• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Madeira and Azores subspecies (1 Viewer)

Gonçalo Elias

Well-known member
Portugal
Both Madeira and the Azores have several local subspecies. Some of these subspecies are named after people but a few remain unclear to me:

  • Accipiter nisus granti (Madeira) - there are several people called Grant with birds named after them, which is the correct one in this case?
  • Sturnus vulgaris granti (Azores) - same question here
  • Motacilla cinerea schmitzi and Tyto alba schmitzi (both Madeira) - I think this ought to be Ernst Johann Schmitz, a german naturalist and priest, is this correct?
  • Motacilla cinerea patriciae (Azores) - no idea here
  • Buteo buteo harterti (Madeira) - after Ernst Johann Otto Hartert?
  • Buteo buteo rothschildi (Azores) - after the Baron Rothschild of Tring?
  • Fringilla coelebs moreletti (Azores) - named after Pierre Marie Arthur Morelet?
Thanks again.

Best regards,
Gonçalo
 

PScofield

Well-known member
Just the one I think will need an update:

Motacilla cinerea patriciae

"The new subspecies from the Azores is named for my wife, Patricia, who took such delight in these charming birds during the many happy days we spent in the Azores."

Auguste Jean Charles Vaurie
Birth 7 Jul 1906 Beaulieu, Correze, Franc
Death 13 May 1975 Pennsylvania, USA

Patricia Vaurie (nee Wilson)

Birth 14 September 1909 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Death April 1982 Pennsylvania, United States

P
 

l_raty

laurent raty
[Martin already provided the info about the two granti.]

Motacilla boarula schmitzi Tschusi 1900
OD - https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51126030
"Ich benenne diese Stelze nach dem um die ornithologische Erforschung Madeira's hochverdienten P. Ernest Schmitz, früheren Seminar-Director in Funchal".
So, yes, Ernst J. Schmitz is correct. (Tschusi wrote his first name 'Ernest', but it is spelled 'Ernst' everywhere else I find it mentioned.)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Johann_Schmitz

[Motacilla cinerea patriciae Vaurie 1957 -- see Paul's post above for the dedication. I'll just add a link to the OD: http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5393.]

Buteo buteo harterti Swann 1919
OD - https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/19798792
"Buteo buteo harterti subsp. nov. [B. buteo Madeira, subsp. ? Hart., Vog. Pal. Faun., p. 1123]". I.e., this is a population that had been treated separately but left unnamed by Ernst Hartert in Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna (https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14031666).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Hartert

Buteo buteo rothschildi Swann 1919
OD - https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/19798792
No dedication, nothing by Rothschild cited in relation to this bird. The only indication I see, besides the name itself, is that the type series was from the British Museum collection, and that Lionel Walter Rothschild was a Trustee of the Museum.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Rothschild,_2nd_Baron_Rothschild

Fringilla moreletti Pucheran 1859
OD - https://books.google.com/books?id=tZQ8AAAAcAAJ&pg=PA46 (9 Feb 1859; the name is usually cited from https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13713200, but this was published some 10 months later).
"J'ai reçu, il y a quelques jours, de M. Morelet, zoologiste bien connu par ses voyages en Portugal, en Algérie, au Guatémala, et dans l'île de Cuba, quatre Passereaux qu'il a rapportés des Açores".
"Nous lui imposerons dès lors la dénomination de Fringilla Moreletti, Nob., dédicace qui rappellera aux zoologistes les éminents services rendus à la science par M. Morelet dans ses divers voyages."
Pierre Arthur Marie Morelet, indeed.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Marie_Arthur_Morelet
 
Last edited:

Taphrospilus

Well-known member
Motacilla boarula schmitzi Tschusi 1900
OD - https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51126030
"Ich benenne diese Stelze nach dem um die ornithologische Erforschung Madeira's hochverdienten P. Ernest Schmitz, früheren Seminar-Director in Funchal".
So, yes, Ernst J. Schmitz is correct. (Tschusi wrote his first name 'Ernest', but it is spelled 'Ernst' everywhere else I find it mentioned.)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Johann_Schmitz

Finally Tyto alba schmitzi (Hartert, E, 1900) for Padre Schmitz.
 
Last edited:

Gonçalo Elias

Well-known member
Portugal
Thanks, I thought it would be him, I just asked for confirmation because in some cases species are named after some relative of the person who studied it (e.g. Sabine's Gull).

By the way, back to the rothschildi situation: is that Baron called Lionel the only Rothschild honoured in bird names? Or is there more than one?
 

