Thanks so much for all your research into this Andy. It's very much appreciated.
It would appear I'm safe enough to label the picture as a flammaxillaris then, which is a bit of a relief!
Good luck with finding some ladies to study when you next visit Langkawi;)
I did wonder that John, but usually Clements will say "and adj islands", hence I checked Avibase, who make no mention of Lankawi in the range. They also have acceess to check-lists for the different areas. They have one for Lankawi, based on the Howard & Moore List, but that doesn't give me the...
Is anyone able to help with the subspecies for this individual from Langkawi: https://www.birdforum.net/gallery/showphoto.php?photo=614886
I'm at the moment presuming C. j. flammaxillaris, however both Clements and IOC only mention Malay peninsula, not this island.
I checked in Avibase, but...