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BOW Key (1 Viewer)

James Jobling

Well-known member
Björn,
Buccanodon. I agree that only sight of the original or Sclater's reproduction/copy of Gray's 1855 Addenda will resolve this. I have let my BOU membership lapse, so am no longer able to access the 1929 Ibis (those on BHL only cover the years to 1922). Gray and Hartlaub would have used Buccanodon instead of Bucconodon purely for euphony. All serenity.
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
In Dubois's Synopsis avium (1899-1902) we find it as "Buccanodon, Verr. (1857)", here. If so Gray most certainly would be earlier (if published, in 1855, of course) ...

Hopefully someone with access to The Ibis (1929) will turn up.

We'll see. Fingers crossed.

/B

PS. Fitzinger (1856, here): "Buccanodon, Verr. (Buccanodon formosus, Verr.)"
--
 
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James Jobling

Well-known member
Martin has been kind enough to send me a copy of Sclater's article on G. Gray's 1855 Addenda. My Key MS entry for Buccanodon now includes, ""1532 a. BUCCANODON, Verr. 1855. (Buccanodon formosus, Verr.)" (G. Gray 1855 (reprint 1929)) (Martin Schneider in litt.)"" Thank you Martin.
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
Simply a clarification

Mark, there's no footnote on "Page 77", nothing from Bonaparte, it's not even about birds.

It's far more easy to find on p.61 ;)

/B

PS. And thanks Martin; for showing us Gray's "BUCCANODON, Verr. 1855. ..."
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James Jobling

Well-known member
Bulletin 11: Psittacus occidit

Chalcophanes [updated]
• (syn. Quiscalus † Common Grackle Q. quiscula) Gr. χαλκοφανης khalkophanēs having the appearance of copper < χαλκος khalkos copper; φαινω phainō to display; "Je propose de classer les Quiscales (Chalcophanes) en un genre distinct, où viendront se grouper les espèces suivantes: Chalcophanes magnus, espèce inédite, toujours confondue avec Gracula quiscala des méthodes; - Chalcophanes palliatus, espèce inédite; - Gracula quiscala de Lath.; - Gracula barita du même auteur; - Oriolus ferrugineus de Lath., le même que Gracula ferruginea de Wilson" (Temminck 1825); "3. Gracula Quiscala Gmel., Lath. (exclusa varietate β.) Vide: Chalcoph. Quisc. 4. Gracula Barita Lath. Synops. 2. p. 460. t. 18. Vide: Chalcophan. Barit. Nota. Gracula Barita Linnaei (Syst. Nat. 1. p. 165. n. 4), Lathamii (Ind. p. 191. n. 6.) et Gmelini (Syst. Nat. p. 396. n. 4.) "corpore subgriseo, humeris coeruleis, remigibus extus viridibus" quid sit, nescio. Linnaeus et secundum eum auctores nominati citant Brissonii Icterum nigrum (Ornith. 2. p. 103.) et Sloanii figuram pessimam in operis ejus tabula 257 expressam, sed haec, sicut Brissonii Jcterus, spectat ad Chalcophanem virescentem. (Quaere in generis Orioli expositione numerum 10.)" (Wagler 1827); "Chalcophanes Wagler, Syst. Av., 1, fol. 20, Gen. Gracula, spec. 3, 4, 1827—type, by subs. desig. (Sclater, Ibis, 1884, p. 153), Quiscalus versicolor Vieillot = Gracula quiscula Linnaeus." (Hellmayr, 1937, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. X, 74). Var. Chalcophanus.

Chrysothraupis [updated]
(syn. Tangara † Chestnut-breasted Tanager T. arthus) Gr. χρυσος khrusos gold; θραυπις thraupis unknown small bird, perhaps some sort of finch. In ornithology thraupis signifies tanager; "Nous composons ainsi qu'il suit le genre CHRYSOTHRAUPIS: 1. CHRYSOTHRAUPIS AURULENTA, Bp. ... 2. C. ARTHUS, Bp. ... 3. C. CHRYSOTIS, Bp. ... 4. C. CITRINELLA, Bp. ... 5. C. THORACICA, Bp. ... 6. C. THALASSINA, Bp. ... 7. C. SCHRANKI, Bp. ... 8. C.? FRUGILEGUS, Bp. ... 9. C. ICTEROCEPHALUS, Bp. ... 10. C. XANTHOCEPHALA, Tschudi. ... 11. C. PARZUDAKII, Bp." (Bonaparte 1851); "Chrysothraupis Bonaparte, Rev. Mag. Zool., (2), 3, p. 142, 1851—type, by subs. desig. (Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., p. 73, 1855), Tanagra arthus Lesson." (Hellmayr, 1936, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IX, 81).

Diva [updated]
(syn. Tangara † Blue-and-black Tanager T. vassorii) L. diva goddess < divus god (cf. specific name Tanagra diva Lesson, 1844 (= syn. Tangara vassorii)); "(11) Diva mihi genus novum Callistæ et Euphoniæ intermedium. Typus sit Tanagra (Euphone?) vassorii Lafr. et Boiss. Rev. Zool. 1840. p. 4. Aglaia diva Less. Echo d. M. S. 1844. p. 57. Procnopis vassori Bp. Species secunda hujus generis erit Piprœidea albiventris mihi Rev. Zool. 1852. p. 8. et Cont. Orn. 1852. pl. 100." (P. Sclater 1854); "Diva Sclater, Tanag. Cat. Specif., p. 16, 1854—type, by orig. desig., Tanagra (Euphone?) vassorii Boissonneau." (Hellmayr, 1936, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IX, 81).

Euphone [upgraded]
(syn. Euphonia † Violaceous Euphonia E. violacea) German Euphone euphonia, tanager < Gr. ευφωνια euphōnia euphony; "233. EUPHONE violacea n. Tanagr. viol. L. Brasil.. Mas. 2Thl.[= Thaler] 8Gr.[= Groschen] 234. — — — — Fem. 2Thl. 4Gr. 235. — — chlorotica n. Tan. chlorot. L. XII. Mas. 2Thl. 8Gr. 236. — — — — — — — Fem. 2Thl. 4 Gr. 237. — — serena n. Pipra seren. Lin. Mas. 4Thl. 238. — — — — — — — Fem. 3Thl. 239. — — rufiventris n. Tan. rufiv. N. Mas. 3Thl. 240. — — — — — — — Fem. 2Thl. 16Gr." (Lichtenstein 1821 (Isis)); "Euphone Lichtenstein, Zweites Preis-Verz. Doubl. Berliner Mus., 1820 (cf. Oken's Isis, 1821, Beylage No. 1, p. 6) —type, as here designated, Fringilla violacea Linnaeus." (Hellmayr, 1936, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IX, 14).

Ixothraupis [updated]
(syn. Tangara † Spotted Tanager T. punctata) Gr. ιξος ixos mistletoe; θταυπις thraupis unknown small bird, perhaps some sort of finch. In ornithology thraupis signifies tanager. "C'est ici que doit trouver place notre groupe IXOTHRAUPIS. 1.[sic] IXOTHRAUPIS PUNCTATA, Bp. ... 12. I. GUTTULATA, Bp. ... *13. I. CHRYSOGASTER, Bp. ... *14. I. PUSILLA, Bp." (Bonaparte 1851); "Ixothraupis Bonaparte, Rev. Mag. Zool., (2), 3, p. 143, 1851—type, by subs. desig. (Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., p. 73, 1855), Tanagra punctata Linnaeus." (Hellmayr, 1936, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IX, 81).

LAMPROPSAR [updated]
(Icteridae; † Velvet-fronted Grackle L. tanagrinus guianensis) Gr. λαμπρος lampros brilliant; ψαρ psar, ψαρος psaros starling. In ornithology psar can also signify an American icterid. "Die Gattung Lampropsar (λαμπρος, glänzend; ψαρ, Staar) scheint der Gattung Molothrus ziemlich nahe zu stehen, unterscheidet sich aber sofort durch den stufigen Schwanz und gehört nach diesem Kennzeichen zu den Scaphidurinen. Der Schnabel ist im Verleich zu Mothrus [sic] verhältnissmässig länger, gerader, schwächer und weniger breit; Flügel kürzer, abgerundet. Den Typus dieser Gattung: L. guianensis n. sp. werden wir in dem bereits mehrfach erwähnten Anhange zu Herrn Schomburgk's Reise beschreiben" (Cabanis 1847); "Lampropsar*) Cab. nov. gen. Unterscheidet sich von Molothrus durch den verhältnissmässig längeren, geraderen, schwächeren, weniger breiten Schnabel, durch merklich kürzere, mehr abgerundete Flügel und längeren stufigen Schwanz. Die 4te Schwinge ist in der Regel erst die längste. Gefieder glänzend schwarz. 78. L. guianensis Cab. nov. spec. ... *) Λαμπρος, glänzend; ψαρ, Staar." (Cabanis 1849); "Lampropsar Cabanis, Arch. Naturg., 13, (1), p. 333, 1847;1 idem, in Schomburgk, Reisen Brit. Guiana, 3, "1848," p. 682, 1849—type, by monotypy, Lampropsar guianensis Cabanis. ... 1Generic characters in comparison to Molothrus outlined, the genotype L. guianensis being a nomen nudum. Genus and species were not properly diagnosed until two years later, as quoted above." (Hellmayr, 1937, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. X, 100); "Lampropsar Cabanis, 1847, Archiv f. Naturg., 13 (1), p. 333. Type, by subsequent designation (Cabanis, 1849, in Schomburgk, Reisen Brit.-Guiana, 3 (1848), p. 682) and monotypy, L.[ampropsar] guianensis Cabanis." (Blake in Peters, 1968, XIV, 184).
Var. Lamprospar.
Synon. Potamopsar