Fred Ruhe

Well-known member
Netherlands
There are also some extinct Late Quaternary (sub)species named from Madeira and the Azores :

Coturnix lignorum Rando, Alcover, Pieper, Olson, Hernández et López-Jurado, 2019.
OD: Juan Carlos Rando Reyes, Josep Antoni Alcover Thomás, Harald Pieper, Storrs Lovejoy Olson, C. Nayra Hernández & L. Phelipe López-Jurado, 2019
Unforeseen Diversity of Quails (Galliformes: Phasianidae: Coturnix) in Oceanic Islands Provided by the Fossil Record of Macaronesia
Zoological Journal of the Linnaen Society 188: 1296–1317
Etymology: The specific name lignorum is derived from from the Latin genitive plural of lignum, wood, a direct translation of the Portuguese madeira.
Frem Madeira

Coturnix alabrevis Rando, Alcover, Pieper, Olson, Hernández et López-Jurado, 2019.
OD: Juan Carlos Rando Reyes, Josep Antoni Alcover Thomás, Harald Pieper, Storrs Lovejoy Olson, C. Nayra Hernández & L. Phelipe López-Jurado, 2019
Unforeseen Diversity of Quails (Galliformes: Phasianidae: Coturnix) in Oceanic Islands Provided by the Fossil Record of Macaronesia
Zoological Journal of the Linnaen Society 188: 1296–1317
Etymology: From Latin ala, wing, and brevis, short, in reference to the small size of the forelimb (wing) bones
From Porto Santo Island, Madeira Islands

Rallus lowei Alcover, Pieper, Pereira et Rando, 2015
OD: Josep Antoni Alcover, Harald Pieper, Fernando Pereira & Juan Rando, 2015
Five New Extinct Species of Rails (Aves: Gruiformes: Rallidae) from the Macaronesian Islands (North Atlantic Ocean)
Zootaxa 4057(2): 151-190 )
Etymology. The specific name honours Richard Thomas Lowe, who during his time in Madeira was an assiduous student of the flora and fauna (mainly fishes and molluscs) of the archipelago and who published many important books and articles (da Silva and de Meneses 1984). He was born 4 Dec 1802 in Findern, Derbyshire (England). After finishing school and theological studies, he visited Madeira for the first in 1828 and became an Anglican chaplain on the island in 1832. Later on, he returned to England and lived in Lea, Lincolnshire. He returned to Madeira several times, the last one in April 1874 from Liverpool, but he was shipwrecked soon after setting out and drowned, together with his wife, southwest of the Scilly Islands. In one of his publications (Lowe 1853) he mentioned for the first time the discovery of (sub)fossil lizard and bird bones. Richard Owen, who studied the material, could not identify the bones of the three species found, but could only give their size as similar to that of "gull or crow,” " thrush" and "sparrow".

Rallus adolfocaesaris Alcover, Pieper, Pereira et Rando, 2015.
OD: Josep Antoni Alcover, Harald Pieper, Fernando Pereira & Juan Rando, 2015
Five New Extinct Species of Rails (Aves: Gruiformes: Rallidae) from the Macaronesian Islands (North Atlantic Ocean)
Zootaxa 4057(2): 151-190 )
Etymology. Dedicated to Adolfo César de Noronha for his contributions to the biology and paleontology of Madeira (Clode 1984, da Silva and de Meneses 1984). He was born 9 Sept 1873 in Funchal /Madeira and died there 6 Apr 1963. After his education in Madeira and on the Portuguese mainland he was librarian at the Biblioteca Municipal do Funchal and after 1928 its director. Later he also became the first director of the Museu de Historia Natural (as it is now termed) which was established in 1929. During his long life he published together with A.A. Sarmento "Vertebrados da Madeira" in 1948, and numerous other papers, mainly on the marine fishes of the Madeiran Archipelago, but also on crustaceans and birds. He also collected plants and fossils, including fossil bird bones in São Lourenço in the early years of last century, and these are still conserved in the MHNF.
Frem Porto dos Frades, Porto Santo, 1985.

