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BOW Key (1 Viewer)

James Jobling

Well-known member
Bulletin 17; If thou hast no name to be known by, let us call thee devil!

Anais [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Colibri † Green Violet-ear C. thalassinus cyanotus) "1537. Petasophora, Gr. — a. Anais, Reich. — b. Delphinella, Reich." (Bonaparte 1854 (nom. nud.)). I cannot find this generic name in Reichenbach's works, although it does occur specifically in his Journal für Ornith., 1854, I, Extraheft, Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 15, referring to three separate forms since identified as Colibri coruscans and C. thalassinus cyanotus. For the purposes of the Key only, I have arbitrarily chosen the above type.

Avocettinus [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Opisthoprora † Mountain Avocetbill O. euryptera) "62. AVOCETTINUS, Bp. — 266. eurypterus, Lodd. 1832. 267. carolus, Bourc. 1847." (Bonaparte 1854); "Avocettinus Bonaparte, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool., sér. 2, VI, p. 256. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 142 (Appendix)), Trochilus eurypterus Loddiges." (mihi 2020).

Basilenna
(syn. Klais † Violet-headed Hummingbird K. guimeti) Gr.βασιλλινα basilinna queen; "Gen. BASILINNA BOIE 1831. — Basilina (!) Rchb. 1849. Klais Rchb. 1854. Guimetia (!) "Rchb." Bp. 1854. Heliopaedica Gould 1858. Heliopedica (!) Scl. & Salvin 1859 ... 97. 1. B. Guimeti Rchb. ... 98. 2. B. leucotis Rchb." (Cabanis and Heine 1860); "Basilenna CAB. and HEIN., 1860: Mus. Hein., iii, p. 44, nec BOIE." (Coues 1880); by inference the classical scholar Coues considered Cabanis and Heine's "Basilenna" (i.e. Basilinna), replacing the barbarous Guimetia, different to that of Boie, 1831; "Basilenna Coues, 1880, Bull. U. S. Geolog. Geograph. Survey Territories, V, Bull. 4, Index Generum Trochilidarum, p. 693. Type, by monotypy, Trochilus guimeti Bourcier." (mihi 2020).

Bellatrix [new sub-entries]
• (syn. Lophornis † Frilled Coquette L. magnificus) "*Bellatrix magnifica (Tr. — us VIEILL. 1817.) BOIE. — Brasilia. * —— Reginae v. SCHREIBERS 1844.) RCHB. — Brasilia. * —— Gouldii (Orn. — LESS. 1832.) RCHB. — patria?" (Reichenbach 1854); "Bellatrix Reichenbach, 1854, Journ. für Ornith., I, Extraheft, Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 12. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 141 (Appendix)), Trochilus magnificus Vieillot." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Lophornis † Festive Coquette L. chalybea) "78. BELLATRIX, Boie. — 316. chalybæus, Vieill. Enc. Orn. 11, p. 574. — 317. verreauxi, Bourc. 1853." (Bonaparte 1854); "Bellatrix Bonaparte, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool., sér. 2, VI, p. 257. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 141 (Appendix)), Trochilus chalybæus Vieillot, 1822 = Trochilus chalybeus Temminck, 1821." (mihi 2020).

bohaii
Bohai Bay, Bohai Sea, north-eastern China.

CALOTHORAX [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Lafresnaya † Mountain Velvetbreast L. lafresnayi) "CALOTHORAX G. R. Gray. ... 1. C. Lafresnayi (Boiss.) Rev. Zool. 1848. p. 8. — Trochilus flavicaudatus Fras." (G. Gray 1848) (fourteen other species are listed, including, "10. C. lucifer ... Type of Calothorax G. R. Gray"); "Calothorax G. Gray, 1848, Genera Birds, I, p. 110. Type, by subsequent and erroneous designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 43), T. flavicaudata Fraser, 1840 = Trochilus lafresnayi Boissonneau, 1840." (mihi 2020).

COELIGENA [new sub-entries]
• (syn. Colibri † Sparkling Violet-ear C. coruscans) "TROCHILUS Lin. ... 3. Subgen. Cœligena Less. 4. Tr. Anais Less. Rev. Zool. 1838. p. 315. 5. Tr. furcatus Lin. Gmel. I. p. 486. 26. Ornismyia furcata Less. Ois. mouch. tab. 18." (von Tschudi 1844); "Coeligena von Tschudi, 1844, Unters. Fauna Peruana, Ornithologie, p. 39. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 49), Ramphodon anais Lesson, 1832 (not Ornismya anais Lesson, 1831) = Trochilus coruscans Gould, 1846." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Lampornis † Blue-throated Hummingbird L. clemenciae) "XIIe RACE. — LES CLÉMENCES. (Cœligena, Less.)" (Lesson 1833; see above for full OD); "Cœligena Lesson, 1833, Les Trochilidées, Index Gén., p. xviii. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 14), C. clemenciae Less. = Ornismya clemenciae Lesson. This fixation was also used by Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 29." (mihi 2020).

CYNANTHUS [new sub-entries]
• (syn. Lesbia † Black-tailed Trainbearer L. victoriae) "187. Cynanthus Sw. p. (Lesbia, Less. - Mellisuga, p. Boie, Gr.) America m. 6. 1. TROCHILUS forficatus, L. ... 2. Cynanthus bifurcatus, Sw. ... 3. TROCHILUS mocoa, Bourcier. ... 4. TROCHILUS gouldi, Loddiges 1832 nec Less. ... 5. TROCHILUS gracilis, Gould ... 6. TROCHILUS victoriae, Bourc. Rev. Zool. 1846" (Bonaparte 1850); "Cynanthus Bonaparte, 1850, Conspectus Generum Avium, I (1), p. 81. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 145), Trochilus amaryllis Bourcier, 1848 = Trochilus victoriae Bourcier and Mulsant, 1846." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Patagona † Giant Hummingbird P. gigas) "LES CYNANTHES. Cynanthus, Swainson. ... ESPÈCE 1re. OISEAU-MOUCHE PATAGON. Ornismya tristis, N. Pl. III (mâle). ... Patrie: Le Chili. Oiseau-mouche géant, trochilus gigas, Vieillot, Gal. du Muséum, pl. 180" (Lesson 1829) (eleven other 'espèces' are listed); "Cynanthus Lesson, 1829, Hist. Nat. Oiseau-Mouches, p. xi. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, p. 67), Trochilus gigas Vieillot." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Sappho † Red-tailed Comet S. sparganurus) "2. Subgen. Cynanthus Swains. 200. 3. Tr. chrysurus Cuv. Gal. Mus. Par. et Regn. Anim. I. p. 436. Tr. spargurus Shaw Gen. Zool. of Birds p. 291. 11. Ornismya Sapho Less. Man. Ornith. II. p. 83. Orthorhynchus chrysurus d'Orb. de Lafres. Syn. l. c. p. 26.3." (von Tschudi 1844); "Cynanthus von Tschudi, 1844, Archiv für Naturg., X, p. 296. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 153), T. sparganurus Shaw." (mihi 2020).

Delphinella [updated]
(syn. Colibri † Brown Violet-ear C. delphinae) Either (1) dim. < specific name Ornismya delphinae Lesson, 1839, or (2) Bonaparte's hasty misreading or mistaken portmanteau of "Telesiella delphinae" Reichenbach, 1854 (Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 13); "1537. Petasophora, Gr. — a. Anais, Reich. — b. Delphinella, Reich." (Bonaparte 1854 (nom. nud.)); "Delphinella, "REICH.," BON., Ann. Scien. Nat. (1854), p. 137. TYPE. O. delphinæ, Less.?" (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 49).