Melanzona [upgraded]
(syn. Melozone † Prevost's Ground Sparrow M. biarcuata) Gr. μελανζωνος melanzōnos with black girdle; "47. Melozone biarcuata. ... Wie sinn- und gedankenlos leider zu oft Genus-Namen gebildet werden, zeigt uns hier wieder Pyrgisoma (!).—Pyrgita ist von πυργος, Thurm abgeleitet (πυργιτης, Thurmsperling.) Glücklicherweise hat Reichenbach's Name die Priorität. Die Ableitung desselben ist mir zwar auch nicht ganz klar und wird durch Gray's Schreibart "Meloxene" noch zweifelhafter. Soll Reichenbach's Name "schwarz oder dunkel gegürtet" bedeuten, so wäre er richtiger Melanzona (von μελανζωνος) zu schreiben. Bis zu der immer noch vergeblich erwarteten authentischen Interpretation der vielen auf ungebräuchliche Weise (ohne Ableitung oder Angabe eines Typus) veröffentlichten Reichenbach'schen Namen, schreibe ich indess einstweilen Melozone, wie Reichenbach zuerst angegeben." (Cabanis 1860); "Melanzona Cabanis, Journ. Orn., 8, p. 412 (footnote), 1860—emendation of Melozone Reichenbach." (Hellmayr, 1938, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. XI, 469).

Meloxene [upgraded]
(syn. Melozone † Prevost's Ground Sparrow M. biarcuata) Gr. μηλον mēlon cheek; ξενη xenē strange (cf. ζηνη zēnē finch); "1259. MELOXENE, Reichenb. 1850. Pyrgisoma, Pucher. 1851. (Arremon biarcuatus, Lafr.)" (G. Gray 1855); "Meloxene Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., p. 75, 1855—emendation of Melozone Reichenbach (same type)." (Hellmayr, 1938, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. XI, 469) (see Melanzona).

Myiospiza [upgraded]
(syn. Ammodramus † Grassland Sparrow A. humeralis) Gr. μυια muia, μυιας muias fly (i.e. small); σπιζα spiza finch < σπιζω spizō to chirp; "221. MYIOSPIZA MANIMBE. Manimbé Azara, Apunt. i. p. 525. no. cxli. (1802). Fringilla manimbe Licht. Verz. Doubl. p. 25 (1823: Bahia)" (Chubb 1910); "Myiospiza Chubb, Ibis, 1910, p. 637—emendation [of Myospiza Ridgway]" (Hellmayr, 1938, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. XI, 476).

Niphaea [updated]
(syn. Junco † Slate-coloured Junco J. hyemalis) Gr. νιφα nipha snow; "SNOW-BIRD. FRINGILLA NIVALIS. ... When deep snows cover the ground they become almost half domesticated" (A. Wilson 1810); "GENUS III. NIPHÆA, AUD. SNOW-BIRD. ... Name from Nιφος, snow. 167. 1. Niphæa hyemalis, LINN. Common Snow-Bird. ... 168. 2. Niphæa Oregona, TOWNS. Oregon Snow-Bird." (Audubon 1839); "Niphaea Audubon, Syn. Bds. N. Amer., p. 106, 1839—type, by subs. desig. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 2nd ed., p. 60, 1841), Fringilla hyemalis Linnaeus." (Hellmayr, 1938, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. XI, 545). Var. Niphoea, Nephaea, Nyphea.

Oriolus [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Icterus † Venezuelan Troupial I. icterus) "GENUS 28. ORIOLUS Lin. Scopoli Lath. Dum. Icterus Briss. Cuv. La Cép. Xanthornus La Cép. (Gilbvogel Germ. Troupiale, Carouge Gall. Oriole Angl.) ... Species: Oriolus Icterus, Cayanensis Lin." (Illiger 1811); "Oriolus (not of Linnaeus, 1766) Illiger, Prodr. Syst. Mamm. Av., p. 214, 1811—type, by subs. desig. (Zimmer, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser., 17, p. 435, 1930), Oriolus icterus Linnaeus." (Hellmayr, 1937, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. X, 102).

Scaphura [upgraded]
(syn. Quiscalus † Common Grackle Q. quiscula) Gr. σκαφος skaphos, σκαφεος skapheos ship; ουρα oura tail; "Endlich gehören hierher auch noch die schwarzen, herrlich glänzenden, fast elsterartigen Bootschwänze, (Scaphura, Quiscala,) mit dünnerem Schnabel ohne [ein] Stirnschild und mit einem, sonst den Elstern ähnlichen Schwanze, dessen Seitenfedern aber höher liegen, als die mittleren: so daß derselbe wie eine breite, offene Rinne, oder wie ein kleiner Kahn (Boot) aussieht." (Gloger 1841); "Scaphura Gloger, Gemeinn. Hand- und Hilfsbuch Naturg., 1, p. 261, 1841—new name for Quiscala Lichtenstein." (Hellmayr, 1937, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. X, 74).

sodiroi
Fr. Luis Sodiro (born Luigi Aloysius Sodiro) (1836-1909) Italian missionary to Ecuador 1875-1909, botanist, first Director of Jardín Botánico, Quito, naturalist (syn. Chlorochrysa phoenicotis ☼).

Struthus [updated]
Gr. στρουθος strouthos sparrow, finch, small bird.
• (syn. Fringilla † Common Chaffinch F. coelebs) "XIII. Fam. Fringillidae ... Struthus: Fr. coelebs Lin. u. s. w." (Boie 1826); "Struthus Boie, 1826, Isis von Oken, col. 974. Type by monotypy Fringilla coelebs Linnaeus." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Junco † Slate-coloured Junco J. hyemalis) "Gen. 144. STRUTHUS, Nob. (Boie, part.) 215. STRUTHUS HYEMALIS, Nob. (Fringilla hyemalis, L.) Gould, pl. 190. Northern Europe. 198. STRUTHUS HYEMALIS, Nob. (Fringilla hyemalis, L.) Aud. pl. 13. America generally. 199. STRUTHUS OREGANUS, Nob. (Fringilla oregana, Towns.) Aud. pl. 298" (Bonaparte 1838); "Struthus Bonaparte, 1838 (not of Boie, 1826, nor of Billberg, 1828), Geographical and Comparative List Birds Europe and North America, p. 31. Type by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 46), Fringilla hyemalis Linnaeus." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Remiz † European Penduline Tit R. pendulinus) "16. Struthus B. (Les Remiz Cuv.)" (Billberg 1828); "Struthus Billberg, 1828, Synopsis Faunae Scandinaviae, I (ii), tab. A. Type by monotypy "Remiz" of Cuvier = Motacilla pendulinus Linnaeus." (mihi 2020).
 
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James Jobling

Well-known member
Bulletin 12: Thanks to Laurent for this fascinating group of nomina oblita (see Subforum 'Names lacking in the Key,' # 262).

Andrornis
(syn. Periparus † Coal Tit P. ater) Gr. ανηρ anēr, ανδρος andros man; ορνις ornis bird (doubtless an allusion to the fearless and familiar behaviour of these small birds); "Finden sich zwei Arten in einer und derselben Gegend nistend, wie z. B. unser Passer domesticus und montanus, unsere Ruticilla phoenicura und R. tithys (Tithys atrata, Gmel.), unser Parus ater (Andrornis) und Parus major L., so kann man mit Sicherheit annehmen, dass sie zwei verschiedenen Subgenera angehören." (Kaup in Röder 1877) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Andrornis Kaup in Röder, 1877, Grundriss Syst. Nat. Kaup, p. 123. Type by monotypy, Parus ater." (mihi 2020).

Clipeopasser
(syn. Passer † Cape Sparrow P. melanurus) L. clipeus, clupeus or clypeus round shield (in allusion to black face and breast markings); passer, passeris sparrow; "In keine der genannten Gruppen passt der sehr abweichende P. arcuatus, Gmel., mit schwarzem Kopf, Gesicht und Kehle, bei dem die Wangen und zum Theil die Kehle mit einem breiten weissen Streifen begränzt sind. Man kann ihn nebst Verwandten Clipeopasser nennen." (Kaup in Röder 1877) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Clipeopasser Kaup in Röder, 1877, Grundriss Syst. Nat. Kaup, p. 122. Type by monotypy, Fringilla arcuata Gmelin, 1788 = Loxia melanura Statius Müller, 1776." (mihi 2020).

