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Bowerbirds phylogenomic (1 Viewer)

Jim LeNomenclatoriste

Taxonomy and zoological nomenclature
France
Per G P Ericson, Martin Irestedt, Johan A A Nylander, Les Christidis, Leo Joseph, Yanhua Qu
Parallel Evolution of Bower-Building Behavior in Two Groups of Bowerbirds Suggested by Phylogenomics. Systematic Biology.

https://academic.oup.com/sysbio/advance-article/doi/10.1093/sysbio/syaa040/5838197?searchresult=1

Abstract
The bowerbirds in New Guinea and Australia include species that build the largest and perhaps most elaborately decorated constructions outside of humans. The males use these courtship bowers, along with their displays, to attract females. In these species, the mating system is polygynous and the females alone incubate and feed the nestlings. The bowerbirds also include ten species of the socially monogamous catbirds in which the male participates in most aspects of raising the young. How the bower-building behavior evolved has remained poorly understood, as no comprehensive phylogeny exists for the family. It has been assumed that the monogamous catbird clade is sister to all polygynous species. We here test this hypothesis using a newly developed pipeline for obtaining homologous alignments of thousands of exonic and intronic regions from genomic data to build a phylogeny. Our well-supported species tree shows that the polygynous, bower-building species are not monophyletic. The result suggests either that bower-building behavior is an ancestral condition in the family that was secondarily lost in the catbirds, or that it has arisen in parallel in two lineages of bowerbirds. We favor the latter hypothesis based on an ancestral character reconstruction showing that polygyny but not bower-building is ancestral in bowerbirds, and on the observation that Scenopoeetes dentirostris, the sister species to one of the bower-building clades, does not build a proper bower but constructs a court for male display. This species is also sexually monomorphic in plumage despite having a polygynous mating system. We argue that the relatively stable tropical and subtropical forest environment in combination with low predator pressure and rich food access (mostly fruit) facilitated the evolution of these unique life-history traits.

I have split Buccokitta from Ailuroedus, Pseudochlamydera from Chlamydera and Xanthomelus from Sericulus, and placed Archboldia in synonym with Amblyornis
 
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andrew147

Well-known member
I have split Buccokitta from Ailuroedus, Pseudochlamydera from Chlamydera and Xanthomelus from Sericulus, and placed Archboldia in synonym with Amblyornis

The name Alphachlamydera (Mathews, 1914; type = cerviniventris) pre-dates Pseudochlamydera for the group including lauterbachi & cerviniventris... assuming it is valid.
 

l_raty

laurent raty
The name Alphachlamydera (Mathews, 1914; type = cerviniventris) pre-dates Pseudochlamydera for the group including lauterbachi & cerviniventris... assuming it is valid.
Seems OK to me.

Name : Alphachlamydera
Authority : Mathews
Year : 1914
OD ref : Mathews GM. 1914. New genera. Austral Avian Rec., 2: 110-112.
Page : 112
OD link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34804718
Included nominal species : Alphachlamydera cerviniventris
Type species : Chlamydera cerviniventris Gould 1850
Type species valid syn. : in use
Fixation by : original designation
Fixation ref : as OD
Page : as OD
Fixation link : as OD
Type OD ref : Gould J. 1850. Note to Mr. Gould's paper–“A brief account of the researches of Mr. McGillivray, Esq, in H.M.S. Rattlesnake,” &c. Pp. 105-107 (“105”) in: Jardine W. Contributions to ornithology for 1850. WH Lizars, Edinburgh.
Page : 106 (“160”)
Type OD link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51978898
Available : yes
Family : Ptilonorhynchidae


Name : Pseudochlamydera
Authority : Mathews
Year : 1926
OD ref : Mathews GM. 1926. Pseudochlamydera, gen. nov. Bull. Brit. Ornithol. Cl., 46: 60.
Page : 60
OD link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40498721
Included nominal species : Chlamydera lauterbachi
Type species : Chlamydodera lauterbachi Reichenow 1897
Type species valid syn. : in use
Fixation by : original designation
Fixation ref : as OD
Page : as OD
Fixation link : as OD
Type OD ref : Reichenow A. 1897. Neue Vogelarten von Kaiser-Wilhelms-Land. Ornithol. Montsber., 5: 24-26.
Page : 24
Type OD link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8749550
Available : yes
Family : Ptilonorhynchidae
 

mb1848

Well-known member
I think Bird Forum needs to set up a new subforum where professional Ornithologist can ask nomenclature questions. Anonymous of course. I propose iamprettylady123 as a username for LSU Ornithology Lab. Then within 16 minutes a person in England, Belgium and France can give them the correct answer. Thus none of the current derision, sniggering and shame.
 

mb1848

Well-known member
I just thought that the professionals should have russian-bot type usernames for their privacy. What about genus Riogersornis Matthews 1912 type nuchalis is that available?
 