HELIODOXA [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Clytolaema † Brazilian Ruby C. rubricauda) "Heliodoxa GOULD 1849. ... * β. Heliodoxa rubinea (Tr. — us LATH. 1781.) GOULD. — Brasil. Guiana. —— Matthewsii (Tr. — BOURC. 1847.) RCHB. — Peru." (Reichenbach 1854); "Heliodoxa Reichenbach, 1854, Journ. für Ornith., I, Extraheft, Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 9. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 140 (Appendix)), Trochilus rubineus Lath. = Trochilus rubineus Gmelin = Trochilus rubricauda Boddaert." (mihi 2020).

HYLOCHARIS [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Patagona † Giant Hummingbird P. gigas) "HYLOCHARIS Boie.* ... 1. H. gigas (Vieill.) Gal. des Ois t. 180. —Ornismya tristis Less. Ois. Mouch. t. 3., Nat. Libr. xv. pl. 3.; Orn. giganteus D'Orb. & Lafr.; Type of Patagona G. R. Gray (1840). ... *M. Boie established the above genus in 1831 (Isis, 1831, p. 546.). Les Saphirs of M. Lesson (1829) are synonymous. It embraces Patagona of G. R. Gray (1840), which is the Les Patagons of M. Lesson (1829)" (G. Gray 1848) (another forty-eight forms are included in Gray's genus); "Hylocharis G. Gray, 1848, The Genera of Birds, I, p. 114. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 67), Trochilus gigas." (mihi 2020).

koikei [updated]
Kagio Koike (fl. 1929) Japanese businessman resident on Mindanao, expedition manager, explorer in the Philippines (Nobuhiko Osawa per Björn Bergenholtz in litt.) (syn. Tanygnathus lucionensis).

LAMPORNIS [new sub-entries]
• (syn. Anthracothorax † Jamaican Mango A. mango) "LAMPORNIS. Rostrum sub-arcuatum. Cauda brevis, æqualis. Types. 1. T. mango, L. 2. pella, L. 3. niger. Sw., Zool. Ill. Bill arched. Tail short, even." (Swainson 1827); "Lampornis Swainson, 1827 (Dec.), Zoological Journal, III, p. 358. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 13), L. mango (L.) Swains. = Trochilus mango Linnaeus, 1758." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Florisuga † White-necked Jacobin F. mellivora) "LES LAMPORNIS. Lampornis, Swains. ... ESP. 20. OISEAU-MOUCHE JACOBINE. Ornismya mellivora, N. pl. XXI (mâle), et XXII (femelle)." (Lesson 1829) (twenty-seven further 'espèces' are listed); "Lampornis Lesson, 1829, Hist. Nat. Oiseaux-Mouches, p. xxiij. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 47), Florisuga mellivora." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Topaza † Crimson Topaz T. pella) Reichenbach's 1850, plate XXXIX, labelled Trochilinae: Avocettulinae.Polytminae, includes the distinctive features and head-pattern of the Crimson Topaz; "Lampornis Reichenbach, 1850, Avium Syst. Nat., pl. XXXIX (generic details only, no species mentioned). Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 21), Trochilus pella Linnaeus." (mihi 2020).

LESBIA [sub-entry updated]
• (syn. Sappho † Red-tailed Comet S. sparganurus) "34. LESBIA, Less. (Cometes, Gould.) — 130. sparganurus, Shaw. 1811. — 131. phaon, Gould, 1847. — 132. mocoa, Bourc. 1845. — 133. forficata, Edw. B. t. 33, 1763. — 134. glyceria, Gould, 1854." (Bonaparte 1854); "Lesbia Bonaparte, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool., sér. 2, VI, p. 252. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 141 (Appendix)), Trochilus sparganurus Shaw." (mihi 2020).

MELLISUGA [new sub-entries]
• (syn. Ensifera † Sword-billed Hummingbird E. ensifera) "MELLISUGA Briss. ... 1. M. ensifera (Boiss.) Rev. Zool. 1839. p. 354, Mag. de Zool. 1840. Ois. t. 15. —Trochilus Derbyanus Fras." (G. Gray 1848) (Gray's genus includes another one hundred forms); "Mellisuga G. Gray, 1848, Genera of Birds, p. 111. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 68), Ornismya ensifera Boissonneau." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Thalurania † Fork-tailed Woodnymph T. furcata) "Mellisuga Briss. ... Arten 1. Troch. furcatus Gm. 2. —— polytmus Linn. 3. —— forficatus Linn. 4. —— macrourus Gm. 5 —— pileatus Pr. Max. 6 —— ourissia. Gm. 7 —— glaucopis. Gm." (Boie 1831); "Mellisuga Boie, 1831, Isis von Oken, col. 545. Type, by subequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 98), Trochilus furcatus Gmelin." (mihi 2020) (but see next sub-entry).
• (syn. Trochilus † Red-billed Streamertail T. polytmus) "Mellisuga Briss. ... Arten 1. Troch. furcatus Gm. 2. —— polytmus Linn. 3. —— forficatus Linn. 4. —— macrourus Gm. 5 —— pileatus Pr. Max. 6 —— ourissia. Gm. 7 —— glaucopis. Gm." (Boie 1831); "Mellisuga Boie, 1831, Isis von Oken, col. 545. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 14), Trochilus polytmus Linnaeus." (mihi 2020).

PHAETHORNIS [new sub-entries]
• (syn. Thaumastura † Peruvian Sheartail T. cora) "5. Subgen. Phaetornis Swains. 204. 7. Tr. Cora. Orthorhynchus Cora Less. Garn. Zool. Coq. pl. 31. 4. Ornismya Cora Man. Ornith. II. p. 82." (von Tschudi 1844); "Phaethornis von Tschudi, 1844, Archiv für Naturgesch., X, p. 297. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 122), Orthorhynchus cora Lesson." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Trochilus † Red-billed Streamertail T. polytmus) "Phœthornis, Swainson. ... La tête est sans ornament ou munie de huppes. ESP. 13. OISEAU-MOUCHE A TÊTE NOIRE. Ornismya cephalatra. N. ... Trochilus polytmus, L. sp. 4 ... ESP. 14. OISEAU-MOUCHE A OREILLES D'AZUR. Ornismya aurita. N. ... ESP. 15. OISEAU-MOUCHE AUX HUPPES D'OR. Ornismya chrysolopha. N. ... Trochilus cornutus, prince de Wied ... ESP. 16. OISEAU-MOUCHE LANGSDORFF. Ornismya Langsdorffii. N. ... ESP. 17. OISEAU-MOUCHE CORA. Ornismya Cora. N. ... ESP. 18. OISEAU-MOUCHE A QUEUE SINGULIÈRE. Ornismya heteropygia. N. ... Trochilus enicurus, Vieill." (Lesson 1829); "Phaethornis Lesson, 1829, Hist. Nat. Oiseaux-Mouches, p. xviij. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 14), Ornismya cephalatra Lesson = Trochilus polytmus Linnaeus." (mihi 2020).

POLYTMUS [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Topaza † Crimson Topaz T. pella) "3. Polytmus Brisson. ... Arten 1. Trochilus paradiseus Linn. 2. —— cyanurus Linn. 3. —— pella Linn. Surinam. 4. —— superciliosus Linn. Cayenne." (Boie 1831); "Polytmus Boie, 1831, Isis von Oken, col. 545. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 13), Trochilus pella Linnaeus." (mihi 2020).