Rallus carvaoensis Alcover, Pieper, Pereira et Rando, 2015.
OD: Josep Antoni Alcover, Harald Pieper, Fernando Pereira & Juan Rando, 2015
Five New Extinct Species of Rails (Aves: Gruiformes: Rallidae) from the Macaronesian Islands (North Atlantic Ocean)
Zootaxa 4057(2): 151-190 )
Etymology. From the type locality and only known site of this rail. From Gruta do Carvão, São Miguel; all the material of R. carvaoensis n. sp. was collected in this cave in August 2011 by JCR, MT, and JAA.
From Gruta do Carvão, São Miguel, Azores

Rallus montivagorum Alcover, Pieper, Pereira et Rando, 2015
OD: Josep Antoni Alcover, Harald Pieper, Fernando Pereira & Juan Rando, 2015
Five New Extinct Species of Rails (Aves: Gruiformes: Rallidae) from the Macaronesian Islands (North Atlantic Ocean)
Zootaxa 4057(2): 151-190 )
Etymology. The specific name is a latinization of the name of the Azorean society Os Montanheiros, who we honor here for their long-standing assistance in the palaeontological exploration of the caves of the central Azores.
From Furna das Torres, Pico, Central Azores

Rallus nanus Alcover, Pieper, Pereira et Rando, 2016
OD: Josep Antoni Alcover, Harald Pieper, Fernando Pereira & Juan Rando, 2015
Five New Extinct Species of Rails (Aves: Gruiformes: Rallidae) from the Macaronesian Islands (North Atlantic Ocean)
Zootaxa 4057(2): 151-190 )
Josep Antoni Alcover, Harald Pieper, Fernando Pereira & Juan Rando, 2016
Rallus nanus Nomen Novum: A Replacement Name for Rallus minutus Alcover et al. 2015
Zootaxa 4085(1): 8
Etymology. latin name for dwarf
From São Jorge, Central Azores

Otus mauli Rando, Pieper, Alcover et Olson, 2012
OD Juan Carlos Rando, Harald Pieper, Josep Antoni Alcover & Storrs Lovejoy Olson, 2012
A New Species of Extinct Fossil Scops Owl (Aves: Strigiformes: Strigidae: Otus) from the Archipelago of Madeira (North Atlantic Ocean)
Zootaxa 3182: 29-42
Etymology: The new fossil owl species is named after Dr. honoris causa (1995) Günther Edmund Maul (7 May 1909 Frankfurt/M.– 28 Sept 1997 Funchal), who came to Madeira in October 1930. He worked first as a taxidermist in the Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural) and was later (1940–1981) its director. He was the leading expert on the Madeiran fauna in general, and especially on marine fishes. The majority of his publications (beginning in 1945) were listed by Wilhelm (2009). Wilhelm (2002 a, b) and Biscoito (1997) have provided obituaries.
From Ponta de São Lourenço (Madeira Island).

Otus frutuosoi Rando, Alcover, Olson et Pieper, 2013
OD Juan Carlos Rando, Josep Antoni Alcover, Storrs Lovejoy Olson & Harald Pieper, 2013
A New Species of Extinct Scops Owl (Aves: Strigiformes: Strigidae: Otus) from São Miguel Island (Azores Archipelago, North Atlantic Ocean)
Zootaxa 3647: 343-357
Etymology: The species name honours Gaspar Frutuoso (b. 1522 Ponta Delgada–d. 1591 Ribeira Grande), an early historian and chronicler of Macaronesia, who in the last years of his life wrote the huge work As Sáudades da Terra, in six volumes (not published until 1867). He is considered to be the first great historian of the Portuguese Atlantic islands. Frutuoso provided detailed ornithological information, including a list of the birds of São Miguel (Knecht & Scheer 1972).
From Gruta de Água de Pau (São Miguel Island, Azores Archipelago).

Columba palumbus maderensis Tschusi, 1904
I have no information on this subspecies, perhaps someone else?

Pyrrhula crassa Rando, Pieper, Olson, Pereira et Alcover, 2017
OD Juan Carlos Rando, Harald Pieper, Storrs Lovejoy Olson, Fernando Pereira & Josep Antoni Alcover, 2017
A New Extinct Species of Large Bullfinch (Aves: Fringillidae: Pyrrhula) from Graciosa Island (Azores, North Atlantic Ocean)
Zootaxa 4282: 567-583
Etymology. From Latin, crassa, thick, referring to the large size of the species and particularly to its notably heavy bill.
From Furna do Calcinhas, small cave (22.5 m length, 7 m wide, 3.5 m maximum height) situated at 175 m a.s.l. inside the Caldeira volcano, southeastern portion of Ilha da Graciosa, Azores.

The papers are not free availlable, but if you need the OD's, just ask,

Enjoy,

Fred
 

l_raty

laurent raty
Columba palumbus maderensis Tschusi, 1904
I have no information on this subspecies, perhaps someone else?
Tschusi zu Schmidhoffen, V von. 1904. Über palaearktische Formen. VIII. Ornithol. Jahrb., 15: 227-230. p. 227: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/49841289
No explicit etymological statement, but pretty straightforward to figure, I would think. ;)
(Differed from continental forms mainly in more vivid and contrasted colours.)
 

Users who are viewing this thread

Top