l_raty

laurent raty
What about genus Riogersornis Matthews 1912 type nuchalis is that available?
Yes.
Status : extant
Name : Rogersornis
Authority : Mathews
Year : 1912
OD ref : Mathews GM. 1912. New generic names for Australian birds. Austral Avian Rec., 1: 105-117.
Page : 117
OD link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33339700
Included nominal species : Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis Jardine and Selby
Type species : Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis Jardine and Selby 1830
Type species valid syn. : in use
Fixation by : original designation
Fixation ref : as OD
Page : as OD
Fixation link : as OD
Type OD ref : Jardine W, Selby PJ. [1826-1830]. Illustrations of ornithology. Vol. II. WH Lizars, Edinburgh.
Page : pl. 103 + text
Type OD link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39770116
Available : yes
Family : Ptilonorhynchidae​



Anyone seen the actual OD of Chlamydera Gould 1837 ? (In an “early” part of Gould's Birds of Australia, that was cancelled by the author, and few copies of which were preserved.)
The info I gather from secondary sources is contradictory -- some authors say it has Calodera maculata Gould as its type by monotypy; others make it a replacement name for the preoccupied Calodera Gould 1837, https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45925154, originally included nominal species Calodera maculata and C. nuchalis, but in this case the type of both names must be Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis Jardine & Selby 1830 by designation of Gray 1840 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13668934.
I don't know which is correct.
(Mathews even claimed both at the same time https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/58393952, but this is obviously absurd under the current rules.)

(The type of Calodera Gould 1837, OTOH, is unquestionably C. nuchalis, either by designation of Gray 1840 as noted above if Chlamydera is a replacement name, or by designation of Selby 1840 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/48923935 otherwise.)
 
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Jim LeNomenclatoriste

Taxonomy and zoological nomenclature
France
But nuchalis seems to be paraphyletic with maculata and guttata.

Besides, looking at the figures, I wonder if the number of species will not increase
 

l_raty

laurent raty
Anyone seen the actual OD of Chlamydera Gould 1837 ?
I found it: https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-185308543/view?partId=nla.obj-185884713#page/n12/mode/1up :). And it's clearly a replacement name:
I have been informed that the term Calodera had already been applied to a genus in entomology: if therefore it should be deemed objectionable in the present case, I would beg to substitute that of Chlamydera.
Thus the type of both Calodera and Chlamydera Gould 1837 is indeed Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis Jardine and Selby 1830 by designation of Gray 1840.
And Rogersornis Matthews 1912, although available, is a mere junior objective synonym of Chlamydera.
 

mb1848

Well-known member
Sorry you got there first Laurent. And thanks for the analysis of Rogersornis!
“Anyone seen the actual OD of Chlamydera Gould 1837 ? (In an “early” part of Gould's Birds of Australia, that was cancelled by the author, and few copies of which were preserved.)”
According to Sharpe the cancelled name was Calodera maculate part i, plate 3
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/238898#page/96/mode/1up .
Chlamydera nuchalis and maculata are from part iv plates 8 and 9.
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/238898#page/108/mode/1up .
 
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l_raty

laurent raty
According to Sharpe the cancelled name was Calodera maculate part i, plate 3
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/238898#page/96/mode/1up .
Chlamydera nuchalis and maculata are from part iv plates 8 and 9.
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/238898#page/108/mode/1up .
Gould only illustrated Calodera maculata there, which is what Sharpe is telling us there. (But he did not treat Calodera as monotypic in the accompanying text -- he explicitly included two species in this genus.)

Name : Calodera
Authority : Gould
Year : 1837
OD ref : Gould J. 1837-38. A synopsis of the birds of Australia, and the adjacent islands. Published by the author, London.
Page : part I, pl. [6] + text
OD link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45925154
Included nominal species : Calodera maculata, C. nuchalis
Type species : Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis Jardine & Selby 1830
Type species valid syn. : in use
Fixation by : subsequent designation
Fixation ref : Gray GR. 1840. A list of the genera of birds, with an indication of the typical species of each genus. R and JE Taylor, London.
Page : 40
Fixation link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13668934
Type OD ref : Jardine W, Selby PJ. [1826-1830]. Illustrations of ornithology. Vol. II. WH Lizars, Edinburgh.
Page : pl. 103 + text
Type OD link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39770116
Notes : Jan 1837. Also in: Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 4: 106 (Feb), 145 (Jun). Junior homonym of Calodera Mannerheim 1831 (Coleoptera). Earlier, invalid designation: Wiegmann AFA. 1837. Bericht über die Leistungen im Gebiete der Zoologie während des Jahres 1836. Arch. Naturgesch., 3 (2): 125-254.; p. 211; https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4970227 ; “Typus: Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis Jard. und eine neue Art, C. maculata.”; both species designated at the same time. The type designation by Gray was for Chlamydera, a replacement name for Calodera, and fixed the type of both names at the same time.
Available : yes
Family : Ptilonorhynchidae