Praxilla [updated]
(syn. Colibri † Green Violet-ear C. thalassinus cyanotus) Praxila (fl. 492 BC) lyric poetess of Sicyon; "Petasophora GOULD. ... * γ. Praxilla RCHB. Anais (Orn. — LESS. 1832.) GOULD. — Columb.: Bog. Peru. * —— thalassina (Tr. — SWAINS. 1827.) GOULD. — Mex.: Temiscaltipec. Guatemala, Costa Rica, Veragua, Panama. * —— iolata GOULD 1947. — Bolivia. * —— corruscans GOULD 1847. — patria? * —— cyanotus (Tr. — BOURC. MULS. 1843.) GOULD. — Ecuador, Columbia — Veragua et Costa Rica, Caracas, Peru. " (Reichenbach 1854); "Praxilla Reichenbach, 1854, Journ. für Ornith., I, Extraheft, Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 13. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 139 (Appendix)), Trochilus cyanotis Bourc. = Trochilus cyanotus Bourcier." (mihi 2020).

Smaragdites [new sub-entries]
• (syn. Anthracothorax † Puerto Rican Mango A. aurulentus) "Smaragdites. ... 2. — aurulentus" (Boie 1831) (for full OD see below); "The genus SMARAGDITES, Boie (l. c.), is a composite one. The first species cited by him is Trochilus viridissimus, but as no author's name is given, it is impossible to say what species is intended. The next is T. aurulentus, Vieill. (= T. dominicus, Linn.), and this I have adopted as the type of his genus." (Elliot 1879); "Smaragdites Boie, Isis von Oken, 1831, col. 547. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 37), Trochilus aurulentus Vieill. = Trochilus aurulentus Audebert and Vieillot, 1801." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Discosura † Racquet-tailed Coquette D. longicaudus) "Smaragdites. ... 5. — longicaudus" (Boie 1831) (for full OD see below); "Smaragdites Boie, Isis von Oken, 1831, col. 547. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 14), T. platurus, Lath. = Trochilus longicaudus Gmelin." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Orthorhynchus † Antillean Crested Hummingbird O. cristatus) "Smaragdites. ... 6. — cristatus Linn." (Boie 1831) (for full OD see below); "Smaragdites Boie, Isis von Oken, 1831, col. 547. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray List Genera Birds, 1840, p. 14), O. cristatus Cuv. = Trochilus cristatus Linaneus, 1758." (mihi 2020).
• (syn. Polytmus † Green-tailed Goldenthroat P. theresiae) "Smaragdites. a. Obere Theile grün, Kehle und Brust bey ♂ prächtig grün. b. Schnabel gerade. c. Schwanz abgerundet. Arten. 1. Tr. viridissimus. 2. — aurulentus Vieill. 3. — viridis — 4. — Maugei — 5. — longicaudus — 6. — cristatus Linn. 7. — Tobaci Gm." (Boie 1831); "Smaragdites Boie, Isis von Oken, 1831, col. 547. Type, by subsequent designation, Trochilus viridissimus [Audebert and] Vieillot, not of Gmelin = Trochilus theresiae Da Silva Maia. (G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 21.)" (Peters, 1945, V, 58).

Smaragditis
(syn. Stephanoxis † Green-crowned Plovercrest S. lalandi) Gr. σμαραγδιτης smaragditēs emerald-coloured < σμαραγδος smaragdos emerald; Reichenbach's 1850, plate XL, labelled Trochilinae.Mellisuginae.Phaëtorninae, shows Smaragditis with the distinctive wispy crest of the plovercrests; "Smaragditis Reichenbach, 1850, Avium Syst. Nat., pl. XL (no species mentioned). Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 23), Trochilus delalandii Vieill. = Trochilus lalandi Vieillot, 1818." (mihi 2020).

Strophiolaemus
(syn. Heliodoxa † Black-throated Brilliant H. schreibersii) Gr. στροφιον strophion breast-band < dim. στροφος strophos girdle < στρεφω strephō to twist; λαιμος laimos throat; "309. STROPHIOLÆMUS, Gould, 1853. (Trochilus Schrebersii, Lodd. [1847 = Trochilus schreibersii Bourcier ex Loddiges MS, 1845] ... 309. Alter to IONOLAIMA, Reichenb. 1854. Jonolæma, Pr. B. 1854. Iolæma, Gould, 1854, &c.)" (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., pp. 20, 139 (Appendix)). In the absence of Gould's diagnosis, yet to be found, and improbable though it may seem, this should be considered Gray's lapsus for Ionolaima.

TROCHILUS [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Heliomaster † Long-billed Starthroat H. longirostris) "TROCHILUS. Rostrum rectissimum. Cauda mediocris, æqualis, vel rotunda. Types. 1. T. superbus, Shaw. 2. pileatus, Lath. 3. collaris, L, 4. O. M. à double huppe. Temm., Pl. col. 18. f. 3." (Swainson 1827); "Trochilus Swainson, 1827 (not Linnaeus, 1758), Zool. Journal, III (xi), p. 357. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 82), Trochilus superbus Shaw and Nodder, 1802 = Trochilus longirostris Audebert and Vieillot, 1802." (mihi 2020).
 

James Jobling

Well-known member
Mark,
I am not going crazy, neither am I (yet) subject to too much Sauvignon Blanc. All my Bulletin headers are famous quotations, chosen mainly because they include the word 'name'. Anais clemenciae Lesson 1840 is unidentifiable, probably an artefact (and is so treated in the Key MS.)
All harmony.
 
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Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
Bulletin 17; ...

Anais [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Colibri † Green Violet-ear C. thalassinus cyanotus) "1537. Petasophora, Gr. — a. Anais, Reich. — b. Delphinella, Reich." (Bonaparte 1854 (nom. nud.)). I cannot find this generic name in Reichenbach's works, although it does occur specifically in his Journal für Ornith., 1854, I, Extraheft, Aufzählung der Colibris, p. 15, referring to three separate forms since identified as Colibri coruscans and C. thalassinus cyanotus. For the purposes of the Key only, I have arbitrarily chosen the above type.

[...]
I also gave it a try, even if a bit (way) off my turf ...

Aufzählung der Colibris [Oder Trochilideen in ihrer wahren natürlichen Verwandtschaft, nebst Schlüssel ihrer Synonymik] (1854)

Reichenbach's Humming-bird species: "Praxilla RHB Anaïs (Orn. — LESS. 1832.)" (here, on p.13, below Petasophorinae).

According to the Richmond card (here) this is also where the name Praxilla was introduced "as a subgenus" (of Gould's Petasphora), incl. five "taxa". Also compare with the Specierum synonymica clavis ... (on p.15).

However, no sign of any generic Anais (or Anaïs), at least not by Reichenbach. Sorry.

Lesson's "Ornismya anais" (1832), here, and Plate here.

For whatever it's worth.

/B

PS. Also see Gould's comment, from 1849, on the "Great confusion .. of the term Anais ..." (here)
.
 
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Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
Bulletin 17; ...

[...]

