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Rallidae (1 Viewer)

Jim LeNomenclatoriste

Taxonomy and zoological nomenclature
France
Thanks for the Kirchman paper.

So there is pretty good agreement on the subfamily/tribe topology (just need to debock the names). The two differences are the addition of Gynnocrex as an additional tribe (Gymnocrecini) and the position of Fulicini. Kirchman's ML analysis (Fig 1) has Gymnocrecini as sister to Himantornithini with Fulicini sister to the remainder of the subfamily, while Kirchman's species tree (Fig 2) matches the Garcia-R et al (2020; Fig1) topology. The disagreement on position of Fulicini is a good reason for the two subfamily approach over three.
My current taxonomy is based on Garcia & al which show the existence of three subfamilies. I don't know who to believe and who to follow finally πŸ§πŸ˜•
 

Acanthis

Well-known member
Thanks for the Kirchman paper.

So there is pretty good agreement on the subfamily/tribe topology (just need to debock the names). The two differences are the addition of Gynnocrex as an additional tribe (Gymnocrecini) and the position of Fulicini. Kirchman's ML analysis (Fig 1) has Gymnocrecini as sister to Himantornithini with Fulicini sister to the remainder of the subfamily, while Kirchman's species tree (Fig 2) matches the Garcia-R et al (2020; Fig1) topology. The disagreement on position of Fulicini is a good reason for the two subfamily approach over three.
Based on Garcia-R et al and this paper I'm going to sit down later and divvy this family up into a whole bunch of little pieces that make sense to me, without giving them taxonomic ranks, and see how it all shakes out.

"debock"! :LOL:
To de-Bock a name.
Is that a thing now?
Hahaha
 
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Kratter

Well-known member
😲 Bock is like some kind of taxonomic 'Lord of chaos'!
The late Storrs Olson famously tore into Bock's monograph in a review in the Auk (Review: [Untitled] on JSTOR). The brilliance of this review is famously reflected is this gem of a passage:

"Unfortunately, in this instance the Teutonic fountain of omniscience has spewed forth a sphagnum opus that is a bog of fatuous and sometimes inexplicable errors that can only be regarded as mire. Because this work is one of the most meretricious and fallacious documents ever produced in the history of zoological nomenclature, a frank caveat lector must be issued lest it be accepted and its myriad errors perpetuated."

Read the whole review for more chuckles.
Andy
 
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Jim LeNomenclatoriste

Taxonomy and zoological nomenclature
France
The late Storrs Olsen famously tore into Bock's monograph in a review in the Auk (Review: [Untitled] on JSTOR). The brilliance of this review is famously reflected is this gem: of a passage:

"Unfortunately, in this instance the Teutonic fountain of omniscience has spewed forth a sphagnum opus that is a bog of fatuous and sometimes inexplicable errors that can only be regarded as mire. Because this work is one of the most meretricious and fallacious documents ever produced in the history of zoological nomenclature, a frank caveat lector must be issued lest it be accepted and its myriad errors perpetuated."

Read the whole review for more chuckles.
Andy
Whether you criticize him positively or negatively, it is through his work that I have been able to make discoveries, and not the least
 

Acanthis

Well-known member
Kirchman, J.J., N.R. McInerney, T.C. Giarla, S.L. Olson, E. Slikas, and R.C. Fleischer (2021)
Phylogeny based on ultra-conserved elements clarifies the evolution of rails and allies (Ralloidea) and is the basis for a revised classification
Ornithology (advance online publication)
doi: 10.1093/ornithology/ukab042

The rails (Family Rallidae) are the most diverse and widespread group in the Gruiformes. Their extensive fossil history, global geographic distribution, and tendency to rapidly evolve flightless species on islands make them an attractive subject of evolutionary studies, but the rarity of modern museum specimens of so many rail species has, until recently, limited the scope of molecular phylogenetics studies. As a result, the classification of rails remains one of the most unsettled among major bird radiations. We extracted DNA from museum specimens of 82 species, including 27 from study skins collected as long ago as 1875, and generated nucleotide sequences from thousands of homologous ultra-conserved elements (UCEs). Our phylogenetic analyses, using both concatenation and multispecies coalescent approaches, resulted in well-supported and highly congruent phylogenies that resolve the major lineages of rails and reveal several currently recognized genera to be polyphyletic. A fossil-calibrated time tree is well-resolved and supports the hypothesis that rails split into 2 major lineages (subfamilies Himantornithinae and Rallinae) ~34 mya, but clade age estimates have wide confidence intervals. Our results, combined with results of other recently published phylogenomics studies of rails and other Gruiformes, form the basis for a proposed classification of the Rallidae that recognizes 40 genera in 9 tribes.

I just wish to say thank you to Kirchman et al and Garcia-R et al for their excellent efforts.

I spent a most enjoyable afternoon sifting through it all.
Now if I could just have all the Rail plates in ICBW vol.1 in the new taxonomic order....😁
 
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Jim LeNomenclatoriste

Taxonomy and zoological nomenclature
France
I just wish to say thank you to Kirchman et al and Garcia-r et al for their excellent efforts.

I spent a most enjoyable afternoon sifting through it all.
Now if I could just have all the Rail plates in ICBW vol.1 in the new taxonomic order....😁
Two studies which contradict each other on the number of sub-families, 3 on one side, 2 on the other.
 

