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Descriptions of all fossil Archaeopterygiformes (1 Viewer)

Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
A problem with the Archaeopterygiformes is whether they form one or more genera or one or more species. Solving this problem is inpossible for me. That is why I split the species as far as possible. The specimen have a number, and a name refering to the museum where they are housed, I will gave the numbers and the museum.

For descriptions of all fossil Avialae see: https://www.birdforum.net/threads/descriptions-of-all-fossil-avialae.401773/
For descriptions of all fossil Strigiformes see: https://www.birdforum.net/threads/descriptions-of-all-fossil-strigiformes.394722/

Enjoy,

Fred
 

Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
Classis AVES Linnaeus, 1758
Subclassis ARCHAEORNITHES Gadow, 1893
Infraclassis ARCHAEORNIAE Gadow, 1893
Ordo ARCHAEOPTERYGIFORMES Fürbringer, 1888
Familia Archaeopterygidae Huxley, 1871

Genus Archaeopteryx von Meyer, 1861

Archaeopteryx lithographica von Meyer, 1861
Hermann von Meyer, 1861
Archaeopteryx lithographica (Vogelfeder) und Pterodactylus von Solnhofen
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefactenkunde 1861: 678-679
Comment: This is the desciption of the first found feather., not the later found specimen. It should be the holotype of the species but international Commitee of Nomenclature decided different.

Archaeopteryx lithographica von Meyer, 1861
Londen specimen (# 1 and $ 3, the Maxberg specimen)
Griphosaurus problematicus A. Wagner, 1861
Compsognatus longipes Wagner, 1861
Griphosaurus longicaudus Owen, 1862
Archaeopteryx macrura Owen, 1864
Archaeopteryx macroura Kleinschmidt, 1951
Archaeopteryx oweni Petronievics, 1917
I do not have the description of the London specimen
Florian Heller, 1959
Ein Dritter Archaeopteyx-Fund aus den Solnhofener Plattenkalken von Langenaltheim/Mfr.
Erlanger Geologische Abhandlungen 31: 3-25
Unfortunately too big to upload, you can ask me for it.

Archaeopteryx siemensii Dames, 1897
Berlijn specimen # 2; Thermopilis specimen # 10
I do not have the description
Gerald Mayr, Burkhard Pohl & Dieter Stephan Peters, 2005 (# 10)
A Well-preserved Archaeopteryx Specimen with Theropod Features
Science 310: 1483-1486

Archaeopteryx bavarica Wellnhofer, 1993
Solnhofer Aktien-Verein specimen # 7
Peter Wellnhofer, 1993
Das Siebte Exemplar von Archaeopteryx aus den Solnhofer Schichten
Archaeopteryx 11: 1-47
Unfortunately too big to upload, you can ask me for it.

Archaeopteryx albersdoerferi Kundrát, Nudds, Kear, Lü et Ahlberg, 2019
Martin Kundrát, John Nudds, Benjamin P. Kear, Junchang Lü & Per Ahlberg, 2019
The First Specimen of Archaeopteryx from the Upper Jurasic Mörnsheim Formation of Germany
Historical Biology 31: 3-63
The First Specimen of Archaeopteryx from the Upper Jurasic Mörnsheim Formation of Germany
Unfortunately also too big to upload, you can ask me for it.

The numbers 9, 11 and 12 are seen as Archaeopteryx sp.; number 4, the Haarlem specimen is now classified as an Anchiornithidae, so see later.

Genus Jurapteryx Howgate, 1985

Jurapteryx recurva (Howgate, 1984)
Archaeopteryx lithographica von Meyer, 1861 Eichstätt specimen # 5
Michael E. Howgate, 1984
The Teeth of Archaeopteryx and a Reinterpretation of the Eichstätt Specimen
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 82: 159-175
Unfortunately also too big to upload, you can ask me for it.
Michael E. Howgate, 1985
Problems of the Osteology of Archaeopteryx Is the Eichstätt Specimen a Distinct Genus ?
In: The Beginnings of birds
ed: M.K. Hecht, J.H. Ostrom, G. Viohl & P. Wellnhofer 105-112
Eichstätt: Freunde des Jura-Museums Eichstätt