Strophiolaemus
(syn. Heliodoxa † Black-throated Brilliant H. schreibersii) Gr. στροφιον strophion breast-band < dim. στροφος strophos girdle < στρεφω strephō to twist; λαιμος laimos throat; "309. STROPHIOLÆMUS, Gould, 1853. (Trochilus Schrebersii, Lodd. [1847 = Trochilus schreibersii Bourcier ex Loddiges MS, 1845] ... 309. Alter to IONOLAIMA, Reichenb. 1854. Jonolæma, Pr. B. 1854. Iolæma, Gould, 1854, &c.)" (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., pp. 20, 139 (Appendix)). In the absence of Gould's diagnosis, yet to be found, and improbable though it may seem, this should be considered Gray's lapsus for Ionolaima.

[...]
According to Nomenclator Zoologicus, by Neave (1940) Strophiolaemus is only a MS name: "(Gould MS)", here.

Ditto (or very, very similar), in Nomenclator animalium generum et subgenerum, vol. 5, by Schulze & Kükenthal (1936), here.

If of any help/use?

/B
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
Bulletin 17; ...

Anais [new sub-entry]...

[...]
Sorry, I forgot ...

Re. the Etymology itself of Lesson's anais, 1832 (which supposedly also would go for any later generic Anais/Anaïs), see Zoological Bibliography 3 (5), by Dickinson, Bruce & Davis, 2015 (here, p.116), in foot-note (No.73).

At least I assume it's aimed at her, poor child.

The same Paper, and page, also cover Lesson's clementiae (1827).

Bulletin 17 ... over and out!

/B

______________________________________________________________________________
Dickinson, E. C., M. D. Bruce & N. David. 2015. A review of the authorship and dates of publication of birds newly described
from the ʺVoyage de la Coquilleʺ (1822‐1825) with comments on some spellings. Zoological Bibliography 3 (5): pp.69–162.
 
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mb1848

Well-known member
Very thorough Björn. There is Ornismya Anais Lesson 1829? But also Ramphodon anais Lesson, 1832 They are different. A. clemenciae probably named for second wife of Lesson Marie Clemence? Giebel in 1872 considered Anais as a subgenera of Artami.
https://books.google.com/books?id=y...CAEQAg#v=onepage&q=Artamus clemenciae&f=false . Page 342. Wallace called the swallow-shrike of Borneo Artamus clemenciae.
https://books.google.com/books?id=e...CAoQAg#v=onepage&q=Artamus clemenciae&f=false . Page 353. So White-breasted Wood Swallow.
Artamus leucorynchus leucorynchus (Linnaeus) 1771 MantissaPlant. p.524 .
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/137335#page/392/mode/1up .
Gray put Anais under Artamus .
Catalogue of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds
1855. Page 58.
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
... A. clemenciae probably named for second wife of Lesson Marie Clemence? ...
...
Mark, I think you can drop the "probably" part, and the question mark, on clemenciae, to me, there's little doubt (on both clemenciae and clementiae, the latter explained in Dickinson, et al., 2015, p.116):
Named for Clémence Dumont (“mon épouse”), daughter of Charles Henri Dumont, and Lesson’s second wife (Lesson, 1846: 63)73. The account in the Manuel, written in the first person singular, mentions this.
[...]
Also see the foot-note, on the same page:
In full she was Marie Clémence Dumont de Sainte‐Croix ...
Lesson's Family (alt. families), wifes, and daughters, have (earlier) been dealt with in threads:

Biography from J.B.D. Dumont (here)
Ceciliae and cecilae (here)
Some doubts on Prévost (See Martin's post #22, here)

Cheers

/B
 

James Jobling

Well-known member
Bulletin 18; These bulletins highlight further text and corrections to my Key MS. This information, together with numerous excluded smaller items (mainly eponymic minutiae, type fixations, typos), will be used to enhance the BOWKey after it becomes available on-line.
A quick glossary of some of the header phrases used in these bulletins;
[updated] = text enhanced, type species corrected as necessary, in existing header.
[upgraded] = generic name treated as a variant (Var.) in HBWAlive Key/early Key MS, but, following re-assessment, now regarded worthy of its own entry.
[new sub-entry] = additional to existing header (usually resulting from study of monographs and specific works; you will have noticed the recent flush of hummingbird names!)

Callopistria [updated]
(syn. Heliomaster † Blue-tufted Starthroat H. furcifer) Dim. from Gr. καλλος kallos beauty < καλος kalos beautiful; οπισθη opisthē rear, at the back; "Dorifereæ. — 1544. Heliomastes, Bp. — 1545. Ornithomyia, Bp. (Callopistria, Reich.) — 1546. Dorifera, Gould. (Hemistephania, Reich.)" (Bonaparte 1854) (nom. nud.); probably a lapsus for Calliperidia Reichenbach, 1854.

Chaetusia [upgraded]
(syn. Vanellus † Sociable Plover V. gregarius) Gr. χαιτη khaitē long flowing hair; "Genus Chaetusia [Chettusia (!)] Bp. 1839." (Heine & Reichenow 1890); "Chaetusia Heine and Reichenow, 1890, Nomencl. Musei Heineani Ornith., p. 334. Replacement name for Chettusia Bonaparte, considered barbarous. The authors were clearly unaware of the etymology of Bonaparte's generic name (although they would have probably treated that as even more barbarous!)" (mihi 2020).

CINNYRICINCLUS [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Anthreptes † Western Violet-backed Sunbird A. longuemarei) "Genus VIII. ANTHOTHREPTES. ... Cinnyricinclus, Less. Rev. Zool. iii. p. 272 (1840) . . . . Type. A. longuemarii." (Shelley, 1896, Birds of Africa, I, p. 6) (see Lamprothreptes).

Coccyzon [upgraded]
(syn. Coccyzus † Yellow-billed Cuckoo C. americanus) Gr. κοκκυζω kokkuzō to cry cuckoo < κοκκυ kokku cuckoo! the bird’s cry; "Genus Coccyzon [Coccyzus (!)] Vieill. 1816." (Heine & Reichenow, 1890); "Coccyzon Heine and Reichenow, 1890, Nomencl. Musei Heineani Ornith., p. 202. New name for Coccyzus Vieillot, considered incorrectly formed." (mihi 2020).

Coccyzusa [upgraded]
(syn. Coccycua † Little Cuckoo C. minuta) Gr. κοκκυζω kokkuzō to cry cuckoo; "Will man diese Art wegen ihres kleinern schwächern Schnabels generisch von Pyrrhococcyx sondern, so möchten wir vorschlagen, die barbarische aus zwei barbarischen Wörten zusammengesetzte lesson'sche Benennung Coccycua (von Coccyzus (!) und Coua (!!) gebildet) in Coccyzusa ( — κοκκυζουσα, Fem. Partic. von κοκκυζω) umzuändern und den ältesten illiger'schen Speciesnamen adoptirend sie als Coccyzusa rutila im System aufzuführen." (Cabanis & Heine 1862); "Coccyzusa Cabanis and Heine, 1862, Museum Heineanum, IV (1), p. 89. New name for Coccycua Lesson, considered barbarous." (mihi 2020).

Elanopterus [updated]
(syn. Chelictinia † Scissor-tailed Kite C. riocourii) Gr. ελανος elanos kite; πτερον pteron wing; the Richmond Index indicates that this name is a lapsus for Chelidopteryx; "Nel breve spazio di tempo che mi fu concesso di rimanervi vidi per ben due volte passare per l'aria lo Elanopterus Riocourii, il Micronosus [sic] monogrammicus, il Ceryle maxima, che appena schizzato via dal fondo di un kor mi sparì dagli occhi, e finalmente uno Spizaëtos ben differente dall' occipitalis (che havvi comunissimo), il quale posato sulla cima di un tamarindo non potei avvicinare." (Antinori 1864); "Elanopterus Antinori, 1864, Cat. Descritt. Collezione Uccelli Affrica centrale nord, p. XI. Type, by monotypy, Elanopterus riocourii." (mihi 2020).

