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Difference between revisions of "Cape Sparrow" - BirdForum Opus

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(Category:Passer; edited text & added distribution and taxonomy)
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;Passer melanurus
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;[[:Category:Passer|Passer]] melanurus
 
[[Image:Cape_Sparrow.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male Cape Sparrow<br />Photo by Mybs<br />Cedarberg Wilderness area, Western Cape, South Africa]]
 
[[Image:Cape_Sparrow.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Male Cape Sparrow<br />Photo by Mybs<br />Cedarberg Wilderness area, Western Cape, South Africa]]
 
[[Image:2007_09_11_Female_Cape_Sparrow.jpg|thumb|450px|right|Female Cape Sparrow<br />Photo by Alan Manson<br />Cedara Farm, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.]]
 
[[Image:2007_09_11_Female_Cape_Sparrow.jpg|thumb|450px|right|Female Cape Sparrow<br />Photo by Alan Manson<br />Cedara Farm, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.]]
 
==Other Names==
 
==Other Names==
 
Deutsch: Kapsperling; Afrikaans: Gewone Mossie
 
Deutsch: Kapsperling; Afrikaans: Gewone Mossie
==Description==
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==Identification==
14 - 16 cm and 29 g. Head black with broad white semicircles from behind eyes to side of throat. Nape and mantle greyish, merging into rufous or chestnut back and rump.
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Length 14-16 cm, mass 20-38 g.
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'''Adult male''': Head black with broad white semicircles from behind eyes to side of throat. Nape and mantle greyish, merging into rufous or chestnut back and rump.
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'''Adult female''': Similar to the male, but with a grey and white head.
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==Distribution==
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[[South Africa]], [[Lesotho]], western [[Swaziland]], [[Botswana]], [[Namibia]], coastal south-western [[Angola]], south-western [[Zimbabwe]].
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==Taxonomy==
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''Passer melanurus'' has three subspecies:
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*''P. m. melanurus'' from much of [[South Africa]];
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*''P. m. damarensis'' from [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]], neighbouring parts of [[South Africa]] and south-eastern [[Angola]]; and
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*''P. m. vicinus'' from [[Lesotho]], [[Swaziland]] and highlands of [[South Africa]].
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
The Cape Sparrow lives in dry areas of Southern Africa like the arid and semi-arid savanna, dry woodland along drainage lines and seasonal watercourses.
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The Cape Sparrow lives in dry areas of southern Africa like the arid and semi-arid savanna, dry woodland along drainage lines and seasonal watercourses; also croplands, plantations and copses of alien trees, parks and gardens.
 
==Diet==
 
==Diet==
Forages mainly by hopping on ground, but also takes fruits, seeds and nectar directly from plants.
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Forages mainly on the ground for seeds and insects, but also takes fruits, seeds and nectar directly from plants.
 
==Reproduction==
 
==Reproduction==
The Cape Sparrow nests singly, or in loose colonies of up to 100 pairs, with up to 15 active nests in one tree. Nests thickly lined with feathers or soft plant material. Laying dates usually from August to March.
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The Cape Sparrow nests singly, or in loose colonies (up to 100 pairs; up to 15 nests in one tree). The nest is an untidy mass of grass and other plant material with a tunnel entrance and is thickly lined with feathers or soft plant material. Laying usually August to March (2-6 eggs).
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==References==
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Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. ''Robert's Birds of Southern Africa'', 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
 
{{GSearch|Passer+melanurus}}
 
{{GSearch|Passer+melanurus}}
[[Category:Birds]]
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[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Passer]]

Revision as of 19:15, 5 June 2008

Passer melanurus
Male Cape Sparrow
Photo by Mybs
Cedarberg Wilderness area, Western Cape, South Africa
Female Cape Sparrow
Photo by Alan Manson
Cedara Farm, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

Other Names

Deutsch: Kapsperling; Afrikaans: Gewone Mossie

Identification

Length 14-16 cm, mass 20-38 g.

Adult male: Head black with broad white semicircles from behind eyes to side of throat. Nape and mantle greyish, merging into rufous or chestnut back and rump.

Adult female: Similar to the male, but with a grey and white head.

Distribution

South Africa, Lesotho, western Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, coastal south-western Angola, south-western Zimbabwe.

Taxonomy

Passer melanurus has three subspecies:

Habitat

The Cape Sparrow lives in dry areas of southern Africa like the arid and semi-arid savanna, dry woodland along drainage lines and seasonal watercourses; also croplands, plantations and copses of alien trees, parks and gardens.

Diet

Forages mainly on the ground for seeds and insects, but also takes fruits, seeds and nectar directly from plants.

Reproduction

The Cape Sparrow nests singly, or in loose colonies (up to 100 pairs; up to 15 nests in one tree). The nest is an untidy mass of grass and other plant material with a tunnel entrance and is thickly lined with feathers or soft plant material. Laying usually August to March (2-6 eggs).

References

Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533

External Links

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