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ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.


  1. S

    Cuckoo-Finch in northern Botswana June.2024 ?

  2. Stephen Powell

    ID help needed weaver Botswana, Africa

    This was taken at Elephants Sands Lodge, Central District Botswana. June 2018. I would appreciate some help in cleaning up some unidentified birds. please! Thanks in anticipation.
  3. Lesser Swamp Warbler

    Lesser Swamp Warbler

    Sometimes called "Cape Reed Warbler" members of the genus "Acrocephalus" are notoriously tricky to identify. We originally misidentified this bird as a Greater Swamp Warbler but I sent the photos to various experts who were unanimous in their opinions that it was a Lesser. Greater has a rather...
  4. Nile Monitor (Varanus niloticus)

    Nile Monitor (Varanus niloticus)

    Sometimes called "African small-grain lizard," this large semiaquatic lizard has been introduced into parts of Florida where it is considered an invasive pest. In their native Africa, some of the subpopulations have been recognized as potential species, but more research is needed. Their diet is...
  5. Meves's Starling

    Meves's Starling

    Sometimes called "Meves's Glossy Starling." A rather large, iridescent glossy starling with a very long and graduated tail. They usually have blue and purple iridescence but this one shows a lot of bronze on its belly. Compare with Burchell's Starling which has a shorter tail and longer wings...
  6. Coppery-tailed Coucal

    Coppery-tailed Coucal

    These large short-legged, huge prehistoric-looking members of the cuckoo family like to spread their feathers while sunning as seen here. They are rather shy and we only saw this species once. With its long tail it reminds me of a pheasant. They are weak flyers and clambers around in trees and...
  7. African Barred Owlet

    African Barred Owlet

    A member of the bar-fronted group, this is "G. c. ngamiense" characterized by small size, brown head with small white bars (not spots), and facial disc with broad white bars. A recent study suggested that this group may be a distinct species based on morphology, geographical distribution...
  8. Yellow-billed Oxpecker

    Yellow-billed Oxpecker

    Of the two species of Oxpecker, this was much less common than the Red-billed. We only saw three Yellow-billed vs. 20 of the Red-billed. Although still classified as "least concern" by IUCN, I understand that this species has declined because of arachnivides used on cattle to control ticks and...
  9. Water Thick-knee

    Water Thick-knee

    This species is more closely associated with water than other thick-knees and also more active during the day. Its streaked gray wing panel distinguishes it from the more widespread Spotted Thick-knee (B. capensis). Thick-knees are in their own family, the Burhinidae. They are rather large...
  10. Squacco Heron

    Squacco Heron

    Hiding in the reeds, this small compact heron reminds me of a heavily pigmented Cattle Egret. When they fly they transform into a mostly white bird with all white wings and belly. They are resident in Africa, but migratory in southern Europe and Asia.
  11. African Sacred Ibis

    African Sacred Ibis

    Historically, this species was abundant in Egypt, where millions were mummified as offerings to the god Thoth. By the end of the 19th century they had completely disappeared from Egypt. This is an adult with unfeathered all black head and neck. Formerly lumped with the Black-headed Ibis ("T...
  12. Pel's Fishing-Owl

    Pel's Fishing-Owl

    One of these iconic fishing owls was on the grounds of the lodge, but the local guide was unable to locate it for us. So he took us on a rather long boat ride to another stake-out which was successful. This is a large, round-headed, ginger colored owl saturated with dusky markings. They are...
  13. Long-crested Eagle

    Long-crested Eagle

    The spectacular crest often blows in the breeze. Seemingly all dark when perched, large white patches appear in the wings when in flight. This unique bird is the only member of the genus "Lophaetus." Some authors place this species in the genus "Spizaetus," a name now reserved for a group of...
  14. Hamerkop


    The worn tips to the wing coverts suggest that this is an adult. Endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, this species is the sole member of the family Scopidae. It appears to be related to the herons, but has odd features suggesting affinities with storks, flamingoes and even plovers. It is said to build...
  15. African Stonechat

    African Stonechat

    This is a male. The former Stonechat (Saxicola torquatus) has been split into three species, European Stonechat (Saxicola rubicola), Siberian Stonechat (Saxicola maurus), and African Stonechat (Saxicola torquatus), based on a series of phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequence data. Within the...
  16. African Skimmer

    African Skimmer

    Skimmers are in their own family, the Rynchopidae characterized by their lower mandible being noticeably longer than the upper and having the upper mandible attached to the skull by a hinge. They are largely nocturnal and have "cat's eyes" in which the pupil closes into a slit; unique among...
  17. African Fish-Eagle

    African Fish-Eagle

    An iconic, distinctive, chestnut-and-white eagle sitting majestically on a perch along the river. They were fairly common here in the Okavango. This is an adult. As in many raptors, females are larger than males.
  18. African Darter

    African Darter

    Darters tend to swim with their whole body underwater, often exposing their snake-like neck, thus the name "Snakebird." This is the nominate race which ranges south of the Sahara.
  19. Gabon Boubou

    Gabon Boubou

    Not a true shrike, but a member of the Bush-shrike family. This is the race "Laniarius bicolor sticturus" sometimes called the Okavango Boubou. It is characterized by having white on outer edges of innermost three secondaries forming a long white wing-stripe. In Southern Africa this species...
  20. Southern Bushbuck (Tragelaphus sylvaticus)

    Southern Bushbuck (Tragelaphus sylvaticus)

    Proposed as a separate species this race is often called Chobe Bushbuck (T. s. ornatus). Sometimes called "Cape Bushbuck," they are said to be the smallest of the spiral-horned antelope. They are largely nocturnal making them particularly difficult to see. This is a male. Females lack the short...
  21. Lesser Honeyguide

    Lesser Honeyguide

    Called Honeyguides because their calls leads mammals to the hives of honeybees, but Lesser Honeyguide is an exception. It does not lead predators to bees, but instead eats the honey, honeycombs and beeswax itself. This species is also a notorious brood parasite, laying its eggs in the nests of...
  22. Holub's Golden-Weaver

    Holub's Golden-Weaver

    Wet from bathing, this weaver may be identified from similar species by its large size, heavy black bill and pale eyes. The orange color on its throat suggests this one is an adult male.
  23. Green Woodhoopoe

    Green Woodhoopoe

    They usually forage in trees, but this one was picking between the path flagstones at our lodge. They are astonishing looking, long tailed birds with flickering iridescent plumage that varies with the light. Woodhoopoes are in their own family, the Phoeniculidae. This is an adult. Immatures...
  24. Crested Barbet

    Crested Barbet

    An adult based on its pale bill and likely a female by its muted red colors. A distinctive fairly common forest species which appears to be expanding its range Of the two subspecies, this one is the slightly larger and darker nominate "T. v. vaillantii."
  25. Common Bulbul

    Common Bulbul

    Distinguished from the similar Black-fronted Bulbul by its brown, not red eyes. Both species overlap in this area. This species is sometimes called "Black-eyed Bulbul" and they can become habituated to humans and reportedly steal food from safari lodge dining areas. This is the dark subspecies...