Name : Chlamydera
Authority : Gould
Year : 1837
OD ref : Gould J. 1837. The birds of Australia, and the adjacent islands. Part I. Published by the author, London.
Page : text to pl. 3
OD link : https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-185308543/view?partId=nla.obj-185884713#page/n12/mode/1up
Included nominal species : Calodera maculata, C. nuchalis
Type species : Ptilonorhynchus nuchalis Jardine & Selby 1830
Type species valid syn. : in use
Fixation by : replacement name
Fixation ref : see original name
Page : see original name
Fixation link : see original name
Type OD ref : Jardine W, Selby PJ. [1826-1830]. Illustrations of ornithology. Vol. II. WH Lizars, Edinburgh.
Page : pl. 103 + text
Type OD link : https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39770116
Notes : Aug 1837. In an “early” part of Gould's Birds of Australia, subsequently cancelled by the author. New name for Calodera Gould 1837, preoccupied by Calodera Mannerheim 1831 (Coleoptera). “I have been informed that the term Calodera had already been applied to a genus in entomology: if therefore it should be deemed objectionable in the present case, I would beg to substitute that of Chlamydera.” The type has been claimed to be Calodera maculata Gould by monotypy (e.g., Mayr 1962, PCL 15: 179; https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14485552 ), which is clearly incorrect.
Available : yes
Family : Ptilonorhynchidae​
 

mb1848

Well-known member
Calodera maculata v. i, plate 3 only had C. maculata and I assume the cancelled accompanied text did also.
https://luna.ku.edu/luna/servlet/wo...?lunaMediaId=kuluna01kui~19~19~3538221~321181 .
This was replaced with plate [6] does the brackets mean somethiong with figure one maculata but figure two is nuchalis.
http://www.brynmawr.edu/library/exhibits/castle/gouldcalodera.shtml .
I am not sure how the code deals with cancellata?
At a Zoological Society meeting he only showed C. maculata :
Page 306 of https://www.google.com/books/editio...lodera+maculata"&pg=PA306&printsec=frontcover .
Gould's description of Calodera is from 1836 PZS and mentions nuchalis but does not include it.
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96163#page/120/mode/1up .
Plate 8 of Birds of Australia of Ch. maculata is dated 1838.
 
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l_raty

laurent raty
The "1836 PZS" introduction of Calodera was in PZS, 4, No. XLVI, delivery date according to Sclater 1893 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/30981490: 20 Feb 1837.
This is preceded by the first part of the Synopsis of the birds of Australia, and the adjacent islands, which is dated Jan 1837 https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45925177 and were Gould used the name with both species included, without fixing the type. Thus we need a type designation.

I had not seen the London & Edinburgh Philos. Mag. J. Sci. notice (also at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3907264 ), but I find it interesting... Can this be construed as a type designation ?
Mr. Gould more particularly pointed out a species of Petroica; a new and interesting species of Ptilonorhynchus, allied to Ptil. nuchalis, and which he proposed to make the type of a new genus; a new species (belonging to the Society) of the genus Calyptorhynchus, which he compared with all the other members of the group then on the table, and described as Calyptorhynchus Naso; and four new species of the genus Amadina, Swains., which he named Amadina cincta, ruficauda, modesta, and Castanotis. The species are as follows, their characters, as usual, being given in the "Proceedings": Petroica phoenicea; Amadina Castanotis, modesta, cincta, and ruficauda; Calodera maculata; Cracticus hypoleucus and fuliginosus; and Calyptorhynchus Naso.
 

mb1848

Well-known member
That is a very detailed report on the Zoological Society meeting. And the report mirrors the PZS language. The article is dated April 1837 which has priority over Gray 1840. Author of type designation is anonymous?
Although the author mentions both species names I am not sure he picked one? I do not think the author thought nuchalis was in Calodera?
Nevermind I confused type designation and first revisor when there is multiple original spellings.
 
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mb1848

Well-known member
OK the description of Calodera in the Synopsis from early 1837 included nuchalis and maculate as suggested by Laurent. In a review of the Synopsis the author states that this new genus was very properly formed from P. nuchalis and that Gould thought he found a second species of the genus. So nuchalis is type by words of Gould. .
https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/185378#page/588/mode/1up .
So in Synopsis it only has pictures of bird heads thus plate [6] of C. maculata and C. nuchalis with their heads only is from Synopsis and that plate is considered the OD of maculata name ANHP and Zoonomen.
Calodera maculata Gould, 1837, Syn. Bds. Aust., pt. 1, pl. 6 – New Holland; = New South Wales. Peters, Vol. 179.
Academy of natural History Philadelphia
Zoonomen: Chlamydera maculata (Gould) 1837 Syn.BirdsAustr. pt1 pl.6 .
So that plate 3 with maculata in a bush is from the later Birds of Australia. Zoonomen cites the text attached to that plate as source of the genus Chlamydera.
Chlamydera (f.) Gould 1837 BirdsAustr.Adj.Isl. pt1 textpl.3,note
See also:
https://americanornithology.org/elizabeth-gould-and-the-heads-of-australian-birds/ .
http://www.bsanz.org/download/bulletin-/bulletin_vol._11_no._2_(1987)/B_1987_Vol11_No2_03.pdf .
Also well covered in Priority!
 
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