Geranospizias [upgraded]
(syn. Geranospiza † Crane Hawk G. caerulescens gracilis) Gr. γερανος geranos crane (i.e. long-legged); σπιζιας spizias hawk < σπιζα spiza finch < σπιζω spizō to chirp; πιαζω piazō to seize; "Geranospizias *) Kp. (hemidactylus Tem. Col. 3 et 91) digito externo parvo. ... *) Obs. Spiza est nomen antiquum, græcum, aviculæ cujusdam, e gr. Fringillæ: Spizias vero est nomen Falconis s. Accipitris minoris, Spizas capientis. Ergo nomina hæc et similia Accipitrum scribenda sunt: Leucospizias, Lophospizias, Urospizias etc." (Sundevall 1873); "Geranospizias Sundevall, Meth. Nat. Av. Disp. Tent., p. 107, 1873—new name for Geranospiza Kaup." (Hellmayr & Conover, 1949, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (4), 227).

GULOSUS [updated]
(Phalacrocoracidae; † European Shag G. aristotelis) L. gulosus gluttonous < gula gluttony; "‡ CORVORANT. GULOSUS. Shag Crested S. } Graculus Cristatus ‡ It is proposed to separate the Corvorant from the genus Pelican." (Montagu 1813); "These birds, by reason of their weight in proportion to their feathers, swim deep in the water, shewing only their head, neck, and back; are expert divers, and devour a prodigious quantity of fish" (Rennie in Montagu 1831); "Gulosus Montagu, 1813, Supplement to the Ornith. Dict. Synop. British Birds, Catalogue, final page (unpaginated). Type, by monotypy, Gulosus graculus Montagu = Pelecanus aristotelis Linnaeus." (mihi 2020).

Lophorinus [upgraded]
(syn. Lophornis † Tufted Coquette L. ornatus) Gr. λοφος lophos crest, tuft; ῥις rhis, ῥινος rhinos nose; "77. LOPHORNIS, Less. (Lophorinus.) — 310. delattrii, Less. 1839. — 311. reginæ, Gould, 1847. — 312. ornatus, Gm. 1788. — 313. gouldi, Less. 1832. — 314. helena, Delattr. 1843. — 315. magnificus, Vieill. 1817." (Bonaparte 1854); "Lophorinus Bonaparte, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool., sér. 2, VI, p. 257. Alternative name for Lophornis Lesson, 1829." (mihi 2020).

Mecocerciscus [upgraded]
(syn. Mecocerculus † White-throated Tyrannulet M. leucophrys setophagoides) Dim. < Gr. μηκος mēkos length; κερκος kerkos tail; "Genus Mecocerciscus [Mecocerculus (!)] Scl. 1862." (Heine & Reichenow 1890); "Mecocerciscus Heine and Reichenow, 1890, Nomencl. Musei Heineani Ornith., p. 139. New name for Mecocerculus P. Sclater, considered incorrectly formed." (mihi 2020).

Monastes [upgraded]
(syn. Monasa † Black Nunbird M. atra) Late Gr. μοναστης monastēs monk; "2. Monastes.*) ... *) Da VIEILLOT's Name Monasa auf einer falschen Lesart beruht, und eigentlich Monastes heissen muss, so scheint mir die WAGLER'sche Aenderung in Lypornis überflüssig zu sein." (Nitzsch 1840); "Monastes Nitzsch, 1840, System der Pterylographie, p. 135. New name for Monasa Vieillot, considered incorrectly formed." (mihi 2020).

Ornithomyia [upgraded]
(syn. Heliomaster † Blue-tufted Starthroat H. furcifer) Gr. ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos bird; μυια muia, μυιας muias fly; "24. ORNITHOMYIA, Bp. — 87. mesoleuca, Temm. Pl. col. 317. 1. 2. 3. — 88. angela, Lesson, Ill. t. 49 et 50." (Bonaparte 1854); "Ornithomyia Bonaparte, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool., sér. 2, VI, p. 251. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 140 (Appendix)), Ornismya angelae Lesson = Trochilus furcifer Shaw." (mihi 2020).

Porphyrocephalus [upgraded]
(syn. Purpureicephalus † Red-capped Parrot P. spurius) Gr. πορφυρα porphura purple; -κεφαλος -kephalos -headed < κεφαλη kephalē head; "Genus Porphyrocephalus Heine [Purpureicephalus (!) Bp. 1854]." (Heine, in Heine and Reichenow, 1890, Nomencl. Musei Heineani Ornith., p. 241. New name for Purpureicephalus Bonaparte, considered incorrectly formed." (mihi 2020).

Rostrihamus [upgraded]
(syn. Rostrhamus † Snail Kite R. sociabilis) L. rostrum beak; hamus hook; "N.o 109: Rostrihamus tenuirostris Bertoni (sp. n.) (Del lat. rostrum, pico, y hamus, anzuelo; de tenuis, delgado, y rostris, pico. Quizás sea una variedad de R. sociabilis (Vieill.) ó Sociable de Azara)." (Bertoni 1901); "8. Rostrihamus, nicht Rostrhamus. Der von Lesson unrichtig geschriebene Gattungsname Rosthramus, der später von Agassiz (1846) und Sundevall (1873) in Rostrhamus abgeändert wurde, ist trotze dessen ein inkorrektes Compositum, und zwar aus dem Grunde, weil der Name aus rostrum und hamus gebildet, Rostrihamus geschrieben werden muss, da keine Ursache vorliegt, den Schlusslaut i des ersten Stammwortes vor dem Anlaute h des zweiten auszustossen" (Berg 1902); "Rostrihamus Bertoni, Anal. Cient. Parag., 1, p. 171, Jan., 1901—type, by monotypy, Rostrihamus tenuirostris Bertoni = Herpetotheres sociabilis Vieillot; Berg, Commun. Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, 1, No. 8, p. 287, March 18, 1901 [= June 1902]—emendation of Rostrhamus Lesson." (Hellmayr & Conover, 1949, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (4), 41).

Spiziacircus [upgraded]
(syn. Circus † Long-winged Harrier C. buffoni) Gr. σπιζιας spizias hawk < σπιζα spiza finch < σπιζω spizō to chirp; πιαζω piazō to seize; κιρκος kirkos partly mythical hawk, named for its circling flight < κιρκος kirkos circle, mentioned by many classical authors and later identified with the Hen Harrier (cf. genus Circus de Lacépède, 1799, harrier); "III. Genus Circus, Lac. ... d) Spiziacircus, Kaup. 8) C. macropterus, Vieill. F. palustris, Pr. Max. Pl. col. 22. S. Am." (Kaup 1850); "Spiziacercus [sic] Kaup, Arch. Naturg., 16, (1), p. 32, 1850—type, by monotypy, Circus macropterus Vieillot = Falco brasiliensis Gmelin [unidentifiable = Falco buffoni Gmelin]" (Hellmayr & Conover, 1949, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. I (4), 219).
Var. Spiziacercus.