Lebrornis
(syn. Philepitta † Schlegel's Asity P. schlegelii) Gr. λεβηρις lebēris bird of ill omen; ορνις ornis bird; "So bilden z. B. die zwei Arten von Philepitta jala und Schlegelii, Poll von Madagaskar zwei verschiedene Genera, die sich durch verschieden gebildete Gesichtsklarunkeln und namentlich durch ganz verschiedenes Kleid sehr wesentlich unterscheiden. Ich nenne letztere Art Lebrornis Schlegelii." (Kaup in Röder 1877) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Lebrornis Kaup in Röder, 1877, Grundriss Syst. Nat. Kaup, p. 17. Type by monotypy, Lebrornis Schlegelii Kaup." (mihi 2020).

Lophocua
(syn. Coua † Crested Coua C. cristata) Gr. λοφος lophos crest; genus Cua auct. = Coua Schinz, coua; "Alle Genera leben in Madagascar. Cabanis und Heine haben bereits die Glaucococcyx und Cochlothraustes von dem Levaillant'schen Genus Cocca geschieden, allein die Trennungen müssen noch weiter gehen. Ich behalte nur für Gigas, Bodd und Verwandte den Namen Cua und nenne die cristata - Lophocua." (Kaup in Röder 1877) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Lophocua Kaup in Röder, 1877, Grundriss Syst. Nat. Kaup, p. 114. Type by monotypy, Lophocua cristata Kaup." (mihi 2020).

Poliopicus
(syn. Picus † Grey-faced Woodpecker P. canus) Gr. πολιος polios grey; genus Picus Linnaeus, 1758, woodpecker; "So z. B. bildet Gecinus canus Gmel. ein eigenes Subgenus, das auch in seiner Lebensart von G. viridis mit den Arten Awokera, Vaillantii abweicht. Sie unterscheiden sich durch geringere Grösse, etwas bushige Bedeckung der Nasenlöcher, schmäleren Schnurrbart und verhältnissmässig langere Kinnsymphyse. Ich nenne dieselben Poliopicus." (Kaup in Röder 1877) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Poliopicus Kaup in Röder, 1877, Grundriss Syst. Nat. Kaup, p. 116. Type by monotypy, Gecinus canus Gmel." (mihi 2020).

Pyrgitulus
(syn. Passer † Tree Sparrow P. montanus) Dim. < genus Pyrgita Cuvier 1816, sparrow (cf. Gr. πυργιτης purgitēs sparrow); "Zu dem Passer montanus (Pyrgitulus) gehören alle, bei welchen Männchen wie Weibchen eine ähnliche Kehl- und Gesichtszeichnung aufweisen." (Kaup in Röder 1877) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Pyrgitulus Kaup in Röder, 1877, Grundriss Syst. Nat. Kaup, p. 122. Type by monotypy, Passer montanus." (mihi 2020).

Rubicundulus
(syn. Passer † Russet Sparrow P. rutilans) L. rubicundulus somewhat ruddy < dim. rubicundus red < rubere to be red < ruber ruddy; "Die Arten rutilans Temm. pl. col. 588.2 und cinnamomeus Gould, bei welchen die Männchen einen schmalen schwarzen Kehlfleck besitzen, welcher den Weibchen fehlt, bilden ebenfalls eine kleine Gruppe, die man weder zu Passer noch zu Pyrgitulus stellen kann. Man kann sie Rothsperlinge Rubicundulus nennen." (Kaup in Röder 1877) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Rubicundulus Kaup in Röder, 1877, Grundriss Syst. Nat. Kaup, p. 122. Type by virtual monotypy, Passer rutilans Temminck." (mihi 2020).

Tachypteryx
(syn. Artamus † Little Woodswallow A. minor) Gr. ταχυς takhus fast; πτερυξ pterux, πτερυγος pterugos wing (cf. ταχυπτερος takhupteros swift-winged); "Das Genus Artamus Viell. bildet die zweite Subfamilie Artaminae, von welchen das Genus Tachypteryx (Artamus minor. V.) die Grundform der zweiten Subfamilie, der zweiten Familie und der zweiten Horde ist." (Kaup in Röder 1877) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Tachypteryx Kaup in Röder, 1877, Grundriss Syst. Nat. Kaup, p. 127. Type by monotypy, Artamus minor Vieillot." (mihi 2020).

Tithys
(syn. Phoenicurus † Black Redstart P. ochruros gibraltariensis) Late Gr. τιτις titis, τιτιδος titidos small chirping bird mentioned by Photios (cf. specific name Motacilla titys Linnaeus, 1758); "Finden sich zwei Arten in einer und derselben Gegend nistend, wie z. B. unser Passer domesticus und montanus, unsere Ruticilla phoenicura und R. tithys (Tithys atrata, Gmel.), unser Parus ater (Andrornis) und Parus major L., so kann man mit Sicherheit annehmen, dass sie zwei verschiedenen Subgenera angehören." (Kaup in Röder 1877) (Laurent Raty in litt.); "Tithys Kaup in Röder, 1877, Grundriss Syst. Nat. Kaup, p. 123. Type by tautonymy, Tithys atrata Gmel. = Ruticilla tithys auct. = Motacilla gibraltariensis Gmelin." (mihi 2020).
 

James Jobling

Well-known member
Bulletin 13: A thousand shall fall at thy side and ten thousand at thy right hand; but it shall not come nigh thee.

Ampelis [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Cotinga † Purple-breasted Cotinga C. cotinga) "108. AMPELIS. Rostrum rectum, convexum: Mandibula superiore longiore, subincurvata, utrinque emarginata. Lingua acuta, cartilaginea, bifida. Garrulus. 1. ... Pompadora. 2. ... carnifex. 3. ... Cotinga. 4. ... Maynana. 5. ... cayana. 6. ... tersa. 7." (Linnaeus 1766); "Ampelis LINNAEUS, Syst. Nat., 12th ed., I, p. 297, 1766—type by subs. desig. (Gray, List Gen. Birds, p. 34, 1840) Ampelis cotinga LINNAEUS." (Hellmayr, 1929, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VI, 104).

Amphibolura [upgraded]
(syn. Phibalura † Swallow-tailed Cotinga P. flavirostris) Gr. αμφιβολος amphibolos double-pointed < αμφιβαλλω amphiballō to hit on both sides; ουρα oura tail; "Gen. Amphibolura (Vieill.). Phibalura!? Vieill. 1816. Chelidis Gloger 1827. Der Name Phibalura hat keinen Sinn und wurde deshalb von Gloger in Chelidis umgeändert, wobei aber unbeachtet blieb, dass Chelidis mit Chelidon Boie 1822 collidirt. Die divergirende Form der Schwanzfedern lässt vermuthen, dass Vieillot vielleicht "αμφιβολος" im Sinne hatte, wenigstens ist der so abgeänderte Name bezeichnend für die Gattung. Typus: A. flavirostris (Vieill.)." (Cabanis 1847); "Amphibolura CABANIS, Arch. Naturg., 13, (1), p. 233, 1847— new name for Phibalura VIEILLOT." (Hellmayr, 1929, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VI, 97).

Averano [updated]
• (syn. Procnias † White Bellbird P. albus) "Catalogue des oiseaux composant le cabinet de M. le Comte de Riocour ... Vieillot described many new species from this collection, and it is possible that he was involved in the preparation of this catalogue, but the authorship is not given. The generic name Averano appears herein for the first time, with inclusion of "A. caronculatus" and "nudi-collis." As neither of these species was included in that genus as proposed by Lesson in his "Traite d'Ornithologie," 1830-31, it becomes necessary to select a type species for the genus as here proposed, and accordingly I designate A. caronculatus [= Procnias alba (Hermann)] as such." (J. T. Zimmer 1926); "Averano Anonymous, Cat. Coll. Cabinet Riocour, p. 17, 1829—type by subs. desig. (ZIMMER, Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser, 16, p. 12, 1926) "Averano caronculatus" = Ampelis alba HERMANN." (Hellmayr, 1929, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VI, 237).
• (syn. Procnias † Bearded Bellbird P. averano carnobarba) "CXXIII.e Genre. AVÉRANO; Averano. Ampelis, Vieill.; Casmarhynchos, Temm. ... Ce genre ne comprend qu'une espèce, qui est l'averano carnobarba; l'ampelis variegata, Gm.; l'ampelis averano, Vieill., Gal., pl. 117. Le Procnias melanocephalus, Wied., It., t. I, p. 26; Casmarynchos variegata, Temm., pl. 51; Cotinga, nov. sp., Cuv. Règne an., pl. 4, fig. 4. ... Son nom d'averano est contracté des mots portugais ave de verano, oiseau d'été, qui lui appliquent les Créoles; c'est le guira-punga de Marcgrave" (Lesson 1830) (see averano); "Averano Lesson, 1830, Traité d'Ornithologie, p. 364. Type by monotypy Averano carnobarba Lesson, 1830" (mihi 2020).

catamenia [new entry]
Gr. καταμηνια katamēnia menstrual, menstruous < κατα kata in relation to; μην mēn, μηνος mēnos month.
• "I cannot make out Calliste catamenia Bonaparte (Rev. Mag. Zool., (2), 3, p. 139, 1851), described as "Viridis, vertice crissoque rufescentibus." No locality is indicated. Although the type is credited to the Leiden Museum, the name has never been quoted again in literature. According to G. C. W. Junge (in litt.), the specimen cannot be found in the collections at Leiden." (Hellmayr, 1936, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IX, 81) (unident.; ?syn. Tangara sp.).

