...
  24. Magnolia Warbler

    Magnolia Warbler

    This is an adult male showing a necklace of strong black streaks across the chest. Note also the black tipped tail with sharply defined white base, a unique feature for this bird. Although this species was a common migrant in the area, they seldom sat still for photos. This species was...
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