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Difference between revisions of "Capped Wheatear" - BirdForum Opus

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;Oenanthe pileata
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[[Image:Capped_Wheatear.jpg|thumb|400px|right|Photo by {{user|Mybs|Mybs}}<br />Blouvlei near Cape Town, [[South Africa]], September 2005]]
[[Image:Capped_Wheatear.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo by Mybs]]
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;[[:Category:Oenanthe|Oenanthe]] pileata
 
==Identification==
 
==Identification==
Location: Blouvlei near Cape Town
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17-18 cm
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*Black cap, cheeks, breast band
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*White eye stripe and throat
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*White underparts
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*Buff flanks and lower belly
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*Black tail base, centre of tail forms an inverted "T"
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*White rump
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*Black pointed bill
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*Black legs<br />
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'''Juvenile''': brown cap and cheeks
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==Distribution==
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[[Africa]]<br />
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'''Western Africa''': [[DRC]] and [[Angola]]<br />
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'''Eastern Africa''': [[Kenya]], [[Tanzania]], [[Zambia]], [[Mozambique]], [[Malawi]]<br />
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'''Southern Africa''': [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]], [[Zimbabwe]], [[South Africa]] and [[Lesotho]]
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[[Image:120cappedwheatear01r.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Subspecies ''livingstonii''<br />Photo by {{user|nigelblake|nigelblake}}<br />[[Tanzania]], July 1997]]
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==Taxonomy==
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====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>====
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There are 3 subspecies:
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*''O. p. neseri'':
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:*Southern [[Angola]] and northern [[Namibia]] to western [[Botswana]]
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*''O. p. livingstonii'':
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:*Eastern [[Angola]] to [[Zaire]], [[Kenya]], [[Tanzania]], [[Malawi]] and [[Mozambique]]
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*''O. p. pileata'':
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:*Southern [[Namibia]] and [[South Africa]]
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==Habitat==
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Stony plains, semi-desert, thornveld and short grassland.
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==Behaviour==
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Often seen perched on stones and fence posts.
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====Breeding====
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[[Dictionary_M-O#M|Monogamous]].
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The nest is made from straw, grass, and leaves, in a hole in the ground or a termite mound. The clutch consists of 3-4 eggs.
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====Diet====
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The diet includes insects, especially ants.
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==Gallery==
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Click on photo for larger image
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<gallery>
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Image:800bird3cP1302041.jpg|Moulting Juvenile <br />Photo by {{user|CollinBax|CollinBax}}<br />Agter-Paarl, [[South Africa]], January 2009
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Image:21502Capped Wheatear 600x450 copy.jpg|Juvenile<br />Photo by {{user|nkgray|nkgray}}<br />[[Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park]], [[South Africa]], May 2006
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</gallery>
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==References==
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#{{Ref-Clements6thDec09}}#Avibase
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#Wikipedia
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#BF Member observations
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{{ref}}
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
*[http://www.birdforum.net/pp_gallery/showgallery.php?mcats=all&what=allfields&si=Oenanthe+pileata+ View more images of Capped Wheatear in the gallery]
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{{GSearch|Oenanthe+pileata}}
[[Category:Birds]]
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[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Oenanthe]]

Latest revision as of 21:37, 22 December 2016

Photo by Mybs
Blouvlei near Cape Town, South Africa, September 2005
Oenanthe pileata

Identification

17-18 cm

  • Black cap, cheeks, breast band
  • White eye stripe and throat
  • White underparts
  • Buff flanks and lower belly
  • Black tail base, centre of tail forms an inverted "T"
  • White rump
  • Black pointed bill
  • Black legs

Juvenile: brown cap and cheeks

Distribution

Africa
Western Africa: DRC and Angola
Eastern Africa: Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Lesotho

Subspecies livingstonii
Photo by nigelblake
Tanzania, July 1997

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

There are 3 subspecies:

  • O. p. neseri:
  • O. p. livingstonii:
  • O. p. pileata:

Habitat

Stony plains, semi-desert, thornveld and short grassland.

Behaviour

Often seen perched on stones and fence posts.

Breeding

Monogamous.

The nest is made from straw, grass, and leaves, in a hole in the ground or a termite mound. The clutch consists of 3-4 eggs.

Diet

The diet includes insects, especially ants.

Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

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