Cotyle [upgraded]
(syn. Riparia † Sand Martin R. riparia) Gr. κωτιλας kōtilas, κωτιλαδος kōtilados swallow < κωτιλος kōtilos twittering < κωτιλλω kōtillō to chatter (cf. κοτυλη kotulē cup, hollow); "Cotyle: Hir. fucata Azz. Tem. col. 161; rupestris Gm.; riparia Lin. u. a." (Boie 1826); "In 1822 F. Boie (Isis, p. 550) proposed Cotile as a generic name for Hirundo riparia, L. But, unfortunately, in 1826 (Isis, p. 971) he spelt the name Cotyle; although in the same column we find "Cynnyris" and "Aegythalus," it is only the first misprint that has bred lasting mischief. ... In reality κωτιλας is a name used by Anacreon (99) for the Swallow; and κωτιλος is a familiar classical adjective, meaning "prattling," as κωτιλλειν means "to prattle." When Boie first wrote COTILE he undoubtedly had in his mind this idea of "twittering;" and all the confusion about a "cup" has arisen from a subsequent misprint" (Wharton 1879); "Cotyle Boie, Isis, 1826, (2), p. 971—type, by subs. desig. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., p. 9, 1840), Hirundo riparia Linnaeus." (Hellmayr, 1935, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VIII, 63).

Culicivora [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Polioptila † Tropical Gnatcatcher P. plumbea atricapilla) "CULICIVORA, Sw. Bill somewhat lengthened; the base depressed; the sides compressed; the culmen arched from the base; the tip notched. Rictus with distinct bristles. Wings very short; the first two quills only equally graduated. Tail slender, graduated, and generally lengthened. Tarsus long, slender. Inner toe shortest. Claws small, fully curved. America only. C. atricapilla. Zool. Ill.ii.pl. 57." (Swainson 1837); "Culicivora (not of Swainson, 1827) Swainson, Classif. Bds., 2, p. 243, 1837—type, by monotypy, Culicivora atricapilla Swainson" (Hellmayr, 1934, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VII, 485).

Cyanurus [updated]
Gr. κυανος kuanos dark-blue; ουρα oura tail.
• (syn. Cyanocorax † White-throated Magpie Jay C. formosus) "817. Cyanurus, Bp. ex Sw. (Cyanocorax, p. Boie. - Calocitta hinc Psilorhinus, p. Gr.) Rostrum nigrum: cauda longissima. Am. s. As. or. 4. a. Americani. 1. PICA bullocki, Wagl. 1827. (miles, Licht. - formosa, Sw. 1827. - gubernatrix, Temm. - Psilorhinus gubernatrix, Gr.) Pl. col. 436. ex Mexico or. Vera-Cruz. ... 2. PICA colliei, Vig. (Garrulus ultramarinus, Aud. nec Bp. G. bullocki, Aud. nec Wagl. - G. burneti, errore burnetti, berneti et bennetti, J. Gr. - Psilorhinus bullocki, Gr.) Zool. Beach. Voy. t. 7. - Aud. Am. t. 96. - Quarto edit. t. 229. ex Mexico occ. California." (Bonaparte 1850); "Cyanurus (not of Swainson, 1832) Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 380, 1850—type, by subs. desig. (Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3, p. 88, 1877), Pica formosa Swainson." (Hellmayr, 1934, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VII, 11).
• (syn. Cyanocorax † Plush-crested Jay C. chrysops) "Genus, CYANURUS. ... Examples. - 1. C. cristatus. 2. Stelleri. 3. sordidus, Sw. 4. Floridanus, BON. 5. coronatus, Sw. Syn. 6. cyanopogon (Pl. col. 169). 7. pileatus (Ill. 58). 8. azureus (Ill. 168) 9. formosus (Pica formosa, Sw. Syn.) 10. cristatellus (Pl. col. 193), &c. OBS. - This group is distinguished from the European and North Asiatic Jays by the upper mandible not being abruptly bent at the tip, or very distinctly notched, by the under being weaker, and by the powerful structure of the feet. The two outer toes also are almost equal. The first three species are aberrant, connecting this and the last group [Dysornithia]. The typical species are found only in the tropics of America and India" (Swainson 1832); "The genera Psilorhinus and Cissa, with Cyanocorax of South America, form a little group by themselves; and I consider that Mr. Strickland was quite justified in separating from the last the blue Jays of North America, which constitute his Cyanocitta, An. and Mag. Nat. Hist. 1845, p. 260; but as Corvus cristatus, Lin. is the type of Mr. Swainson's Cyanurus, I conceive that this must take precedence of Cyanocitta, Strickland" (Blyth 1846); "The type of the genus Cyanocitta of Strickland is Garrulus cristatus, Linn. as stated in precise terms by the founder of the genus ... Again, the type of Cyanurus, Sw., is not Garrulus cristatus ... This error was caused by Mr. G. R. Gray's [1855] unauthorized assumption that the first species in any author's list must necessarily be his type. But Swainson himself tells us that the first three species which he mentions (i.e. C. cristatus, C. stelleri, and C. sordidus) are "aberrant," and that the "typical" species are only found in the "tropics of America and India." It is obvious therefore that Cyanurus, Sw. (1831) = Cyanocorax, Boie (1826) as stated by Strickland l.s.c., and that Cyanocitta is the proper generic name for the "Blue Jays" of America" (P. Sclater & Salvin 1876); "Cyanurus Swainson, in Richardson, Faun. Bor.-Amer., 2, p. 495, Feb., 1832— no type designated. 2 ... 2 No valid type appears to have been designated for this genus. ... Though, by common consent, Cyanurus has been regarded as synonymous with Cyanocorax, it seems advisable to formally propose a genotype to set this name at rest, and we suggest as such Corvus pileatus "Ill." = Pica chrysops Vieillot." (Hellmayr, 1934, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VII, 17).

Empidochanes [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Cnemotriccus † Fuscous Flycatcher C. fuscatus) "67. EMPIDOCHANES*. Empidochanes, Scl. Cat. A. B. p. 228 (1862) . . . . .Type. E. fringillaris. Empidochanes is also not far removed from Myiobius, but the bill is larger and longer, and the rictal bristles are not so much developed. ... 1. Empidochanes fuscatus. ... 2. Empidochanes fringillaris. ... 3. Empidochanes arenaceus. ... 4. Empidochanes pœcilurus. ... 5. Empidochanes salvini, sp. nov." (P. Scl;ater 1888); "Empidochanes SCLATER (not of SCLATER 1862), Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 14, p. 216, 1888— type Empidochanes fringillaris PELZELN = Muscipeta fuscata WIED." (Hellmayr, 1927, Cat. Birds Americas, V, 221).

imperialis [new sub-entry]
• Rudolf II Holy Roman Emperor (1552-1612; reigned 1576-1611 (deposed)) King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia, Archduke of Austria, patron of the arts and the occult (‡syn. Aphanapteryx bonasia).

Mimetes [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Mimus † Northern Mockingbird M. polyglottos) "Mehrere genießen, unter den besonderen Namen Spottdrosseln oder Spottvögel, (Mimetes, Mimus!) noch eines vorzüglichen Rufes wegen der, meist bewunderungswürdigen Fertigkeit, mit welcher sie auch viele Lieder anderer Vögel wiedergeben, und selbst die Laute mancher unbefiederten Geschöpfe nachahmen: gleich als wollten sie ein neckerhaftes Gespött mit denselben treiben. Vorzugsweise berühmt ist in beiden Beziehungen jene nordamerikanische Art, welche darum auch vorzugsweise die Bezeichnung Spott- oder vielstimmige Drossel führt. (Turdus polyglottus.)" (Gloger 1841); "Mimetes [(not Eschscholtz, 1818, nor King, 1826)] Gloger, Hand- und Hilfsbuch Naturg., 1, p. 303, 1841—new name for Mimus Boie." (Hellmayr, 1934, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VII, 306).

montanei [new entry]
Prof. Julio Cesar Montané Martí (1927-2013) Chilean archaeologist (Fred Ruhe in litt.) (‡ Fulica).

