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|Thursday 6th December 2018, 20:24||#1|
Join Date: Feb 2010
Ducula tihonireasini n.sp.
Stanislas Rigal, Patrick V. Kirch, and Trevor H. Worthy, 2018
New prehistoric avifaunas from the Gambier Group, French Polynesia
Palaeontologia Electronica. 21 (3): Article number 21.3.43. doi:10.26879/892
Abstract and free pdf: https://palaeo-electronica.org/conte...ssil-avifaunas
This paper analyses 647 bird bones identifiable at least to family-level collected from archaeological sites in 2005, 2012 and 2014 by P. Kirch, in the Gambier Group, French Polynesia. The bones derive from Onemea Site (TAR-6) on Taravai Island, Nenega-Iti Rock Shelter (AGA-3) on Agakauitai Island and Kitchen Cave (KAM-1) on Kamaka Island. Eighteen bird species, four newly recorded in this archipelago, are represented among the bones from archaeological layers dating from human arrival in the tenth century to the late pre-European contact period in the early nineteeth century. They reveal that the original avifauna from the Gambier Group minimally included 37 species. These include six now extinct taxa, a species of Pseudobulweria petrel, two columbids (Bountyphaps obsoleta, Ducula tihonireasini n.sp. described herein) and three other land birds that were recorded historically. Minimally, a further six species have been extirpated from the Gambier Group. These archaeological avifaunas are strongly dominated by seabirds (89.4% Minimum Number Individuals) but differences in species representation and dominance suggest the composition of breeding seabird faunas differed between islands. Columbidae were the dominant land birds (58.9% MNI), although no species of this family currently exist on this archipelago.
|Friday 7th December 2018, 07:57||#3|
Join Date: Feb 2010
Order GALLIFORMES Temminck, 1820
Family PHASIANIDAE Horsfield, 1821
Genus GALLUS Brisson, 1760
Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758), Red Junglefowl
Order COLUMBIFORMES Latham, 1790
Family COLUMBIDAE Illiger, 1811
Genus BOUNTYPHAPS Worthy and Wragg, 2008
Bountyphaps sp. cf. B. obsoleta Worthy and Wragg, 2008
Genus DUCULA Hodgson, 1836
Ducula tihonireasini nov. sp.
NMNZ S.47667, field number TAR6-TP02-II-5-20, right tarsometatarsus, broken through the foramen distale and lacking all trochleae, collected by P. Kirch et al., 19 August 2003.
Layer II, level 5, test pit 2, Onemea Dune Site (190-12-TAR-6), Taravai Island, Gambier Group, French Polynesia (Conte and Kirch, 2004; Kirch et al., 2010).
NMNZ S.47668, field number TAR6-TP11-3-19AC, dR tibiotarsus (Figure 3.5-3.8), collected by P. Kirch et al. August 2005. Paratype Locality Layer II, level 3, test pit 11, Onemea Dune Site (190-12-TAR-6), Taravai Island, Gambier Group, French Polynesia (Kirch et al., 2010).
The species is named after the late Tihoni Reasin, who was the owner of Kamaka Island. Tihoni, as a 14-year old, worked with Roger Green in the first excavation of Kitchen Cave. He then greatly assisted PV Kirch and his team in all of their field trips to Mangareva, and especially during the 2012 and 2014 re-excavations at Kitchen Cave, when he hosted them on Kamaka.
An archaeological deposit deposited between AD 950 and AD 1350 (Kirch et al., 2010).
Onemea Dune Site (190-12-TAR-6). Total, including types, NISP= 6; MNI = 3. Layer II: TAR6-TP02-II-5-20, pL fem; TAR6-TP11-II-2-9A-D, L metatarsal. Both specimens were in the same layer and in the same (TP2 – holotype) or adjacent (TP11-paratype) excavated units as the type material. Layer II: TAR6-TP05-II-6-55A-H, sR tt, which overlaps the shaft area preserved in the paratype NMNZ S.47668, is from a second individual, (Total Layer II, including types, NISP= 5; MNI = 2). Layer III: TAR6-TP02-II-8-33-F, L manus phalanx
II.1 (Total NISP= 1; MNI = 1).
|Friday 7th December 2018, 08:14||#4|
Join Date: Feb 2010
Genus PTILINOPUS Swainson, 1825
Ptilinopus sp. indet., indeterminate fruit dove
COLUMBIDAE genus et sp. indet.
Order PHAETHONTIFORMES Sharpe, 1891
Family PHAETHONTIDAE Brandt, 1840
Genus PHAETHON Linnaeus, 1758
Phaethon lepturus Daudin, 1802, White-tailed Tropicbird
Phaethon rubricauda Boddaert, 1783 Red-tailed Tropicbird
Order PROCELLARIIFORMES Fürbringer, 1888
Family PROCELLARIIDAE Leach 1820
Genus PSEUDOBULWERIA Mathews, 1936
Pseudobulweria sp. indet.
Genus PTERODROMA Bonaparte, 1856
Pterodroma magn. P. heraldica (Salvin, 1888), Herald Petrel
Pterodroma magn. P. leucoptera (Gould, 1844), White-winged Petrel
Pterodroma sp. indet.
Genus PUFFINUS Brisson, 1760
Puffinus magn. P. bailloni Bonaparte, 1857, Tropical Shearwater
Puffinus nativitatis Streets, 1877, Christmas Shearwater
Puffinus sp. Indet.
Genus ARDENNA Reichenbach, 1853
Ardenna pacifica (Gmelin, 1789), Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Procellariidae genus indet.
Family OCEANITIDAE Salvin, 1896
Genus NESOFREGETTA Mathews, 1912
Nesofregetta fuliginosa (Gmelin, 1789), Polynesian Storm-Petrel
Order PELECANIFORMES Sharpe, 1891
Family ARDEIDAE Leach, 1820
Genus EGRETTA T. Forster, 1817
Egretta sacra (Gmelin, 1789), Pacific Reef Egret
Family FREGATIDAE Degland & Gerbe, 1867
Genus FREGATA Lacépède, 1799
Fregata ariel (Gray, 1845), Lesser Frigatebird
Fregata minor (Gmelin, 1789), Great Frigatebird
Order CHARADRIIFORMES Huxley, 1867
Family LARIDAE Rafinesque, 1815
Genus GYGIS Wagler, 1832
Gygis alba (Sparrman, 1786), White Tern
Laridae magn. Procelsterna cerulea (Bennett, 1840), Blue Noddy
|Saturday 8th December 2018, 22:23||#5|
Join Date: Oct 2012
Location: Stockholm, Sweden
Some additional info regarding the commemorated Mr Tihoni Reasin (c.1945–2017) ...
Last edited by Calalp : Sunday 9th December 2018 at 14:39. Reason: added link
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