Genus Wellnhoferia Elzanowski, 2001

Wellnhoferia grandis Elzanowski, 2001
Archaeopteryx lithographica von Meyer, 1861 Solnhofer specimen # 6
Andrei Elzanowski, 2001
A New Genus and Species for the Largest Specimen of Archaeopteryx
Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 46: 519-532
 

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Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
Ordo JEHOLORNITHIFORMES Zhou et Zhang, 2006
Familia Jeholornithidae Zhou et Zhang, 2006
Zhou Zhonghe & Zhang Fucheng, 2006
Mesozoic Birds of China - A Synoptic Review
Vertebrata PalAsiatica 44: 74-98

Genus Jeholornis Zhou et Zhang, 2002

Jeholornis prima Zhou et Zhang, 2002
Zhou Zhonghe & Zhang Fucheng, 2002
A Long-tailed, Seed-eating Bird from the Early Cretaceous of China
Nature 418: 405-409

Jeholornis palmapenis O’Connor, Sun, Xu, Wang et Zhou, 2011
Jingmai K. O’Connor, Chengkai Sun, Xing Xu, Xiaolin Wang & Zhonghe Zhou, 2011
A New Species of Jeholornis with Complete Caudal Integument
Historical Biology 24: 29-41

Jeholornis curvipes Lefèvre, Hu, Escuillié, Dyke et Godefroit, 2014
Ulysse Lefèvre, Dongyu Hu, François Escuillié, Gareth Dyke and Pascal Godefroit, 2014
A New Long-tailed Basal Bird from the Lower Cretaceous of North-eastern China
Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 113(3): 790-804

Genus Kompsornis Wang, Huang, Kundrát, Cau, Liu, Wang et Ju, 2020

Kompsornis longicaudus Wang, Huang, Kundrát, Cau, Liu, Wang et Ju, 2020
Xuri Wang, Jiandong Huang, Martin Kundrát, Andrea Cau, Xiaoyu Liu, Yang Wang & Shubin Ju, 2020
A New Jeholornithiform Exhibits the Earliest Appearance of the Fused Sternum and Pelvis in the Evolution of Avialan Dinosaurs
Journal of Asian Earth Sciences

Genus Dalianraptor Gao et Liu, 2005

Dalianraptor cuhe Gao et Liu, 2005
Gao Chunling & Liu Jinyuan, 2005
A New Avian Taxon from the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of Western Liaoning
Global Geology 24: 313-316

Genus Shenzhouraptor Ji, Ji, You, Zhang, Yuan, Ji, Li et Li 2002

Shenzhouraptor sinensis Ji Qiiang, Ji Shuan, You Hailu, Zhang Jianping, Yuan Chonxi, Ji Xinxin, Li Jinglu et Li Yinzian, 2002
Ji Qiang, Ji Shuan, You Hailu, Zhang Jianping, Yuan Chonxi, Ji Xinxin, Li Jinglu & Li Yinzian, 2002
Discovery of an Avialae Bird from China, Shenzhouraptor sinensis gen. et sp. nov.
Geological Bulletin of China 21: 363-369

Genus Jixiangornis Ji, Ji, Zhang, You, Zhang, Wang, Yuan et Ji Xinxin, 2002

Jixiangornis orientalis Ji Qiiang, Ji Shuan, Zhang Hongbin, You Hailu, Zhang Jianping, Wang Lixia, Yuan Chongxi et Ji Xinxin, 2002
Ji Qiang, Ji Shuan, Zhang Hongbin, You Hailu, Zhang Jianping, Wang Lixia, Yuan Chongxi & Ji Xinxin, 2002
A New Avialian Bird - Jixiangornis orientalis gen. et sp. nov. - from the Lower Cretaceous of Western Liaoning, NE China
Journal of Nanjing University (Natural Sciences) 38 (6): 723-736
Unfortunately there is no free pdf and it is too big to upload, I have the paper, you can ask me for it.
 

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Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
Ordo YANDANGORNITHIFORMES Cai et Zhao, 1999
Familia Yandangornithidae Cai et Zhao, 1999.

Genus Yandangornis Cai et Zhao, 1999

Yandangornis longicaudus Cai et Zhao, 1999
Cai Zhengquan & Zhao Lijun, 1999
A Long Tailed Bird from the Late Cretaceous of Zhejiang
Science in China, Series D: Earth Sciences 42: 434-441
 

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