Myiopatis [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Phaeomyias † Mouse-coloured Tyrannelet P. murina incomta) "47. MYIOPATIS*. Myiopatis, Cab. et Hein. Mus. Hein. ii. p. 58 . . . .Type. M. semifusca. These birds, which I have previously annexed to Phyllomyias, certainly differ in the longer and more compressed bill, and had better, perhaps, be kept apart. ... 1. Myiopatis semifusca. Phyllomyias semifusca, Scl. ... Platyrhynchus murinus, Spix ... Myiopatis incanescens, Cab. et Hein. ... 2. Myiopatis tumbezana. Phyllomyias tumbezana, Tacz." (P. Sclater 1888); "Myiopatis P. Sclater, 1888, Cat. Birds British Mus., XIV, p. 123. Type, by original designation, Phyllomyias semifusca P. Sclater, 1862 = Elainea incomta Cabanis & Heine, 1859." (mihi 2020).

Oxyrhamphus [upgraded]
(syn. Oxyruncus † Sharpbill O. cristatus) Gr. οξυς oxus sharp; ῥαμφος rhamphos bill; "The genus Oxyrhynchus, Tem. [1822], is a difficult group to classify, but its structure and style of colouring show that it has no affinity to the Certhiadæ. I am most disposed to place it in or near the Icterinæ. The name Oxyrhynchus was given by Leach to a genus of fish, in 1818. (See Tuckey's Congo, p. 410.) Ichthyologists must decide whether that genus can stand; but if so, of course a new name must be found for the bird before us, which might be called Oxyrhamphus." (Strickland 1841); "Oxyrhamphus STRICKLAND, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 6, p. 420, 1841—new name for Oxyrhynchus TEMMINCK, preoccupied." (Hellmayr, 1929, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VI, 1). Var. Oxyramphus.

Pachyrhynchus [sub-entry updated]
• (syn. Pachyramphus † Green-backed Becard P. viridis) "GENUS 1. PACHYRHYNCHUS. Muscicapas inter, Lanios Fringillasque intermedius, solitarie ac tranquille arboribus minus altis insidens, insectis victitans; capite crasso; rostro vix brevi, crasso, alto, rotundato-convexo, ad frontem largo, apice dentato, vibrissis mastacalibus raris; lingua apice fissa; digito laterali externo basi connato. ... SPECIES 1. PACHYRHYNCHUS VARIEGATUS. ... SPECIES 2. PACHYRHYNCHUS CAJANUS. ... SPECIES 3. PACHYRHYNCHUS SEMIFASCIATUS. ... SPECIES 4. PACHYRHYNCHUS CUVIERI. ... SPECIES 5. PACHYRHYNCHUS NIGER. ... SPECIES 6. PACHYRHYNCHUS CINERASCENS. ... SPECIES 7. PACHYRHYNCHUS RUFESCENS." (von Spix 1825); "Pachyrhynchus von Spix, 1825, Avium Species Novae Brasiliam, II, p. 31. Type by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 31), Psaris Cuvierii Swainson, 1821 = Tityra viridis Vieillot, 1816." (mihi 2020).

Schiffornis [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Schiffornis † Varzea Schiffornis S. major) "GENRE SCHIFFORNIS. — Schiffornis (Pr. Ch. Bonaparte). SCHIFFORNIS GÉANT. — Schiffornis major (Pr. Ch. Bonap., Ateneo Italiano, Ag. 1854). (PLANCHE XVIII, fig. 2.) Sch. supra cinereo-brunnescens; tergo alisque brunneo-rufescentibus; subtus rufo-cinnamomeo; uropygio rectricibusque concoloribus. Rostro pedibusque nigris." (des Murs 1856); "Schiffornis (not of BONAPARTE, 1854) DES MURS in CASTELNAU, Expéd. Amér. Sud, Ois., livr. 18, p. 66— June, 1856— type by monotypy Schiffornis major DES MURS. ... Schiffornis major BONAPARTE (Ateneo Italiano, 2, No. 11, p. 314, 1854; Consp. Voluc. Anisod., p. 4, 1854) is a nomen nudum." (Hellmayr, 1929, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VI, 77).

Saxilauda [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Geositta † Rufous-banded Miner G. rufipennis fasciata) "Wir besitzen den von uns Eingangs erwähnten chilenischen Vogel schon seit einer längeren Reihe von Jahren und hatten denselben ebenfalls als Typus einer neuen Gattung betrachtet, welcher wir den Namen Saxilauda — wegen der Aehnlichkeit mit Saxicola und Alauda — beilegten, und wonach unser Vogel als Saxilauda fasciata Nob. im hiesigen National-Museum aufgestellt war." (Philippi & Landbeck 1865); "Saxilauda PHILIPPI and LANDBECK, Arch. Naturg., 31 (1), p. 67 (in text), 1865— type [by orig. desig.] Geobamon fasciata PHILIPPI and LANDBECK." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, 2).

Sialis [upgraded]
(syn. Sialia † Eastern Bluebird S. sialis) Gr. σιαλις sialis, σιαλιδος sialidos unidentified bird, so-called from its cry; "Ces deux circonstances ayant également lieu chez le Rouge-gorge bleu de l'Amérique septentrionale (Sylvia sialis), et s'y trouvant réunies à d'autres caractères de forme et d'habitudes qui avaient engagé Vieillot à en faire un Motteux, sous le nom de Ænanthe sialis, j'ai pensé que ce nouveau genres Sialis (Sialia des Anglais) devait également figurer dans ma cinquième famille. Wilson et Vieillot disent positivement que l'espèce type, Sylvia sialis, niche dans des arbres creux et y pond des œufs d'un bleu pâle." (de La Fresnaye 1839); "Sialis (not of Latreille, 1803) Lafresnaye, Rev. Zool., 2, p. 162, 1839— type, by monotypy, Motacilla sialis Linnaeus." (Hellmayr, 1934, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VII, 477).

Taenioptera [updated]
(syn. Xolmis † Grey Monjita X. cinereus) Specific name Muscicapa taenioptera Bonaparte, 1825 (= syn. Xolmis cinereus); "MUSCICAPA tænioptera, Nob. ... The conjectures of Vieillot have proved correct, at least in regard to this species; which is a MUSCICAPA of our classification, but a TYRANNUS of his: a peculiar subgenus might be instituted for it under the name of the species, which we have for that reason compounded from the Greek. This subgenus should be characterized principally by long and powerful wings, reaching almost to the tip of the tail, a somewhat more robust and elongated bill, and much stouter and longer feet. It is most probable that the five other Pepoazas of d'Azara will also prove to belong to this subgenus" (Bonaparte 1825); "Si dica lo stesso della mia Muscicapa taenioptera (tipo del mio sottogenere di questo nome) che dovrà chiamarsi Muscicapa polyglotta, Licht, avendo la priorità questo nome tratto dall' analogia delle piume col Turdus polyglottus; si vede anch' essa figurata da Spix. S'aggiungano come specie del mio gruppo Taenioptera le Muscicapae vittigera, velata (Spix 22.), dominicana di Lichtenstein ec." (Bonaparte 1830); "Taenioptera BONAPARTE c, Ann. Stor. Nat. Bologna, 4, p. 194, Nov. 1830—type by orig. desig. Muscicapa taenioptera BONAPARTE = Tyrannus cinereus VIEILLOT. ... c Although universally quoted from 1825, this name does not occur in Bonaparte's paper in Journ. Ac. Nat. Sci. Phila., 4, p. 370-387, and was obviously not proposed in a generic sense until 1830." (Hellmayr, 1927, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. V, 10).
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
[...]
catamenia [new entry]
Gr. καταμηνια katamēnia menstrual, menstruous < κατα kata in relation to; μην mēn, μηνος mēnos month.
• "I cannot make out Calliste catamenia Bonaparte (Rev. Mag. Zool., (2), 3, p. 139, 1851), described as "Viridis, vertice crissoque rufescentibus." No locality is indicated. Although the type is credited to the Leiden Museum, the name has never been quoted again in literature. According to G. C. W. Junge (in litt.), the specimen cannot be found in the collections at Leiden." (Hellmayr, 1936, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IX, 81) (unident.; ?syn. Tangara sp.).
[...]
Regardless of what Hellmayr wrote in 1936 (here, in foot-note), in the reference itself "(Rev. Mag. Zool., (2), 3, p.139, 1851)" [Revue et magasin de zoologie (pure et appliquée)] it's: "CALLISTE CATAMENA, Bp, ...", not catamenia (see here).

Imagine that! A typo of (the great monitor) Hellmayr himself ...

