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Difference between revisions of "Cape Sparrow" - BirdForum Opus

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[[Image:Cape_Sparrow.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male Cape Sparrow<br />Photo by {{user|Mybs|Mybs}}<br />Cedarberg Wilderness area, Western Cape, [[South Africa]]]]
 
;[[:Category:Passer|Passer]] melanurus
 
;[[:Category:Passer|Passer]] melanurus
[[Image:Cape_Sparrow.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male Cape Sparrow<br />Photo by Mybs<br />Cedarberg Wilderness area, Western Cape, South Africa]]
 
[[Image:2007_09_11_Female_Cape_Sparrow.jpg|thumb|450px|right|Female Cape Sparrow<br />Photo by Alan Manson<br />Cedara Farm, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.]]
 
 
==Identification==
 
==Identification==
 
Length 14-16 cm, mass 20-38 g.
 
Length 14-16 cm, mass 20-38 g.
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==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
 
The Cape Sparrow lives in dry areas of southern Africa like the arid and semi-arid savanna, dry woodland along drainage lines and seasonal watercourses; also croplands, plantations and copses of alien trees, parks and gardens.
 
The Cape Sparrow lives in dry areas of southern Africa like the arid and semi-arid savanna, dry woodland along drainage lines and seasonal watercourses; also croplands, plantations and copses of alien trees, parks and gardens.
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[[Image:2007_09_11_Female_Cape_Sparrow.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Female Cape Sparrow<br />Photo by {{user|Alan+Manson|Alan Manson}}<br />Cedara Farm, Pietermaritzburg, [[South Africa]].]]
 
==Behaviour==
 
==Behaviour==
 
Diet:  Forages mainly on the ground for seeds and insects, but also takes fruits, seeds and nectar directly from plants.
 
Diet:  Forages mainly on the ground for seeds and insects, but also takes fruits, seeds and nectar directly from plants.
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Reproduction:  The Cape Sparrow nests singly, or in loose colonies (up to 100 pairs; up to 15 nests in one tree). The nest is an untidy mass of grass and other plant material with a tunnel entrance and is thickly lined with feathers or soft plant material. Laying usually August to March (2-6 eggs).
 
Reproduction:  The Cape Sparrow nests singly, or in loose colonies (up to 100 pairs; up to 15 nests in one tree). The nest is an untidy mass of grass and other plant material with a tunnel entrance and is thickly lined with feathers or soft plant material. Laying usually August to March (2-6 eggs).
 
==References==
 
==References==
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. ''Robert's Birds of Southern Africa'', 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533
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#Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. ''Robert's Birds of Southern Africa'', 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
 
{{GSearch|Passer+melanurus}}
 
{{GSearch|Passer+melanurus}}
 
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Passer]]
 
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Passer]]

Revision as of 09:25, 28 July 2010

Male Cape Sparrow
Photo by Mybs
Cedarberg Wilderness area, Western Cape, South Africa
Passer melanurus

Identification

Length 14-16 cm, mass 20-38 g.

Adult male: Head black with broad white semicircles from behind eyes to side of throat. Nape and mantle greyish, merging into rufous or chestnut back and rump.

Adult female: Similar to the male, but with a grey and white head.

Distribution

South Africa, Lesotho, western Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, coastal south-western Angola, south-western Zimbabwe.

Taxonomy

Passer melanurus has three subspecies:

Habitat

The Cape Sparrow lives in dry areas of southern Africa like the arid and semi-arid savanna, dry woodland along drainage lines and seasonal watercourses; also croplands, plantations and copses of alien trees, parks and gardens.

Female Cape Sparrow
Photo by Alan Manson
Cedara Farm, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

Behaviour

Diet: Forages mainly on the ground for seeds and insects, but also takes fruits, seeds and nectar directly from plants.

Reproduction: The Cape Sparrow nests singly, or in loose colonies (up to 100 pairs; up to 15 nests in one tree). The nest is an untidy mass of grass and other plant material with a tunnel entrance and is thickly lined with feathers or soft plant material. Laying usually August to March (2-6 eggs).

References

  1. Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533

External Links

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