Thaumatias [new sub-entry]
• (syn. Amazilia † White-bellied Emerald A. candida) "The genus Thaumatias, as proposed by Bonaparte and adopted by me, comprises many species respecting which much confusion exists, especially with regard to the names applied to them by the older authors ... I mean the impossibility of determining the species intended in the curt descriptions left us by Gmelin and others of Tobaci or Tobagensis, Ourissia, cum multis aliis. Genus THAUMATIAS, Bonap. ... 323. THAUMATIAS CANDIDUS . . . . .Vol. V. Pl. CCXCII. Trochilus candidus, Bourc. et Muls. Polytmus candidus, Gray & Mitch. Thaumatias candidus, Bonap. *Agyrtria candida, Cab. et Hein. Mus. Hein. Theil iii. p. 33, note." (Gould 1861) (another fourteen forms are included in Gould's genus); "Thaumatias Gould, 1861, Introduction Trochilidae, p. 151. Type, by subsequent designation (Elliot, 1879, Smithsonian Contrib. Knowledge, 317, Classif. Synop. Trochilidae, p. 201), Trochilus candidus Bourcier." (mihi 2020).

Thyellus [upgraded]
(syn. Ardenna † Wedge-tailed Shearwater A. pacificus chlororhyncha) Gr. θυελλα thuella storm, hurricane < θυω thuō to rage; "Genera et Species typicae. ... a. * Puffinus BRISS. ... b. * Thyellus Glog. sphenurus (Puff. —Gould) Rchb. Ic. Av. t. 24. ic. 2602—3." (Reichenbach 1850); "Thyellus "Gloger" Reichenbach, 1850, Avium Systema Naturale, p. IV. Type, by original designation, Puffinus sphenurus Gould = Puffinus chlororhynchus Lesson." (mihi 2020) (see Thyellas).
Var. Thiellus, Theillus.
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
Just an overall/general question, James, in comparison to the dear old HBW Key, simply for clarity:

Are you not going to use italics onwards?

As of right now the various entries in these 'Bulletins' are slightly hard to read/grasp, at least for a non-scholar like me [simply finding it a bit tricky to understand what's what; Greek, Latin, Authors (Auctors), alt. referent/s, references, quotes (in quotes), or not, etc., etc.] Your earlier use of italics made it (far) easier to follow.

Or is this only a (somewhat time-saving) merely graphic, appearance only in these BirdForum 'Bulletins', in temporary preparation for the up-coming BoW Key (where order again will be restored, with italics back in place)?

Just curious

Björn
 

James Jobling

Well-known member
Yes, merely time-saving for the Bulletins only. My Key MS has the full range, but it doesn't automatically "translate" to BirdForum. The BOWKey will have the full range of italics, bold, etc. etc.
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
Thanks, James!

I can now lean back, in safe assurance. Nothing else to do, but to crawl into a dark corner, nestle up, and simply wait, in patience, for the BoW Key, mouth shut and fingers calm.

Looking forward to see it up-and-running.

/B
 

James Jobling

Well-known member
Bulletin 19; 'When I use a word,' Humpty Dumpty said in rather a scornful tone, 'it means just what I choose it to mean - neither more nor less.'

Baeopipo [updated]
(syn. Picoides † Indian Pygmy Woodpecker P. nanus) Gr. βαιος baios small, little; πιπω pipō woodpecker; "Gen. BAEOPIPO *) Nob. — Zwerg-Buntspecht. Yungipicus (!) Bp. 1854. 206.—7. B. variegata Nob. ?Picus minor pt. Horsf. (nec Lin.) Trans. Linn. Soc. XIII. p. 177. 6. — Raffl. l. l. p. 290. 5. — Picus variegatus Wagl.**) Syst. Av. gen. Picus sp. 27. — Malh. Mon. Picid. I. p. 130. t. 33. 8—10. — Picus moluccensis Temm. (nec Gm.) Tabl. Méth. p. 63. ... 207.—11. B. validirostris Nob. Petit pic d'Antigue Sonn. Voy. Nouv.-Guin. p. 118. t. 77. — Picus minor var. Lath. Ind. Orn. I. p. 230. 15. var. β. ... *) Anstatt des unstatthaften regelwidrigen benaparte'schen [sic] Namens Yungipicus (!) setzen wir die obige von βαιος (gering, unbedeutend) und πιπω (Specht) gebildete Benennung. — **) Uebrigens sind die fernern Arten dieser verhältnissmässig durch zahlreiche Repräsentanten vertretenen Gattung ausser den beiden im Texte aufgeführten etwa folgende: 1. B. semicoronata Nob. ... 2. P.[sic] menisca Nob. ... 3. B. scintilliceps Nob. ... 4. B. Mitchelli Nob. ... 5. B. pygmaea Nob. ... 6. B. nana Nob. ... 8. B. canicapilla Nob. ... 9. B. gymnophthalma Nob. ... 10. B. aurita Nob. ... 12. B. kisuki Nob. ... 13. B. Temmincki Nob." (Cabanis & Heine 1863); "Baeopipo Cabanis and Heine, 1863, Museum Heineanum, IV (2), p. 54. Replacement name for Yungipicus Bonaparte, considered barbarous and improperly formed." (mihi 2020).

carlotta [correction]
Charlotte Honorine Joséphine Pauline Princesse Bonaparte and Contessa Primoli di Foglia (1832-1901) daughter of French ornithologist Prince Charles Bonaparte (syn. Chrysocolaptes stricklandi).

DRYMOTOXERES [updated]
(Furnariidae; † Greater Scythebill D. pucherani) Gr. δρυμος drumos woodland; τοξηρης toxērēs furnished with the bow < τοξον toxon bow; "To maintain a phylogenetic classification, it is necessary to remove C. pucherani from Campylorhamphus. Given that transferring C. pucherani to Drymornis would create an exceptionally heterogeneous genus and that there are no generic names available for C. pucherani, we here describe a new genus. Drymotoxeres gen. nov. Figures 1B and 2B Type species.—Xiphorhynchus pucherani Des Murs 1849. Monotypic. ... Etymology.—The name is masculine, from the Greek drymos (woods) and toxeres (furnished with a bow) treated as a noun, referring, respectively, to the habitat and the thin bow-shaped bill of D. pucherani. ... The most distinctive features of Drymotoxeres are its elongated toes and claws. ... The elongated toes and claws of Drymotoxeres may be related to greater use of the thin trunks and branches that are typical of many high-elevation trees. Alternatively, the elongated toes and claws may represent specializations for climbing the moss-covered trees of the cloud forest. The elongated claws can penetrate the thick layer of moss, allowing the bird either to cling to the mass of soft material or to reach a firmer substrate underneath." (Claramunt et al. 2010); "Drymotoxeres Claramunt, Derryberry, Chesser, Aleixo and Brumfield, 2010, Auk, 127 (2), p. 434. Type, by original designation and monotypy, Xiphorhynchus pucherani des Murs." (mihi 2020).