Acanthis

Well-known member
Two studies which contradict each other on the number of sub-families, 3 on one side, 2 on the other.
Yes, but nice to see them all in their 'kin groups' without having to make personal decisions around taxonomic ranks.
Also, I'm trying to avoid thinking about the fin-footed 'elephant in the room'.😁
 
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Jim LeNomenclatoriste

Taxonomy and zoological nomenclature
France
Did Garcia-R make taxonomic subfamily and tribe recommendations? .
No, but we can adapt our taxonomy according to their result. If we follow Garcia-R, I think we won't have the choice to recognize three sub-families : Himantornithinae (Himantornis and Gymnocrex), Fulicinae (Crake, Moorhen and Coot), Rallinae (true rails). Or we merge the last two subfamilies into one πŸ€”πŸ§πŸ˜•


The problem for me is the classification at the generic level within these subfamilies, depending on whether we follow Garcia or Kirchman
 

Jim LeNomenclatoriste

Taxonomy and zoological nomenclature
France

August 20​

Rails: We start with a split. Based on Ridgely and Greenfield (2001) and the fact that the birds in Ecuador sound quite different from those in North America, the Virginia Rail, Rallus limicola, is split into:

  • Virginia Rail, Rallus limicola
  • Ecuadorian Rail, Rallus aequatorialis, including meyerdeschauenseei
[Rallidae Gruae I, 3.07]

I've reorganized the rails using Garcia-R. and Matzke (2021), Kirchman et al. (2021), Garcia-R. et al. (2020), Boast et al. (2019) and an number of other papers. Details are in the rail section. Here I will just list the generic changes, which are numerous.

  • The Colombian Crake, Mustelirallus colombiana and Paint-billed Crake, Mustelirallus erythrops are transferred to genus Neocrex (Sclater and Salvin, 1869), type erythrops.
  • The Zapata Rail, Mustelirallus cerverai returns to the monotypic genus Cyanolimnas (Barbour and JL Peters, 1927).
  • The African Crake, Crex egregia, is not sister to the Corn Crake, so it moves to the monotypic genus Crecopsis (Sharpe, 1893).
  • The Snoring Rail, Lewinia plateni has moved away from Lewinia to become the monotypic genus Aramidopsis (Sharpe, 1893).
  • The Invisible Rail, Gallirallus wallacii is now in the monotypic genus Habroptila (Gray, 1861).
  • Hawkins's Rail, Gallirallus hawkinsi has become the monotypic genus Diaphorapteryx (Forbes, 1892).
  • The Calayan Rail, Gallirallus calayanensis becomes genus Aptenorallus (Kirchman et al., 2021).
  • The Chestnut Rail, Gallirallus castaneoventris becomes genus Eulabeornis (Gould, 1844).
  • The New Caledonian Rail, Gallirallus lafresnayanus becomes Tricholimnas (Sharpe, 1893).
  • The Chatham Rail, Gallirallus modestus joins Aphanapteryx (Frauenfeld, 1868), type bonasia.
  • The Okinawa Rail, Gallirallus okinawae, Barred Rail, Gallirallus torquatus, and Pink-legged Rail, Gallirallus insignis are all moved to Habropteryx (Stresemann, 1932), type insignis.
  • The rest of Gallirallus is transferred to genus Hypotaenidia (Reichenbach, 1853), type philippensis.
  • The American purple gallinules: Allen's Gallinule, Porphyrio alleni, Purple Gallinule, Porphyrio martinica, and Azure Gallinule, Porphyrio flavirostris, have been transferred to genus Porphyrula (Blyth, 1852), type alleni.
  • The Rusty-flanked Crake, Laterallus levraudi, joins Rufirallus (Bonaparte, 1856), type viridis.
  • The Ascension Crake, Mundia elpenor joins the black rail genus Creciscus (Cabanis, 1857), type jamaicensis.
  • The White-throated Crake, Limnocrex albigularis, is transferred to Laterallus (GR Gray, 1855), type melanophaius.
  • The Gray-breasted Crake, Laterallus exilis is sister to the Yellow-breasted Crake, Hapalocrex flaviventer. However, they are distant relations, so a new genus is needed. I don't know of any with exilis as type, so a temporary name must be used. Gray-breasted Crake becomes "Hapalocrex" exilis.
  • The Isabelline Bush-hen, Amaurornis isabellina, seems a bit distant from the other Amaurornis and becomes the monotypic genus Oenolimnas (Sharpe, 1853).
  • The Brown Crake, Zapornia akool, is transferred to Limnocorax (W Peters, 1854), type flavirostra.
  • Finally, a group of former Zapornia (and before that Porzana) have been separated as the genus Pennula (Dole, 1878), type sandwichensis. They are:
    • Sakalava Rail, Zapornia olivieri
    • Black-tailed Crake, Zapornia bicolor
    • Hawaiian Rail, Zapornia sandwichensis
    • Red-eyed Crake, Zapornia atra
    • Spotless Crake, Zapornia tabuensis
    • Kosrae Crake, Zapornia monasa
    • Tahiti Crake, Zapornia nigra
[Rallidae Gruae I, 3.07]
The last taxonomy adopted by Boyd (in red) doesn't really match with the result of Gracia-R. & al (2021)

One clade is composed by atra, bicolor, flavirostra, monasa, nigra, olivieri, and tabuensis, and the second by akool, fusca, isabellina, palmeri, parva, paykullii, pusilla, and sandwichensis. It's surprinsing that isabellina is a part of Zapornia. I would like to have an explanation as to the position of this species in this genus. And also know in which study Amaurornis isabellina was analyzed

In blue, just yes
 
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