;)
--
 
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James Jobling

Well-known member
Björn, your word is my command. Key MS now reads,
catamena / catamene
Gr. καταμηνια katamēnia menstrual, menstruous < κατα kata in relation to; μην mēn, μηνος mēnos month.
• "I cannot make out Calliste catamenia [sic = catamena] Bonaparte (Rev. Mag. Zool., (2), 3, p. 139, 1851), described as "Viridis, vertice crissoque rufescentibus." No locality is indicated. Although the type is credited to the Leiden Museum, the name has never been quoted again in literature. According to G. C. W. Junge (in litt.), the specimen cannot be found in the collections at Leiden." (Hellmayr, 1936, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IX, 81) (unident.; ?syn. Tangara sp.) (Björn Bergenholtz in litt.).

catamenia see catamena
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
Etymology, in line with; "Loriculus catamene" SCHLEGEL, 1871 (here, in French), i.e. today's debated Sangir Hanging Parrot Loriculus (amabilis) catamene, ... and/or/alt./versus the generic Catamenia BONAPARTE 1850 (here, in Thraupidae) ... ?!?

Regarding the etymology, or etymologies, I'm all lost (as usual when it boils down to Latin and Greek). ...

/B
...
 
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James Jobling

Well-known member
In ornithology catamena / catamene / Catamenia / catamenia all allude to the rufous or red (i.e. bloody) vent of the relevant bird.
 

l_raty

laurent raty
Cyanurus [updated]
Gr. κυανος kuanos dark-blue; ουρα oura tail.
• (syn. Cyanocorax † White-throated Magpie Jay C. formosus) "817. Cyanurus, Bp. ex Sw. (Cyanocorax, p. Boie. - Calocitta hinc Psilorhinus, p. Gr.) Rostrum nigrum: cauda longissima. Am. s. As. or. 4. a. Americani. 1. PICA bullocki, Wagl. 1827. (miles, Licht. - formosa, Sw. 1827. - gubernatrix, Temm. - Psilorhinus gubernatrix, Gr.) Pl. col. 436. ex Mexico or. Vera-Cruz. ... 2. PICA colliei, Vig. (Garrulus ultramarinus, Aud. nec Bp. G. bullocki, Aud. nec Wagl. - G. burneti, errore burnetti, berneti et bennetti, J. Gr. - Psilorhinus bullocki, Gr.) Zool. Beach. Voy. t. 7. - Aud. Am. t. 96. - Quarto edit. t. 229. ex Mexico occ. California." (Bonaparte 1850); "Cyanurus (not of Swainson, 1832) Bonaparte, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 380, 1850—type, by subs. desig. (Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3, p. 88, 1877), Pica formosa Swainson." (Hellmayr, 1934, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VII, 11).
• (syn. Cyanocorax † Plush-crested Jay C. chrysops) "Genus, CYANURUS. ... Examples. - 1. C. cristatus. 2. Stelleri. 3. sordidus, Sw. 4. Floridanus, BON. 5. coronatus, Sw. Syn. 6. cyanopogon (Pl. col. 169). 7. pileatus (Ill. 58). 8. azureus (Ill. 168) 9. formosus (Pica formosa, Sw. Syn.) 10. cristatellus (Pl. col. 193), &c. OBS. - This group is distinguished from the European and North Asiatic Jays by the upper mandible not being abruptly bent at the tip, or very distinctly notched, by the under being weaker, and by the powerful structure of the feet. The two outer toes also are almost equal. The first three species are aberrant, connecting this and the last group [Dysornithia]. The typical species are found only in the tropics of America and India" (Swainson 1832); "The genera Psilorhinus and Cissa, with Cyanocorax of South America, form a little group by themselves; and I consider that Mr. Strickland was quite justified in separating from the last the blue Jays of North America, which constitute his Cyanocitta, An. and Mag. Nat. Hist. 1845, p. 260; but as Corvus cristatus, Lin. is the type of Mr. Swainson's Cyanurus, I conceive that this must take precedence of Cyanocitta, Strickland" (Blyth 1846); "The type of the genus Cyanocitta of Strickland is Garrulus cristatus, Linn. as stated in precise terms by the founder of the genus ... Again, the type of Cyanurus, Sw., is not Garrulus cristatus ... This error was caused by Mr. G. R. Gray's [1855] unauthorized assumption that the first species in any author's list must necessarily be his type. But Swainson himself tells us that the first three species which he mentions (i.e. C. cristatus, C. stelleri, and C. sordidus) are "aberrant," and that the "typical" species are only found in the "tropics of America and India." It is obvious therefore that Cyanurus, Sw. (1831) = Cyanocorax, Boie (1826) as stated by Strickland l.s.c., and that Cyanocitta is the proper generic name for the "Blue Jays" of America" (P. Sclater & Salvin 1876); "Cyanurus Swainson, in Richardson, Faun. Bor.-Amer., 2, p. 495, Feb., 1832— no type designated. 2 ... 2 No valid type appears to have been designated for this genus. ... Though, by common consent, Cyanurus has been regarded as synonymous with Cyanocorax, it seems advisable to formally propose a genotype to set this name at rest, and we suggest as such Corvus pileatus "Ill." = Pica chrysops Vieillot." (Hellmayr, 1934, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. VII, 17).
• (syn. Calocitta † White-throated Magpie Jay C. formosa) "Genus, CYANURUS. ... Examples. - 1. C. cristatus. 2. Stelleri. 3. sordidus, Sw. 4. Floridanus, BON. 5. coronatus, Sw. Syn. 6. cyanopogon (Pl. col. 169). 7. pileatus (Ill. 58). 8. azureus (Ill. 168) 9. formosus (Pica formosa, Sw. Syn.) 10. cristatellus (Pl. col. 193), &c. " (Swainson 1832); "A list of the genera of birds, with their synonyma an indication of the typical species of each genus. [...] CYANURUS, Swains. Corvus, Licht. Pica, Wagl. Garrulus, Gray. | C. Bullockii, (Wagl.) Bonap. P. gubernatrix, Temm., PI. col. 436. P. formosa. Swains. G. Burnettii, Gray. P. Collieii, Vigors. G. ultramarinus, (Bonap.) Audub." (Gray 1840).

Under Art. 69.2.2 of ICZN, Gray's 1840 designation (of Pica bullockii Wagler 1827, not an originally included nominal species and thus not eligible to become the type, with 5 cited synonyms, one of which was the originally included nominal species Pica formosa Swainson 1827), fixed Pica formosa Swainson 1827 as the type of Cyanurus Swainson 1832 (the genuine thing, not a redefined later concept by Bonaparte "ex Swainson"). No later action (Blyth 1846, Gray 1855, Hellmayr 1934, or whatever) can be valid.
(Clements, thus presumably BOW, use Calocitta Gray 1841 for this species. Note that Cyanurus is senior to this name (which Gray introduced a year after the above designation, having by then changed his mind about the type of Cyanurus); and that it cannot be made a nomen oblitum, because it has been used after 1899 (under the assumption that cristatus was the type, but that doesn't matter -- it has been used).)
 
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James Jobling

Well-known member
Cyanurus.
Food for thought here, Laurent, for which many thanks. Presently I am following the nomenclature in the HBW-BLI Illustrated Checklist, which subsumes Calocitta in Cyanocorax.. When, eventually, my Key is fully incorporated into Cornell's BOW, and I have been able to absorb their nomenclature, I envisage a busy time editing my 3,800 pages and, currently, 1,433,000 words.
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
"Streptopelia dussumieri gutierrezi" HACHISUKA 1930

gutierrezi continuation ... (on post #20 and #26-28)

Amendment/clarification, and thereby some (minor) steps back ...

"Our guy" Colonel Dionisio Gutierrez, is not to confuse with the Tobacco researcher Mariano E. Gutierrez (as of here), a guy with the following career, picked up in the Proceedings of the fifth Annual Conference of Tobacco (experiment station personnel for 1956), Vol. 5, published by Bureau of Plant Industry, Tobacco Division, 1956 (here, my blue):
... much to the chagrin of his Dean and Professors, rather than stay in the College of Agriculture and prepare himself for the dignified professorial position. Thus, his first job was as a Deputy Provincial Governor of Cotabato (1917-1922). Then he became Superintendent of the defunct Pikit later Sarunayan Tobacco Experiment Station in Cotabato (1922–1928). It is here where young Gutierrez started to etch his name into the history of scientific agriculture. He became interested in tobacco research particularly the, the wrapper tobacco. The Sumatra wrapper leaf that he produced in the former Pikit Tobacco Experiment Station in 1922 was of superior quality as proven by the Alhambra and Tabacalera which won for him an unsolicited commendation from former Governor-General Leonard Wood [*]. In 1931–1932, he was assigned to premier tobacco provinces as a District Agronomist of Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela, In-charge of the Cagayan Valley Tobacco Project and at the same time Superintendent of the Ilagan Tobacco Experiment Station. Subsequent positions he held were as Acting Chief, Agronomy Section (1933–1935); ...

... and onwards.

Though (as I hadn't heard of this guy earlier), the latter three links in my post #20 might be all useless, there's nothing obvious indicating that those certain three links/texts are dealing with the passing of "our guy" (Lieutenant, later Colonel) Dionisio Gutierrez. Thereby his Death remain (all) unknown ... but he seems to have been retired in 1961.

