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Cape Sparrow - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 14:59, 8 October 2010 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Photo captions. References updated)
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Male
Photo by Mybs
Cedarberg Wilderness area, Western Cape, South Africa, March 2005
Passer melanurus

Identification

Length 14-16 cm, mass 20-38 g.
Adult male: Head black with broad white semicircles from behind eyes to side of throat. Nape and mantle greyish, merging into rufous or chestnut back and rump.
Adult female: Similar to the male, but with a grey and white head.

Distribution

South Africa, Lesotho, western Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, coastal south-western Angola, south-western Zimbabwe.

Taxonomy

Female
Photo by Alan Manson
Cedara Farm, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, September 2007

Passer melanurus has three subspecies:

Habitat

The Cape Sparrow lives in dry areas of southern Africa like the arid and semi-arid savanna, dry woodland along drainage lines and seasonal watercourses; also croplands, plantations and copses of alien trees, parks and gardens.

Behaviour

Diet

Forages mainly on the ground for seeds and insects, but also takes fruits, seeds and nectar directly from plants.

Breeding

The Cape Sparrow nests singly, or in loose colonies (up to 100 pairs; up to 15 nests in one tree). The nest is an untidy mass of grass and other plant material with a tunnel entrance and is thickly lined with feathers or soft plant material. Laying usually August to March (2-6 eggs).

References

  1. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533

Recommended Citation

External Links

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