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  1. S

    Pied or White Wagtail

    Impossible to say for the juvenile bird, but the adult looks like a fairly normal White Wagtail to me.
  2. S

    Which Warbler 01? Iran, Kermanshah, June 2022

    This is an Iduna warbler, either Eastern Olivaceous or a worn Upcher's. The short P1 suggests the latter.
  3. S

    Which Warbler? Iran, Kordestan, May 2022

    Upcher's is correct.
  4. S

    Two Warblers, Armenia

    Last two photos show an Upcher's Warbler indeed (and 1-4 E. Olivaceous Warbler).
  5. S

    Gull ID query

    The first bird looks OK for a Thayer's Gull moulting into second winter plumage, in my opinion.
  6. S

    Oman non-breeding Terns (also Gull-billed & Bridled) -- Masirah Island & Musandam

    The head pattern, which is essentially the same as that of the other terns around it as confirmed by the additional photos in post #5 (encircled red), rules out Bridled/Sooty, as does the prominent white fringe on at least one tertial. See also the suggestion of pale grey upper mantle in these...
  7. S

    Roseate or Common Tern (Fort de Soto, Florida)

    As Steve Clifton wrote, both of these birds are Forster's Terns, for the reasons he outlined. Nothing to add really, other than that the white spotting on the crown of these birds reaches further back towards the nape than what is usually seen in moulting Common Tern and that the base of the...
  8. S

    Terns in Mexico, today

    Both birds are Forster's Terns. In addition to bill shape, note, in the left hand bird, the pale, spotted crown against black eye mask. In the central, closer bird, note the white underparts, broad and jagged white loral area, and strong grey wash on the tail. I think we can even see the...
  9. S

    Gulls from Galapagos

    I'm fine with Franklin's Gull for those first two, Harry. Broad white edges to lower tertials are fairly typical, as is the complete lack of any moulted wing coverts on this date. Note, in the first bird, also the bit of orange colour admixed on the legs. Some 1c Franklin's even show...
  10. S

    Flava wagtail race or hybrid?

    Why not just a 1st-summer flava? They often have a partly whitish throat. The worn, brown primaries indicate that this bird is a 1st summer indeed.
  11. S

    Gull - Cape Cod MA

    Numerous features, e.g. the distinct colour difference between the upperparts and the greater coverts (bluish-grey versus whitish), black outer primaries, isolated blackish spots on inner primaries (continuous in Bonaparte's), prominent white trailing edge to the secondaries, pale brown colour...
  12. S

    Gull - Cape Cod MA

    It is a Ring-billed Gull though.
  13. S

    Pipit species in Cyprus

    I'never seen a coutellii with lores as pale as in post #1, Brian. The examples you have posted all appear to show a lore that is darker than the supercilium above it.
  14. S

    Pipit species in Cyprus

    I am a bit confused about which of the photos posted here are being questioned an which have truly been solved, but surely the photo in post #1 shows a (Siberian) Buff-bellied Pipit and not coutellii Water Pipit, with such a pale lore (as pale as the supercilium), complete eyering, long, bold...
  15. S

    Gulls - Somerset, UK

    Ring-billed Gull indeed in posts #7, 6 and 1.1-1.2.
  16. S

    Red or Black Kite? (Istanbul/Turkey)

    If you mean the Collins Bird Guide, it defines 'fingers' as "the spread tips of the outermost long primaries on broad-winged, soaring birds, e.g. eagles, storks, cranes" (page 10), which comes down to exactly the same as what is meant by Forsman, since the outermost primaries of eagles, storks...
  17. S

    Red or Black Kite? (Istanbul/Turkey)

    Just saying that if "people are giving their own definition" to a certain feature (post 27), I don't think that renders the feature useless. I think people (in general) then need to look up the definition and apply it correctly. Sorry if that sounds elitist. I guess Alex is right to start every...
  18. S

    Red or Black Kite? (Istanbul/Turkey)

    Interpreting the wing formula of a bird is an art in itself. One has to take into account the moult stage of the bird, its plumage state, the angle to the camera etc. Yet, it is a very important feature that has clinched the identification of many a vagrant. Before you say "the feature is...
  19. S

    Red or Black Kite? (Istanbul/Turkey)

    Can we see some examples of such Red Kites that appear to show 6 fingers please?
  20. S

    some gulls... Norfolk, UK

    Both the first and third bird are 3rd cycle, judging from the colour and pattern of the inner primaries.
  21. S

    Ring-billed gull - Bulgaria

    I have not quantified this myself; I think it is quite rare, though I guess it may vary according to the climate in the wintering range. Also, no doubt that the more you go looking for such birds, the more you'll find them. I have attached an example from my series of Common Gull photos...
  22. S

    Ring-billed gull - Bulgaria

    Sorry to ruin the fiesta, but I feel pretty sure that this is a Common Gull. Variation in this species is not to be underestimated, especially when you take into account not just ssp. canus but also heinei. The bill shape of this bird, with a long, pointed tip, fits Common much better than...
  23. S

    Gull help needed

    There is actually no proof that ANY American gull has ever successfully bred (i.e. reproduced) in Europe...
  24. S

    Slaty-backed Gull? Hong Kong, Jan 2022

    Yes, sorry for the hurried reply. The bird is either a (1st-cycle) Mongolian gull or a pale Vega gull resembling Mongolian. The barred greater coverts, showing even a slightly stronger pattern than the median coverts, are a big clue; in Slaty-backed, the median coverts contrast darker against...
  25. S

    Slaty-backed Gull? Hong Kong, Jan 2022

    I don't see any Slaty-backed Gull here; not in the posted photograph nor in the link to the Macaulay Library...