However, if they both were Governors of Cotabato, in just about the same years (one after the other), wouldn't it be somewhat unlikely that they are unrelated ...? Or is Gutierrez an extremely common name in the Philippines?

Either way, the following "Administrative Order" indicates that "our guy" Dionisio Gutierrez was still alive in 1938 (at least in February), here. He's also mentioned here, (as Lieutenant Colonel) in the same year.

Also see the Joseph Ralston Hayden Papers: 1854-1975, kept in the Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, (here), Box 42: "Reports from Dionisio Gutierrez, including material on guerrilla activities in Mindanao 1944-1945". All in line with what's written here.

Take it all for whatever it's worth. Hopefully some of it can be of use/help, in finding him (in full).

Well, I'm done on this guy.

Mr Gutierrez ... over and out! (at least on my part) ;)

Björn

PS. In this fairly recent book from 2017 there is a Photo of what can be "our guy" (unfortunately without any date or year).

________________________________________________________________
*Not to confuse with his Son and namesake [Leonard Wood, Jr. (1892–1931)] who's commemorated in:
• the Olive-backed Sunbird subspecies (Nectarinia) Cinnyris jugularis woodi MEARNS 1909 (here),
as "Cyrtostomus jugularis woodi", a k a "Wood Yellow-breasted Warbler": "Shot by Leonard Wood, jr., for whom the species is named."
 

James Jobling

Well-known member
Bulletin 14: There be of them, that have left a name behind them

Anabasitta [updated]
(syn. Margarornis † Pearled Treerunner M. squamiger) Portmanteau of genera Anabates Temminck, 1820, spinetail, and Sitta Linnaeus, 1758, nuthatch; "ANABASITTA (d'Anabates et de Sitta). OIS. — G. formé par M. d'Orbigny et nous (Voy. en Am.), pour 2 esp. d'oiseaux de ce pays, et que nous avons changé en Anabazenops, comme exprimant mieux sa double affinité." (de La Fresnaye & Orbigny 1841); "Anabates squamiger ... Mais, comme d'après ses formes de pattes, de bec, de queue et d'ailes, il ne peut être placé ni dans le genre Sitta, ni dans le genre Xenops; nous avons pensé qu'il devait former le type d'un nouveau genre intermédiaire aux Xenops, aux Sitta et aux Anabates, que nous nommerons, à cause de cela, ANABASITTA ... Anabasitta squamigera, Lafr." (de La Fresnaye & d'Orbigny 1853); "Anabasitta LAFRESNAYE a , Rev. Mag. Zool., (2) 5, p. 492, Nov. 1853— type [by original designation and monotypy] Anabates squamiger LAFRESNAYE and D'ORBIGNY. ... a In Dict. Univ. Hist. Nat., I, p. 411, 1841, where it first appeared in print, Anabasitta is a nomen nudum." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, 170).

boersii [updated]
Eponym; said to be an officer in the service of the Dutch East India Co.; "Galbola di Boërs ... Boërs la scopri nell' anzidetta isola di Banda" (Ranzani 1821) (OD per Björn Bergenholtz) (syn. Jacamerops aurea) (see Galbuloides).

Brachyurus [correction]
(syn. Conopophaga † Black-cheeked Gnateater C. melanops) Gr. βραχυς brakhus short; ουρα ourα tail; "Denne fogel finnes tecknad uti Museo Carlsoniano, Tom. 4 och Tab. 84 under namn af Turdus triostegus. ... Jag har ansett det kunna få namn af BRACHYURUS och sin plats ibland Passeres, näst efter Turdus. Character Generis blifver då Rostrum capite brevius, rectum. Mandibula superior conico-trigona apice incurvo, longior, intra apicem utrinque excisa; inferior brevior, recta. Cauda alis (non longior) æqualis, rotundata. ... Förutan BRACHYURUS triostegus ifrån Ön Ceilon, har Brasilien i sednare tider skänkt osstvenne andra arter ... BRACHYURUS gularis. B. supra olivaceus pileo rubro; temporibus atris; subtus fuscus gula crissoque albis. ... BRACHYURUS ruber. B. supra fuscus maculis dorsalibus testaceis; subtus ferrugineis." (Thunberg 1821); "Brachyurus THUNBERG, Kongl. Vetenskaps Akad. Handl., 1821, Part 2, p. 371 (types Brachyurus gularis and B. ruber = Conopophaga m. melanops [VIEILLOT])." (Hellmayr, 1924, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. III, 25). According to the Richmond Card Index, Turdus triostegus = Pitta brachyura. Var. Brachiurus.

DENDROCOLAPTES [updated]
(Furnariidae; † Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper D. certhia) Gr. δενδροκολαπτης dendrokolaptēs woodpecker < δενδρον dendron tree; κολαπτω kolaptō to peck; "DENDROCOLAPTES. Nobis. Rostrum vel incurvum vel rectum, basi nudum. Lingua . . . Pedes ambulatorii, digito posteriore modico. Rectricum rhachis in setam producta. Pic-Grimperau, Buffon T. VII. Victus moresque prorsus pici. Major species rostro valido, mandibula superiore fornicata, subcurvata. Color fuscus. Le Picucule de Cayenne. Pl. enlum. 621. Minor species, rostro mediocri, rectissimo, acuto, dorso caudaque castaneis, capite, collo, ventreque nigris, albo-maculatis, more corvi caryocatactis. Le Talapiot de Cayenne. Pl. enlum. t. 605. Genus difficulter determinatur. Inter picum, sittam, certhiam intermedium. Apud Gmelinum in Syst. Nat. hucusque non reperi." (Hermann 1804); "GENUS 24. DENDROCOLAPTES Herrmann. (Holzhauer Germ. Pic-grimpereau Gall.) ... Species: Gracula Cayennensis, Oriolus Picus LinGmel." (Illiger 1811); "The Genus Dendrocolaptes of Illiger [1811, Prodromus Syst. Mamm. Av., p. 212] (the Picacule of the French) have, in all the species I found in South America, precisely the same manners and habits as the Pici, climbing the trees with even greater facility, although their feet are those termed ambulatorii. The type of this excellent genus is Gracula cayennensis of Linnæus. M. Viellot [sic], some years after, without taking any notice of the previous distinction given these birds by Illiger, calls their genus Dendrocopus, a name evidently borrowed from Illiger; nor is this the only plagiarism committed by an ornithologist whose intrinsic merit requires no such dubious aid to increase his fame." (Swainson 1821); "Dendrocolaptes HERMANN, Observ. Zool, p. 135, 1804— type by subs. desig. (SWAINSON, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc., 3, p. 292, 1821) "Gracula cayennensis, of LINNAEUS" [= GMELIN] = Picus certhia BODDAERT." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, 259); "Dendrocolaptes Hermann, Observ. Zool., 1804, p. 135. Type, by subsequent designation, "D. Cayanensis (Gm.), Pl. enl. 621" = Picus certhia Boddaert (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 18).1 ... 1 Swainson's earlier designation of the same species as the type is invalid, since he credits the genus to Illiger, 1811." (Peters, 1951, VII, 31).

Dendroma [updated]
(syn. Philydor † Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner P. rufum) Gr. δενδρον dendron tree; -δρομος -dromos -runner < τρεχω trekhō to run; "We can, from personal observation, vouch for the fact that the creepers composing the genera, Zenops, Anabates, and Dendroma, are habitual climbers .... we have seen these birds running both up and down the trunks of trees" (Swainson 1836); "DENDROMA, Sw. (fig. 282.c) Bill straight, entire, much compressed; the culmen straight, but the tip suddenly bent down and inflexed over that of the lower mandible. Wings moderate, rounded. Tail somewhat stiff, lengthened, graduated, and very obliquely pointed. Tarsus longer than the middle and the hind toes. Lateral toes unequal, the inner shortest; hind and middle toes of equal length. All the claws moderate and broad, and fully curved. The toes more or less free. D. caniceps. Braz. Birds, pl. 80." (Swainson 1837); "Dendroma SWAINSON, Classif. Birds, 2, p. 316, 1837—generic characterse, type by subs. desig., (GRAY, 1855, p. 28) Sphenura poliocephala LICHTENSTEIN = Dendrocopus rufus VIEILLOT. ... e The only species quoted, Dendroma caniceps SWAINSON (based on the unpublished plate 80 of the author's "Ornithological Drawings") is a nomen nudum." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, 199).