Edithornis [updated]
‡ (syn. Pareudiastes † Makira Moorhen P. silvestris) Edith Brevoort Baker née Kane (1884-1977) wife of US financier and philanthropist George Fisher Baker, Jr. (1878-1937); Gr. ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos bird; the Makira Moorhen is still known only from the single specimen collected by a local hunter in 1929 in primaeval forest on San Cristobal I., Solomon Is.; "EDITHORNIS, new genus ... GENOTYPE.—Edithornis silvestris, new species. ... This remarkable new rail stands out among the numerous discoveries of new species by the Whitney South Sea Expedition. It is a type quite by itself and apparently has no close relative. Of all the rails known to me, the extinct (?) Samoan rail Pareudiastes shows the greatest likeness to Edithornis. It gives me pleasure to name this genus in honor of Mrs. George F. Baker, Jr., who has shown so much interest in the progress of the Whitney South Seas Expedition. Edithornis differs from Pareudiastes by having bill and feet much more developed. The frontal shield is larger and the feathering on the sides of the head is different. Tarsus and feet are comparatively much longer. I can say very little about the habits of this bird, which was collected by one of our native hunters. According to them, this bird, which they call "Kia" (pronounced Keéa), lives in the dense undergrowth of the mountain forest. Apparently it does not fly very much, if at all, and is hunted by the natives with dogs. The bird seems to be very rare, as we did not succeed in getting a second specimen in spite of all the inducements I offered, realizing at once the value of this new genus." (Mayr 1933); "Edithornis Mayr, 1933, American Museum Novitates, 590, p. 1. Type, by original designation and monotypy, Edithornis silvestris Mayr." (mihi 2020).

eisentrauti [updated]
Prof. Dr Martin Eisentraut (1902-1994) German zoologist, collector in West Africa (subsp. Estrilda nonnula, Melignomon (Peter Colston (pers. comm.) had intended to name the Yellow-footed Honeyguide ‘Melignomon serlei’ after Dr William Serle, the Scottish ornithologist who collected the first specimen, but generously sent a copy of his paper, “to Dr. M. Louette in October 1980, shortly after it had been submitted for publication. Dr. Louette has since seen fit to describe the new honeyguide without informing us of his intention ... His paper came to hand while this one was in proof and it has been possible to do little more than delete the proposed name and substitute eisentrauti for it in the text and table” (Colston 1981); “Before describing the taxon, M. Louette had offered to send [the holotype] to the British Museum (Natural History) in order to enlarge the existing material for comparison. However, this offer was declined, despite the intension [sic] of a possible co-authorship” (Louette et al. 2010)) (see serlei).

Eudites [upgraded]
(syn. Gavia † Great Northern Diver G. immer) Gr. ευ eu fine; δυτης dutēs diver < δυω duō to dive; "1. Colymbus glacialis. ... 1. Eistaucher. Eudites *). ... E[ntwickelung]. Sie haben sich wie Colymbus aus einer untergegangenen Batrachiergattung gebildet. Ch[arakter]. Riesenmäßige Taucher; deren Männchen schwarzen kopf, Hals und Rücken haben, welche letztere mit großen viereckigen weißen Flecken geziert sind. L[ebensart]. Sie leben fast beständig auf dem Wasser, tauchen sehr geschickt mit angeschlossenen Flügeln, nähsich von Fischen, bauen ihr Nest auf's Trockene, legen 2 Eier und haben eine durchdringende Stimme. ... *) Um keine neuen Namen zu geben, habe ich hier, wie an vielen Arten, einen älteren Namen angewandt, obgleich ich wohl weiß, daß Illiger seinen Namen für die ganze Gattung angewandt wissen wollte" (Kaup 1829); "Eudites Kaup, 1829, Skizz. Entwick.-Gesch. Natürliches System Europ. Thierwelt, p. 144. Type, by monotypy, Colymbus glacialis Linnaeus, 1766 = Colymbus immer Brünnich, 1764." (mihi 2020) (see Eudytes).

Galeropis [upgraded]
(syn. Trochalopteron † Black-faced Laughingthrush T. affine) L. galerum cap, bonnet; Gr. -ωπις -ōpis resembling; this name, formerly treated as a variant of Garrulax, occurs as Galeropis affinis in the MS of Hodgson's zoological drawings, created by local draughtsmen in Nepal c. 1840, and now held in the library of the Zoological Society of London.

Garrulaxis [upgraded]
(syn. Garrulax † White-crested Laughingthrush G. leucolophus belangeri) Portmanteau of genera Garrulus Brisson, 1760, and Merulaxis Lesson, 1831; "Dans le dernier no de cette Revue, M. Lesson se plaint de ce que j'ai décrit dernièrement une nouvelle espèce de Merle à grandes pattes sous le nom générique de Crateropus, Sw., au lieu de celui de Garrulaxis, Lesson, qui lui est synonyme et antérieur. Il ajoute que sous le nom de Crateropus il ne faut ranger que les espèces africaines, et sous celui de Garrulaxis, que celles de l'Inde. ... persuadé que le seul moyen de nous tirer désormais du dédale des innombrables noms génériques est de recourir soigneusement aux plus anciens et de les adopter en rayant impitoyablement tout ce qui leur est synonyme et postérieur, il eût été inconséquent et même ridicule à moi de rejeter un nom générique d'un auteur français et de lui en préférer un postérieur, et d'un auteur étranger." (de La Fresnaye 1840). This is probably a deliberate misspelling of Garrulax by de La Fresnaye, eager to promote priority in generic names, but irritated that Lesson should have accused him of favouring a genus created by a foreign author (i.e. Swainson) over that of a French author.
Var. Garrulaxe, Ganulaxis

Harpyornis [upgraded]
(syn. Harpyopsis † Papuan Eagle H. novaeguineae) Genus Harpia Vieillot, 1816, harpy eagle; Gr. ορνις ornis bird; "In dieser Sendung befindet sich ein mit x— y bezeichnetes, besonders interessantes und werthvolles Exemplar eines Adlers,* ... * Harpyornis novae-guineae. ... 3. Harpyornis novæ guineæ, Salvad. ... Die Einwohner erzählen schreckliche Sachen uber das Benehmen dieses Raubvogels. Sie behaupten namlich, dass der Vogel ihre Hausthiere, Schweine, und sogar ihren lieben Dingo-hund mit der grössten Keckheit und Unverschämtheit raubt, weshalb auch die Einwohner ihn "Unka" nennen, was soviel bedeutet, wie Räuber." (von Madarász, 1894, Aquila, I (3-4), pp. 83, 88). A lapsus for Harpyopsis Salvadori, but included here because of the disparate etymology.

Lempijius [updated]
(syn. Otus † Sunda Scops Owl O. lempiji) Specific name Strix lempiji Horsfield, 1821; "127. LEMPIJIUS, Bp. - 381. semitorques, Schleg. - 382. magicus, Mull. - 383. indicus, Gm. (lempiji, Gr.) - 384. lettia, Hodgs. - 385. sagittatus, Cassin. (lettoides? Jerd.) - 386. noctula, Reinw. (javanicus, Less.) - 387. mantis, Mull." (Bonaparte 1854); "Lempijius Bonaparte, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool., sér. 2, VI, p. 542. Type, by subsequent designation and virtual tautonymy (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 135 (Appendix)), Strix lempiji Horsfield, 1821." (mihi 2020).

menegauxi
Prof. Henri Auguste Menegaux (1857-1937) French ornithologist, bibliographer (syn. Microcarbo africanus).

Mesosericornis [upgraded]
(?syn. Sericornis † Yellow-throated Scrubwren S. citreogularis) Gr. μεσος mesos middle, intermediate; genus Sericornis Gould, 1838, scrubwren. I have yet to find any reference to this name, formerly treated as a lapsus for Neosericornis Mathews, 1912.

Myalurus [upgraded]
(syn. Megalurus † Striated Grassbird M. palustris) Gr. μυαλος mualos soft, fat < μυελος muelos marrow; -ουρος -ouros -tailed < ουρα oura tail; "MALURINÆ. MYALURUS citrinus G. R. Gray" (G. Gray, 1848, Genera of Birds, I, pl. XLVIII). A lapsus for Megalurus (listed in accompanying text as, "MEGALURUS Horsf. ... 6. M. citrinus G. R. Gray."), but treated separately here because of the suggested divergent etymology.

