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Alaudidae (1 Viewer)

Richard Klim

-------------------------
Alström, Barnes, Olsson, Barker, Bloomer, Khang, Qureshi, Guillaumet, Crochet & Ryan (in press). Multilocus phylogeny of the avian family Alaudidae (larks) reveals complex morphological evolution, non-monophyletic genera and hidden species diversity. Mol Phylogenet Evol. [abstract]

Generic-level implications...
  • Pseudalaemon > Spizocorys
  • Melanocorypha leucoptera > Alauda
  • Calandrella rufescens, C cheleensis, C raytal, C athensis > Alaudala Horsfield & Moore, 1856
  • Mirafra hova > Eremopterix
 
Last edited:

Peter Kovalik

Well-known member
Slovakia
TiF

Alström, Barnes, Olsson, Barker, Bloomer, Khang, Qureshi, Guillaumet, Crochet & Ryan (in press). Multilocus phylogeny of the avian family Alaudidae (larks) reveals complex morphological evolution, non-monophyletic genera and hidden species diversity. Mol Phylogenet Evol. [abstract]

Generic-level implications...
  • Pseudalaemon > Spizocorys
  • Melanocorypha leucoptera > Alauda
  • Calandrella rufescens, C cheleensis, C raytal, C athensis > Alaudala Horsfield & Moore, 1856
  • Mirafra hova > Eremopterix

June 22 TiF Update
 

gusasp

Well-known member
Few groups of birds show the same level of disagreement between taxonomy based on morphology and phylogenetic relationships as inferred from DNA sequences.

Certainly true. This must be one of the most mind boggling outcomes of a phylogenetic study yet, up there with the Cinnamon Ibon and Hylocitrea albeit on a genus level.

As usual on a closer look, the new relationships are more intuitive than I first thought. I think there's a psychological effect in here somewhere. If I think two specific species are related, I focus on (and all the bird guides focus on) what's similar, not the differences. In Collins, the Greater and Lesser Short-toed Larks are even painted in a similar stance. Then a new study comes along that reveals new relationships. Suddenly the differences appear in front of you, as do the "new" similarities.

For example, Horned Larks and Greater Short-toed Larks do have similar songs. I can also buy the White-winged Lark being an Alauda (superficially similar Mongolian Larks are a lot more Melanocorypha-like in structure and appearance) and also Madagascan Lark in Eremopterix.

But I have a really hard time accepting the new placement of Dupont's Lark. As sister to Dunn's Lark and part of a clade containing Melanocorypha and Alaudala (Lesser Short-toed Larks and allies). The song is different, the structure, behavior, everything. Previous studies have Dupont's Lark basal, probably sister to Alaemon. Those of you who have access to Ahlström et al (2013), how robust is this new placement? Surely it must be an error?
 

Richard Klim

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Chersophilus & Eremalauda

But I have a really hard time accepting the new placement of Dupont's Lark. As sister to Dunn's Lark and part of a clade containing Melanocorypha and Alaudala (Lesser Short-toed Larks and allies). The song is different, the structure, behavior, everything. Previous studies have Dupont's Lark basal, probably sister to Alaemon. Those of you who have access to Ahlström et al (2013), how robust is this new placement? Surely it must be an error?
Alström et al...
Within clade A1, the unexpected sister relationships between the two monotypic genera Chersophilus and Eremalauda (A1b) and between this clade and the Calandrella rufescens–cheleensis–raytal–athensis complex (A1a) are well supported by the data. The strongly supported sister relationship between the Calandrella cinerea–brachydactyla–acutirostris complex (A1d) and Eremophila (A1e) is equally surprising. All of these relationships are recovered in SLAs of two unlinked loci and are not contradicted by any other SLAs, and the A1d + A1e clade also receives support from an indel in the ODC alignment. Accordingly, these relationships all seem robust. Eremalauda dunni often has been placed in Ammomanes (Meinertzhagen, 1951; Pätzold, 2003; Peters, 1960; Wolters, 1979 [subgenus Eremalauda]), but a close relationship with the type species of this genus (A. cinctura; clade C1b) is strongly refuted by the present study. Meinertzhagen’s (1951) placement of Chersophilus in Certhilauda (together with e.g. Alaemon and Chersomanes), based on especially bill structure and behaviour, is strongly rejected by our data.
...
The similarities in size, structure and plumage between the two distantly related clades of traditional Calandrella (here recognised as Calandrella and Alaudala; cf. de Juana et al., 2004; Fig. 3) are likely the result of either retained plesiomorphies or parallel evolution. The similarity between the north African/west Asian Eremalauda dunni and Afrotropical Spizocorys starki, between the Western Palearctic Chersophilus and Afrotropical Certhilauda, and between the north African/west Asian Ammomanes and Afrotropical Ammomanopsis (cf. de Juana et al., 2004; Fig. 3) provide examples of close morphological similarity evolving independently in similar environments. In contrast, the dissimilarity between Ammomanopsis and its closest relatives, Chersomanes and Certhilauda, suggests strong divergence in the former.
The sister relationship between the genera Calandrella (as redefined here) and Eremophila suggests remarkable plumage divergence in the latter lineage (which is one of the most aberrant of all larks; cf. de Juana et al., 2004 and Fig. 3). Similarly, the close relationship between Alaudala (as redefined here; clade A1a) and the two monotypic genera Eremalauda and Chersophilus reveal extraordinary changes in both structure (especially bill) and plumage among sister taxa (cf. de Juana et al., 2004; Fig. 3). Meinertzhagen’s (1951) inappropriate placement of Chersophilus, Pseudalaemon, Calendulauda, Alaemon, Chersomanes and Certhilauda in one genus based on bill structure and behaviour (notably strong digging with the bill when feeding, and fast running) is a striking example of a misclassification caused by the strong lability and adaptability of bill morphology in larks.
 