Galbuloides [updated]
(syn. Jacamerops † Great Jacamar J. aureus) Genus Galbula Brisson 1760, jacamar; Gr. -οιδης -oidēs resembling; "1er GENRE. — GALBULOIDE. GALBULOIDES. (O. Des Murs.) ... Une seule espèce, le Galbuloïde de Boërs (Galbuloides [Jacamerops] Boërsii), G. R. Gray, O. Des Murs, espèce qui ne repose que sur la seule figure d'un individu vu par Le Vaillant, et qu'il croyait provenir de l'Indostan, mais que tout indique appartenir à l'Amérique tropicale. ... Nous avons donc cru, par ces motifs, devoir donner un nom générique distinct au Jacamérops de Boërs, et c'est celui de Galbuloïde (Galbuloides)." (des Murs 1851); "Ferner ist hier noch zu erwähnen die auf einem Artefact beruhende angeblich moluccensische (!) Gattung: Gen. GALBULOIDES (!) Desmurs 1851. G. Boërsi Desmurs. Grand Jacamar Levaill. Hist. Nat. Ois. Parad. &c. II. p. 123. t. 53. — Galbula Boersii Ranzani Elem. di Zool. III. p. 197. — Jacamerops Boërsii Gray Gen. B. I. p. 84. 2. — Rchb. Handb. spec. Orn. p. 89. 183. t. 459. 3284. — Galbuloides Boersi Desmurs Enc. Hist. Nat. p. 36. — Scl. Syn. Galbul. p. 10. gen. 4. 1. —Lamproptila Boërsii Cab. Ersch & Grub. Enc. Wissensch. & Künst. LII. I. p. 310. gen. 4. 2. — Galbula Jacamerops magna "Cuv." Rchb. Handb. spec. Orn. p. 89." (Cabanis & Heine 1863); "Jacamerops aurea aurea (P. L. S. Müller) Alcedo aurea P. L. S. Müller, Natursyst., Suppl., 1776, p. 94. (Berbice, British Guiana.) Galbula Boersii Ranzani, Elem. di. Zool., 3, 1821, pt. 2, p. 197. (Banda Island; error, I designate British Guiana.)" (Peters, 1948, VI, 9); "Galbuloides des Murs, 1851, in Chenu, Encyclopédie d'Histoire Naturelle, Oiseaux, II, p. 35. Type by monotypy, Jacamerops boersii Gray = Galbula boersii Ranzani = Alcedo aurea Statius Müller." (mihi 2020).

licua [updated]
Original orthography (i.e. initial capital letter) would indicate that this is an autochthonym in South Africa for the Pearl-spotted Owlet; "31. -[Strix]- Licua Licht. Habitu (i.e. partium inter se ratione, praecipue remigum rectricumque longitudine mutua) et pictura, simillima Str. passerinae Lin. (pygmaeae Bechst.), sed major, 8-pollicaris, differt quoque rectricum fasciis 6 albis latioribus vix linearibus, sed interruptis, e macula utrinque orbiculari conflatis, terminali nulla." (Lichtenstein 1842, Verz. Samml. Säugeth. Vögel. Kaffernlande, p. 12). However, Björn Bergenholtz in litt. refers to Cole 1990, S. Afr. Journ. Afr. Lang., 10 (4), p. 349, where Lekwa is given as the Tswana name for the Vaal River (the original habitat of this owl) (subsp. Glaucidium perlatum).

selbyii [updated]
(syn. Accipiter tachiro)

Tmetotrogon [upgraded]
(syn. Temnotrogon † Hispaniolan Trogon T. roseigaster) Gr. τμητος tmētos cut, shaped by cutting < τεμνω temnō to cut; genus Trogon Brisson, 1760, trogon; "Gen. TMETOTROGON* [sic] ) Bp. 1854. — Perl-Curucu. Temnotrogon (!) Bp. 1854. 132. — T. rhodogaster Bp. ... **) Ganz wie oben Apalharpactes (!) aus Apaloderma (!) und Harpactes bildete Bonaparte sicherlich auch die Benennung Temnotrogon (!) aus Temnurus und Trogon, um die zwischen diesen beiden Gattungen gleichsam vermittelnde Uebergangs-Stellung des Perl-Curucu's anzudenten; doch glückte es ihm hier nicht ganz so wie dort, sogleich einen neuen brauchbaren Namen aus zwei alten zu fabriciren, diesen "schneidenden Trogon" in einen "geschnittenen", in Tmetotrogon von τμητος (geschnitten, gestutzt) τρωγων (Nager) verwandelt, obwohl derselbe eigentlich keinen eben viel auffallender abgestutzten Schwanz zeigt, als manche andere Formen der Familie. Auch sahen wir uns genöthigt, mit Temminck an Stelle des barbarischen vorn lateinischen und hinten griechischen roseigaster (!) Vieill. das rein griechische gleich-bedeutende rhodogaster treten zu lassen." (Cabanis & Heine 1863); "Tmetotrogon Cabanis & Heine, 1863, Museum Heineanum, IV (1), p. 166. New name for Temnotrogon Bonaparte, 1854, considered barbarous. Type by monotypy, Tmetotrogon rhodogaster Cabanis & Heine, 1863 = Trogon roseigaster Vieillot, 1817." (mihi 2020).

Urotomus [updated]
(syn. Myrmornis † Southern Wing-banded Antbird M. torquata) Gr. ουρα oura tail; τομη tomē stump < τομευω tomeuō to cut; "a third type of form, wherein the tail is nearly obsolete, and the legs (from their great length), evidently show we have reached a group of cursorial or ambulatory birds, who rarely, if ever, frequent trees. These I shall call Urotomus." (Swainson 1824); "Sub-family Myiotherina. UROTOMUS. Rostrum ut in genere Drymophila. Alæ brevissimæ. Cauda brevissima, fere inconspicua. Pedes graciles, longi; tarsorum squamis lateralibus plerumque integris." (Swainson 1827); "Urotomus SWAINSON, Zool. Journ., I, No. 3, Oct. 1824, p. 302 [nom. nud.]; idem, l. c., 3, No. 10, 1827, p. 160 [= 166] (type by subs. desig., STRICKLAND, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 13, 1844, p. 416, Urotomus formicivorus GMELIN = Formicarius torquatus BODDAERT)." (Hellmayr, 1924, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. III, 322).

Xenicopsoides [updated]
(syn. Anabacerthia † Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner A. variegaticeps) Genus Xenicopsis Cabanis & Heine, 1860, foliage-gleaner; Gr. -οιδης -oidēs resembling; "Xenicopsoides subgenus nov. Characters. - Similar to Xenicopsis Cabanis, but with much less graduated and relatively shorter tail (tail less than 5/6 of wing), relatively shorter tarsus and plain under parts. (Type Anabazenops variegaticeps Sclater)" (Cory 1919); "Xenicopsoides Cory, Auk, 36, 1919, p. 273. Type, by original designation, Anabazenops variegaticeps Sclater." (Peters, 1951, VII, 127) (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, 195, erroneously gives Anabates striaticollis Sclater as type).

XENOGLAUX [updated]
(Strigidae; † Long-whiskered Owlet X. loweryi) Gr. ξενος xenos stranger; γλαυξ glaux, γλαυκος glaukos owl; “The bird in the bag was indeed an owl but totally unlike anything any of us had ever seen. It was a tiny, bare-legged owl without ear tufts. O'Neill's immediate impression was that it was "shaped like an Otus, the size of a Glaucidium, and colored like a Lophostrix." To this day the little owl has remained as exciting to us as it was on that rainy day in northern Peru. The three known specimens, two females and a male, possess a combination of characters that prevents their placement in any currently recognized genus. For this strange little owl we propose the generic name Xenoglaux gen. nov. TYPE-SPECIES: Xenoglaux loweryi O'Neill and Graves. ... Xenoglaux loweryi sp. nov. LONG-WHISKERED OWLET ... ETYMOLOGY: The name Xenoglaux comes from the Greek words Xenos, strange or foreign, and glaux, an owl, and alludes to the peculiar expression of this tiny bird with its greatly exagerrated facial whiskers, and intense, staring, amber-orange eyes that make it a true stranger among owls. The name is masculine in gender. We take pleasure in applying the specific epithet loweryi in honor of our mentor and friend George H. Lowery, Jr., in recognition of his influence upon us and upon neotropical ornithology.” (O'Neill & Graves 1977); "Xenoglaux O'Neill & Graves, 1977, Auk, 94 (3), p. 410. Type by original designation and monotypy, Xenoglaux loweryi O'Neill & Graves." (mihi 2020).

XIPHORHYNCHUS [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Campylorhamphus † Black-billed Scythebill C. falcularius) "XIPHORHYNCHUS. Rostrum gracile, elongatum, compressissimum, falcatum, immarginatum. Bill slender, long, much compressed, falcated and entire. Type. Dend. procurvus. Temm., Pl. col.. 28. By this form, the passage is marked from Dendrocolaptes to Certhia. The species appear numerous. I possess four from Brazil, and three from Mexico." (Swainson 1827); "Xiphorhynchus (not of SWAINSON, June 1827) SWAINSON, Zool. Journ., 3, No. 11, p. 334, Sept.-Dec. 1827—type by orig. desig. Dendrocolaptes procurvus TEMMINCK [= Dendrocopus falcularius Vieillot]." (Hellmayr, 1925, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IV, 339).
 

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