Niniotello [upgraded]
(syn. Mniotilta † Black-and-white Warbler M. varia) This name, a lapsus for misremembered Mniotilta Vieillot, 1816, is meaningless, but so unrelated as to warrant inclusion; "Some of the American species have the habits of Creepers (Certhiæ), the genus Niniotello of Vieil. ... The Mot. Varia, Linnæus, is the type of the genus, but Cuvier refers it to Certhia, and Pr. Musig. to Sylvia. ... Mniotilta. Vieill. When characterizing the Certhia Maculata (Motacial [sic] Varia of Lin.), as a sub-genus, under the name of Oxyglossus (Zool. Journ. No. 11, p. 357), we were not aware that this had already been done by M. Vieillot, who cites this bird as the type of his genus Mniotilta." (J. Gray and W. Swainson in E. Griffith, 1829, The Animal Kingdom, VI (Aves I), pp. 464-465; VIII (Aves III), (Observations) p. 686).

Nisuella [updated]
• (syn. Asio † Madagascar Long-eared Owl A. madagascariensis) (see below).
• (syn. Bubo † Spotted Eagle Owl B. africanus) Dim. < genus Nisus de Lacépède, 1799, sparrowhawk (cf. specific name Strix nisuella Daudin 1800); the "Choucou" and "Choucouhou" of Levaillant, 1799, Ois. d'Afrique, pl. 38 and 39, and the scientific names subsequently based on them, are considered unidentifiable; "75e Genre: NISUELLA, Lesson: hab. l'Afrique. - 282. Nisuella choucou; Strix chocou, Lath.; Daudin, 2, 186: le choucou, Levaill., af., t. 1, p. 100, pl. 38: Vieill. Ency. III. 1290. - 283. Nisuella gracilis. Strix nisuella, Lath.; Vieill. Ency. III, 1284, le Choucouchou, Levaill., af. pl. 39 et 104: hab. pays des Namaquois (Afrique mérid.)" (Lesson 1843); "116. NISUELLA, Bp. — 357. maculosa, Vieill. — 358. dilloni, O. des Murs. — 359. madagascariensis, Smith." (Bonaparte 1854); "Nisuella Bonaparte, 1854, Rev. Mag. Zool., sér. 2, VI, p. 542. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 135 (Appendix)), Strix maculosa Vieillot, 1817 (unidentifiable) = Strix africana Temminck, 1821." (mihi 2020). Sharpe, 1875, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., II, p. 12, gives Bubo maculosus as the type of Nisuella Bonaparte, but on p. 225, lists Asio madagascariensis as the type of the same genus!

Phlothrus [updated]
(syn. Merops † Blue-throated Bee-eater M. viridis) Gr. φλοιος phloios tree-bark < φλεω phleō to abound; θραυω thrauō to break; "Nomina recentiorum. Phlothrus viridissimus (SWS.) Tabula et Icon. CCCCXLV. 3229— 30. —— viridis (L. GM.) Tabula et Icon. CCCCXLV. 3231— 32. ... Phlothrus luteus (SCOP.) Tabula et Icon. CCCCXLVIII. 3403. ... c) Phlothrinae: Repräsensanten der Tenuirostres oder Picinae, in Phlothrus deutlich an Anthreptes erinnernd, in der anderen Gattung den etwas plumpen Habitus der Spechte und Bartvogel, zugleich den der dritten Gruppe, nämlich der Galbulinae nebst brauner Kehle derselben repräsentirend. 142. Phlothrus viridissimus (SWAINS.). 143. —— viridis (L.). 155. —— luteus (SCOP.)." (Reichenbach 1852); "Phlothrus Reichenbach, 1852, Icones ad Synopsin Avium, cont. no. IX, Meropinae, pp. , 82. Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1855, Cat. Genera Subgenera Birds Brit. Mus., p. 17), Merops viridis Linnaeus." (mihi 2020).

Phylaconetta [upgraded]
(syn. Histrionicus † Harlequin Duck H. histrionicus) Gr. φυλαξ phulax, φυλακος phulakos guardian; νηττα nētta duck; "HISTRIONICUS, Lesson. ... Phylaconetta, BRANDT, Mem. Ac. St. Pet. VI. 1849. ... Phylaconetta histrionica, BRANDT, Mem. Acad. St. Pet. Sc. Nat. VI, 1849, 9." (Baird 1860); an obvious lapsus for Phlyaconetta Brandt, although listed in Waterhouse 1889, and only included here because of the contrasting etymology.

Sinoparadoxornis [upgraded]
(syn. Sinosuthora † Spectacled Parrotbill S. conspicillata) Mod. English Sino- Chinese- < Late L. Sinae Chinese; genus Paradoxornis Gould, 1836, parrotbill. This genus-name appears widely on web-sites, seemingly as a replacement (or, perhaps, a lapsus?) for Sinosuthora Penhallurick and Robson, 2009. However, I have yet to locate the appropriate paper or formal diagnosis.

Tephrocotis [upgraded]
(syn. Leucosticte † Grey-crowned Rosy Finch L. tephrocotis) Specific name Linaria (Leucosticte) tephrocotis Swainson, 1832; "222. Gray-crowned Leucosticte. (Leucosticte tephrocotis.) ... 223. Hepburn's Leucosticte. "Gray crowned Finch." Tephrocotis littoralis." (J. Fannin, 1891, Check List of British Columbia Birds, pp. 34-35). A lapsus for Leucosticte, the author or printer becoming confused over the change of page and style, but listed here because of the seemingly unrelated etymology.
 

Björn Bergenholtz

... also known as "Calalp"
...
Im not very good at crawling into a dark corner, nestle up, and simply wait.
Mark, neither am I, constantly trying (to endure), but failing again and again, time after time ... as of right now. ;)

Bulletin 19; ...
[...]
Sinoparadoxornis [upgraded]
(syn. Sinosuthora † Spectacled Parrotbill S. conspicillata) Mod. English Sino- Chinese- < Late L. Sinae Chinese; genus Paradoxornis Gould, 1836, parrotbill. This genus-name appears widely on web-sites, seemingly as a replacement (or, perhaps, a lapsus?) for Sinosuthora Penhallurick and Robson, 2009. However, I have yet to locate the appropriate paper or formal diagnosis.
[...]
James, on this Wiki-page: at the end of the text for Description and systematics you'll find the following phrase: "In this case, the ashy-throated parrotbill would probably be assigned to genus Sinoparadoxornis.[3]" ... with a cross-reference!

[3]: "Cibois (2003), Ahlström et al. (2006), Jønsson & Fjeldså (2006), Pasquet et al. (2006) Yeung et al. (2006)", and all of those references are listed further down the same Wiki-page.

Thus, I would assume that the hard-to-trace Sinoparadoxornis ought to be found in (or helped by) either one of those Papers.

Hopefully of some use?

Björn

---

Ok, that's it for today. Where's the nearest, darkest corner?
--
 
Last edited:

James Jobling

Well-known member
Thanks, Björn,
I had seen the references you mention, but they are all dated before Sinosuthora Penhallurick and Robson, 2009, and are listed in that paper.
Must go now - have at least two rave parties to attend before the darkness of lockdown!!!
All serenity.
 

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