Melanie

Well-known member
Archer's Lark vs Sidamo (Liben) Lark

As the Sidamo Lark is now treated as possibly conspecific with the Archer's Lark it would be interesting to know how the IOC will be treat both taxa in the future.

See also this article


Journal of Ornithology
July 2013, Volume 154, Issue 3, pp 813-825
Rediscovery of a long-lost lark reveals the conspecificity of endangered Heteromirafra populations in the Horn of Africa

Claire N. Spottiswoode, Urban Olsson, Michael S. L. Mills, Callan Cohen, Julian E. Francis, Negussie Toye, David Hoddinott, Abiy Dagne, Chris Wood, Paul F. Donald

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10336-013-0948-1
 

Peter Kovalik

Well-known member
Slovakia
As the Sidamo Lark is now treated as possibly conspecific with the Archer's Lark it would be interesting to know how the IOC will be treat both taxa in the future.

See also this article


Journal of Ornithology
July 2013, Volume 154, Issue 3, pp 813-825
Rediscovery of a long-lost lark reveals the conspecificity of endangered Heteromirafra populations in the Horn of Africa

Claire N. Spottiswoode, Urban Olsson, Michael S. L. Mills, Callan Cohen, Julian E. Francis, Negussie Toye, David Hoddinott, Abiy Dagne, Chris Wood, Paul F. Donald

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10336-013-0948-1

TiF Update:
July 6
The Sidamo Lark, Heteromirafra sidamoensis, has been lumped with Archer's Lark, Heteromirafra archeri (Spottiswoode et al., 2013).
 

njlarsen

Gallery Moderator
Opus Editor
Supporter
Barbados
Horned Lark

Thank you Mohammed

I thought this quote noteworthy (the bolding is mine):
Morphological variation is pronounced in E. alpestris, with 40–42 subspecies recognised (de Juana et al., 2004; Peters, 1960). The present study includes just a small portion of this variation, but nevertheless indicates that E. alpestris is probably better treated as multiple species. That our sample of the Central Asian E. a. brandti is inferred to be more closely related to the two North American samples than to the other Eurasian taxa is totally unexpected, and requires confirmation. If corroborated by independent data, this implies a complex biogeographical history for this species group.

Niels
 

Richard Klim

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Sidamo Lark

As the Sidamo Lark is now treated as possibly conspecific with the Archer's Lark it would be interesting to know how the IOC will be treat both taxa in the future.
IOC World Bird List:
www.worldbirdnames.org/updates/update-diary/
www.worldbirdnames.org/updates/species-updates/
2014 Feb 10: Lump Sidamo Lark with Archer's Lark
Sidamo Lark Heteromirafra sidamoensis: Conspecific with Archer's Lark (Spottiswoode et al 2013, Alström et al 2013)
 

Richard Klim

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IOC World Bird List

Alström, Barnes, Olsson, Barker, Bloomer, Khang, Qureshi, Guillaumet, Crochet & Ryan (in press). Multilocus phylogeny of the avian family Alaudidae (larks) reveals complex morphological evolution, non-monophyletic genera and hidden species diversity. Mol Phylogenet Evol. [abstract]

Generic-level implications...
  • Pseudalaemon > Spizocorys
  • Melanocorypha leucoptera > Alauda
  • Calandrella rufescens, C cheleensis, C raytal, C athensis > Alaudala Horsfield & Moore, 1856
  • Mirafra hova > Eremopterix
v4.2 (Draft)...
www.worldbirdnames.org/updates/update-diary/
www.worldbirdnames.org/updates/taxonomy/
2014 Feb 13: Revise lark genera Updates/Taxonomy
 

Richard Klim

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Grrrr . . . xlsx file again :storm: Can it be changed to xls please so that it can be opened by everyone, not just those few with access to xlsx software?
Stone age format attached...

(But I agree that it's very annoying that Microsoft has moved to an Excel format incompatible with older software.)
 

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Nutcracker

Stop Brexit!
Thanks!

Don't think 'stone age' is right though, it's 'modern age' as opposed to 'bank director's salary format' for xlsx :C
 

njlarsen

Gallery Moderator
Opus Editor
Supporter
Barbados
Grrrr . . . xlsx file again :storm: Can it be changed to xls please so that it can be opened by everyone, not just those few with access to xlsx software?

Come on! There is a free converter downloadable from microsoft.com that makes the conversion for you and works really well!

I am usually a MS supporter but this complaint is not really on target.

Niels
 

MJB

Well-known member
Come on! There is a free converter downloadable from microsoft.com that makes the conversion for you and works really well! I am usually a MS supporter but this complaint is not really on target. Niels

You beat me to it, Niels - I've taken to telling people to whom I'm sending xlsx files, just in case they aren't aware. Oh, did you mean to say "...not usually a MS supporter"?
MJB
 

njlarsen

Gallery Moderator
Opus Editor
Supporter
Barbados
You beat me to it, Niels - I've taken to telling people to whom I'm sending xlsx files, just in case they aren't aware. Oh, did you mean to say "...not usually a MS supporter"?
MJB

yes, typing too fast and not proofreading -- you caught me ;)

Niels
 

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